1,351 research outputs found

    Deterministic Quantum Dense Coding Networks

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    We consider the scenario of deterministic classical information transmission between multiple senders and a single receiver, when they a priori share a multipartite quantum state -- an attempt towards building a deterministic dense coding network. Specifically, we prove that in the case of two or three senders and a single receiver, generalized Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (gGHZ) states are not beneficial for sending classical information deterministically beyond the classical limit, except when the shared state is the GHZ state itself. On the other hand, three- and four-qubit generalized W (gW) states with specific parameters as well as the four-qubit Dicke states can provide a quantum advantage of sending the information in deterministic dense coding. Interestingly however, numerical simulations in the three-qubit scenario reveal that the percentage of states from the GHZ-class that are deterministic dense codeable is higher than that of states from the W-class.Comment: 11 pages, 2 figures, close to published versio

    Universality in Distribution of Monogamy Scores for Random Multiqubit Pure States

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    Monogamy of quantum correlations provides a way to study restrictions on their sharability in multiparty systems. We find the critical exponent of these measures, above which randomly generated multiparty pure states satisfy the usual monogamy relation, and show that the critical power decreases with the increase in the number of parties. For three-qubit pure states, we detect that W-class states are more prone to being nonmonogamous as compared to the GHZ-class states. We also observe a different criticality in monogamy power up to which random pure states remain nonmonogamous. We prove that the "average monogamy" score asymptotically approaches its maximal value on increasing the number of parties. Analyzing the monogamy scores of random three-, four-, five- and six-qubit pure states, we also report that almost all random pure six-qubit states possess maximal monogamy score, which we confirm by evaluating statistical quantities like mean, variance and skewness of the distributions. In particular, with the variation of number of qubits, means of the distributions of monogamy scores for random pure states approach to unity -- which is the algebraic maximum -- thereby conforming to the known results of random states having maximal multipartite entanglement in terms of geometric measures.Comment: 12 pages, 7 figure

    Phase boundaries in alternating field quantum XY model with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction: Sustainable entanglement in dynamics

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    We report all phases and corresponding critical lines of the quantum anisotropic transverse XY model with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction along with uniform and alternating transverse magnetic fields (ATXY) by using appropriately chosen order parameters. We prove that when DM interaction is weaker than the anisotropy parameter, it has no effect at all on the zero-temperature states of the XY model with uniform transverse magnetic field which is not the case for the ATXY model. However, when DM interaction is stronger than the anisotropy parameter, we show appearance of a new gapless phase - a chiral phase - in the XY model with uniform as well as alternating field. We further report that first derivatives of nearest neighbor two-site entanglement with respect to magnetic fields can detect all the critical lines present in the system. We also observe that the factorization surface at zero-temperature present in this model without DM interaction becomes a volume on the introduction of the later. We find that DM interaction can generate bipartite entanglement sustainable at large times, leading to a proof of ergodic nature of bipartite entanglement in this system, and can induce a transition from non-monotonicity of entanglement with temperature to a monotonic one.Comment: 19 pages, 14 figure

    Response of macroscopic and microscopic dynamical quantifiers to the quantum critical region

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    At finite temperatures, the quantum critical region (QCR) emerges as a consequence of the interplay between thermal and quantum fluctuations. We seek for suitable physical quantities, which during dynamics can give prominent response to QCR in the transverse field quantum XYXY model. We report that the maximum energy absorbed, the nearest neighbor entanglement and the quantum mutual information of the time evolved state after a quench of the transverse magnetic field exhibits a faster fall off with temperature when the initial magnetic field is taken from within the QCR, compared to the choice of the initial point from different phases. We propose a class of dynamical quantifiers, originated from the patterns of these physical quantities and show that they can faithfully mimic the equilibrium physics, namely detection of the QCR at finite temperatures.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figure

    Multipartite entanglement at dynamical quantum phase transitions with non-uniformly spaced criticalities

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    We report dynamical quantum phase transition portrait in the alternating field transverse XY spin chain with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction by investigating singularities in the Loschmidt echo and the corresponding rate function after a sudden quench of system parameters. Unlike the Ising model, the analysis of Loschmidt echo yields non-uniformly spaced transition times in this model. Comparative study between the equilibrium and the dynamical quantum phase transitions in this case reveals that there are quenches where one occurs without the other, and the regimes where they co-exist. However, such transitions happen only when quenching is performed across at least a single gapless or critical line. Contrary to equilibrium phase transitions, bipartite entanglement measures do not turn out to be useful for the detection, while multipartite entanglement emerges as a good identifier of this transition when the quench is done from a disordered phase of this model.Comment: 10 pages, 6 figures; close to published versio

    Optimasi Portofolio Resiko Menggunakan Model Markowitz MVO Dikaitkan dengan Keterbatasan Manusia dalam Memprediksi Masa Depan dalam Perspektif Al-Qur`an

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    Risk portfolio on modern finance has become increasingly technical, requiring the use of sophisticated mathematical tools in both research and practice. Since companies cannot insure themselves completely against risk, as human incompetence in predicting the future precisely that written in Al-Quran surah Luqman verse 34, they have to manage it to yield an optimal portfolio. The objective here is to minimize the variance among all portfolios, or alternatively, to maximize expected return among all portfolios that has at least a certain expected return. Furthermore, this study focuses on optimizing risk portfolio so called Markowitz MVO (Mean-Variance Optimization). Some theoretical frameworks for analysis are arithmetic mean, geometric mean, variance, covariance, linear programming, and quadratic programming. Moreover, finding a minimum variance portfolio produces a convex quadratic programming, that is minimizing the objective function ðð¥with constraintsð ð 𥠥 ðandð´ð¥ = ð. The outcome of this research is the solution of optimal risk portofolio in some investments that could be finished smoothly using MATLAB R2007b software together with its graphic analysis

    Search for heavy resonances decaying to two Higgs bosons in final states containing four b quarks