19,536 research outputs found

    The CWKB approach to non-reflecting potential and cosmological implications

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    We discuss the method of calculating the reflection coefficient using complex trajectory WKB (CWKB) approximation. This enables us to give an interpretation of non-reflecting nature of the potential under certain conditions and clarify some points, reported incorrectly elsewhere [vs:ejp] for the potential U(x)=−U0cosh2(x/a)U(x)=-U_0cosh^2(x/a). We show that the repeated reflectios between the turning points are essential, which most authors overlooked, in obtaining the non-reflecting c ondition. We find that the considered repeated reflection paths are in conformity with Bogolubov transformation technique. We discuss the implications of the results when applied to the particle production scenario, considering xx as a time variable and also stress the cosmological implications of the result with reference to radiation domonated and de Sitter spacetime.Comment: 9 pages, late

    Study of timing properties of single gap high-resistive bakelite RPC

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    The time resolution for several single gap (2 mm) prototype Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) made of high resistive (bulk resistivity ~ 10^10 - 10^12 ohm cm), 2 mm thick matt finished bakelite paper laminates with silicone coating on the inner surfaces, has been measured. The time resolution for all the modules has been found to be ~ 2 ns at the plateau region.Comment: 5 figures, Presented in Frontier Detectors for Frontier Physics (11th Pisa meeting on advanced detectors), La Biodala, Isola d'Elba, Italy, May 24-30, 200

    Performances of silicone coated high resistive bakelite RPC

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    Performances of several single gap (gas gap 2 mm) prototype Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC) made of high resistive ({\rho} \sim 1010 - 1012 {\Omega} cm) bakelite, commercially available in India have been studied in recent times. To make the inner electrode surfaces smooth, a thin coating of silicone has been applied. An efficiency > 90% and time resolution \sim 2 ns (FWHM) have been obtained for both the streamer and the avalanche mode. The induced charge distributions of those silicone coated RPC are studied and the results are presented. A numerical study on the effect of surface roughness of the resistive electrodes on the electric field of the device has been carried out using Garfield-neBEM code. A few results for a simplified model representing surface roughness, measured using a surface profilometer for the bakelite surfaces, have also been presented

    Schroedinger Wheeler-DeWitt Equation In Multidimensional Cosmology

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    We study multidimensional cosmology to obtain the wavefunction of the universe using wormhole dominance proposal. Using a prescription for time we obtain the Schroedinger-Wheeler-DeWitt equation without any reference to WD equation and WKB ansatz for WD wavefunction. It is found that the Hartle-Hawking or wormhole-dominated boundary conditions serve as a seed for inflation as well as for Gaussian type ansatz to Schroedinger-Wheeler-DeWitt equation.Comment: 10 Pages, LaTeX, no figur

    The CWKB Method of Particle Production in Periodic Potential

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    In this work we study the particle production in time dependent periodic potential using the method of complex time WKB (CWKB) approximation. In the inflationary cosmology at the end of inflationary stage, the potential becomes time dependent as well as periodic. Reheating occurs due to particle production by the oscillating inflaton field. Using CWKB we obtain almost identical results on catastrophic particle production as obtained by others.Comment: 17 pages, latex, 2 figure

    On bouncing solutions in non-local gravity

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    A non-local modified gravity model with an analytic function of the d'Alembert operator is considered. This model has been recently proposed as a possible way of resolving the singularities problem in cosmology. We present an exact bouncing solution, which is simpler compared to the already known one in this model in the sense it does not require an additional matter to satisfy all the gravitational equations.Comment: 5 pages; v2: matching the jounral versio

    Nonclassicality and decoherence of photon-subtracted squeezed states

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    We discuss nonclassical properties of single-photon subtracted squeezed vacuum states in terms of the sub-Poissonian statistics and the negativity of the Wigner function. We derive a compact expression for the Wigner function from which we find the region of phase space where Wigner function is negative. We find an upper bound on the squeezing parameter for the state to exhibit sub-Poissonian statistics. We then study the effect of decoherence on the single-photon subtracted squeezed states. We present results for two different models of decoherence, viz. amplitude decay model and the phase diffusion model. In each case we give analytical results for the time evolution of the state. We discuss the loss of nonclassicality as a result of decoherence. We show through the study of their phase-space properties how these states decay to vacuum due to the decay of photons. We show that phase damping leads to very slow decoherence than the photon-number decay.Comment: Figures are in GIF format separately, submitte