21 research outputs found

    An enquiry into the predictive value of grammar school entrance examinations

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    The development of a moral and motivational approach to understanding the role of narratives in right-wing extremist radicalisation

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    There is a wide discrepancy amongst literature and research on radicalisation, regarding how narratives are conceptualised, their relation to ideology, and their wider role in the radicalisation process. Resolving this discrepancy might allow researchers, and particularly those involved in de-radicalisation/counter-radicalisation, to better understand how narratives function in this context, and what can be done to address them. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to utilise, and synthesise, research into theories/models of radicalisation, particularly Griffin’s (2012, 2017) heroic doubling paradigm and Atran’s (2016) Devoted Actor Model, with interpretative and narrative theories, alongside relevant concepts from moral and motivational psychology, in order to develop a practical heuristic for understanding the role of narratives in Right Wing Extremist (RWE) radicalisation. The heuristic developed here seeks, therefore, to be able to provide a clear framework for describing how specific RWE narratives can involve the psychological processes integral to the radicalisation towards violence. To do this, it draws on Heideggerian concepts, such as “throw-projections,” Jerome Bruner’s narrative psychology, Peter Berger’s “sacred canopies,” and Rene Girard’s work on the scapegoat mechanism. After synthesising relevant theories and research, the preliminary heuristic was then developed further, through an analysis of contemporary RWE narratives, in the form of three terrorist manifestos. Accordingly, this study argues that RWE narratives, such as those analysed, are adopted, and evolve, through a dialectical process of interpretation, whereby adherents integrate, or “emplot,” themselves, and the various aspects of the world around them, into a Manichean master narrative, whose temporal dimension brings about a sense of both existential dread, and a subsequent moral duty, to act in defence of their sacred canopy and sacralised in-group. RWE terrorists, such as these, thus feel they must destroy the present, in order to save the future

    The Polar Properties of the Plane Trinodal Quartic Curve

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