42,314 research outputs found

    Maneuvering strategies using CMGs

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    This paper considers control strategies for maneuvering spacecraft using Single-Gimbal Control Momentum Gyros (CMGs). A pyramid configuration using four gyros is utilized. Preferred initial gimbal angles for maximum utilization of CMG momentum are obtained for some known torque commands. Feedback control laws are derived from the stability point of view by using the Liapunov's Second Theorem. The gyro rates are obtained by the pseudo-inverse technique. The effect of gimbal rate bounds on controllability are studied for an example maneuver. Singularity avoidance is based on limiting the gyro rates depending on a singularity index

    Hadronic B Decays to Charmless VT Final States

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    Charmless hadronic decays of B mesons to a vector meson (V) and a tensor meson (T) are analyzed in the frameworks of both flavor SU(3) symmetry and generalized factorization. We also make comments on B decays to two tensor mesons in the final states. Certain ways to test validity of the generalized factorization are proposed, using BVTB \to VT decays. We calculate the branching ratios and CP asymmetries using the full effective Hamiltonian including all the penguin operators and the form factors obtained in the non-relativistic quark model of Isgur, Scora, Grinstein and Wise.Comment: 27 pages, no figures, LaTe

    Prediction of airfoil stall using Navier-Stokes equations in streamline coordinates

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    A Navier-Stokes procedure to calculate the flow about an airfoil at incidence was developed. The parabolized equations are solved in the streamline coordinates generated for an arbitrary airfoil shape using conformal mapping. A modified k-epsilon turbulence model is applied in the entire domain, but the eddy viscosity in the laminar region is suppressed artificially to simulate the region correctly. The procedure was applied to airfoils at various angles of attack, and the results are quite satisfactory for both laminar and turbulent flows. It is shown that the present choice of the coordinate system reduces the error due to numerical diffusion, and that the lift is accurately predicted for a wide range of incidence

    Higher and missing resonances in omega photoproduction

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    We study the role of the nucleon resonances (NN^*) in ω\omega photoproduction by using the quark model resonance parameters predicted by Capstick and Roberts. The employed γNN\gamma N \to N^* and NωNN^* \to \omega N amplitudes include the configuration mixing effects due to the residual quark-quark interactions. The contributions from the nucleon resonances are found to be important in the differential cross sections at large scattering angles and various spin observables. In particular, the parity asymmetry and beam-target double asymmetry at forward scattering angles are suggested for a crucial test of our predictions. The dominant contributions are found to be from N32+(1910)N\frac32^+ (1910), a missing resonance, and N32(1960)N\frac32^- (1960) which is identified as the D13(2080)D_{13}(2080) of the Particle Data Group.Comment: 8 pages, LaTeX with ws-p8-50x6-00.cls, 4 figures (5 eps files), Talk presented at the NSTAR2001 Workshop on the Physics of Excited Nucleons, Mainz, Germany, Mar. 7-10, 200