5,336 research outputs found

    Effects of nanoscale spatial inhomogeneity in strongly correlated systems

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    We calculate ground-state energies and density distributions of Hubbard superlattices characterized by periodic modulations of the on-site interaction and the on-site potential. Both density-matrix renormalization group and density-functional methods are employed and compared. We find that small variations in the on-site potential viv_i can simulate, cancel, or even overcompensate effects due to much larger variations in the on-site interaction UiU_i. Our findings highlight the importance of nanoscale spatial inhomogeneity in strongly correlated systems, and call for reexamination of model calculations assuming spatial homogeneity.Comment: 5 pages, 1 table, 4 figures, to appear in PR

    Modulation of charge-density waves by superlattice structures

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    We discuss the interplay between electronic correlations and an underlying superlattice structure in determining the period of charge density waves (CDW's), by considering a one-dimensional Hubbard model with a repeated (non-random) pattern of repulsive (U>0) and free (U=0) sites. Density matrix renormalization group diagonalization of finite systems (up to 120 sites) is used to calculate the charge-density correlation function and structure factor in the ground state. The modulation period can still be predicted through effective Fermi wavevectors, k_F*, and densities, and we have found that it is much more sensitive to electron (or hole) doping, both because of the narrow range of densities needed to go from q*=0 to \pi, but also due to sharp 2k_F*-4k_F* transitions; these features render CDW's more versatile for actual applications in heterostructures than in homogeneous systems.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, to appear in Phys Rev

    Light quark and charm interplay in the Dalitz-plot analysis of hadronic decays in FOCUS

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    The potentiality of interpreting the D-meson decay-dynamics has revealed itself to be strongly dependent on our understanding of the light-meson sector. The statistics collected by FOCUS is already at a level that manifests parametrization problems for scalar particles. In this paper the first application of the K-matrix approach in the charm sector is illustrated and preliminary results on the D+ and Ds decays to three pions are shown.Comment: 9 pages, 7 figures, Invited talk at the Scalar Meson Worksho

    Contact mechanics analysis of a soft robotic fingerpad

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    The precision grasping capabilities of robotic hands is a key feature which is more and more required in the manipulation of objects in several unstructured fields, as for instance industrial, medical, agriculture and food industry. For this purpose, the realization of soft robotic fingers is crucial to reproduce the human finger skills. From this point of view the fingerpad is the part which is mostly involved in the contact. Particular attention must be paid to the knowledge of the mechanical contact behavior of soft artificial fingerpads. In this paper, artificial silicone fingerpads are applied to the last phalanx of robotic fingers actuated by tendons. The mechanical interaction between the fingerpad and a flat surface is analyzed in terms of deformations, contact areas and indentations. A reliable model of fingertip deformation properties provides important information for understanding robotic hand performance, that can be useful both in the design phase and for defining control strategies. The approach is based on theoretical, experimental, and numerical methods. The results will be exploited for the design of more effective robotic fingers for precision grasping of soft or fragile objects avoiding damages

    Model-Independent Quantum Phases Classifier

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    Machine learning has revolutionized many fields of science and technology. Through the kk-Nearest Neighbors algorithm, we develop a model-independent classifier, where the algorithm can classify phases of a model to which it has never had access. For this, we study three distinct spin-11 models with some common phases: the XXZ chains with uniaxial single-ion-type anisotropy, the bound alternating XXZ chains, and the bilinear biquadratic chain. We show that, with high probability, algorithms trained with two of these models can determine common phases with the third. It is the first step toward a universal classifier, where an algorithm is able to detect any phase with no knowledge about the Hamiltonian, only knowing partial information about the quantum state

    Magnetic Susceptibility of an integrable anisotropic spin ladder system

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    We investigate the thermodynamics of a spin ladder model which possesses a free parameter besides the rung and leg couplings. The model is exactly solved by the Bethe Ansatz and exhibits a phase transition between a gapped and a gapless spin excitation spectrum. The magnetic susceptibility is obtained numerically and its dependence on the anisotropy parameter is determined. A connection with the compounds KCuCl3, Cu2(C5H12N2)2Cl4 and (C5H12N)2CuBr4 in the strong coupling regime is made and our results for the magnetic susceptibility fit the experimental data remarkably well.Comment: 12 pages, 12 figures included, submitted to Phys. Rev.

    Kondo lattice model with a direct exchange interaction between localized moments

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    We study the Kondo lattice model with a direct antiferromagnetic exchange interaction between localized moments. Ferromagnetically long-range ordered state coexisting with the Kondo screening shows a continuous quantum phase transition to the Kondo singlet state. We obtain the value of the critical point where the magnetizations of the localized moments and the conduction electrons vanish. The magnetization curves yield a universal critical exponent independent of the filling factors and the strength of the interaction between localized moments. It is shown that the direct exchange interaction between localized moments introduces another phase transition from an antiferromagnetic ordering to a ferromagnetic ordering for small Kondo exchange interaction. We also explain the local minimum of the Kondo temperature in recent experiments.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures, final versio
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