5 research outputs found

    Translating Islamic Law: the postcolonial quest for minority representation

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    This research sets out to investigate how culture-specific or signature concepts are rendered in English-language discourse on Islamic, or ‘shariʿa’ law, which has Arabic roots. A large body of literature has investigated Islamic law from a technical perspective. However, from the perspective of linguistics and translation studies, little attention has been paid to the lexicon that makes up this specialised discourse. Much of the commentary has so far been prescriptive, with limited empirical evidence. This thesis aims to bridge this gap by exploring how ‘culturalese’ (i.e., ostensive cultural discourse) travels through language, as evidenced in the self-built Islamic Law Corpus (ILC), a 9-million-word monolingual English corpus, covering diverse genres on Islamic finance and family law. Using a mixed methods design, the study first quantifies the different linguistic strategies used to render shariʿa-based concepts in English, in order to explore ‘translation’ norms based on linguistic frequency in the corpus. This quantitative analysis employs two models: profile-based correspondence analysis, which considers the probability of lexical variation in expressing a conceptual category, and logistic regression (using MATLAB programming software), which measures the influence of the explanatory variables ‘genre’, ‘legal function’ and ‘subject field’ on the choice between an Arabic loanword and an endogenous English lexeme, i.e., a close English equivalent. The findings are then interpreted qualitatively in the light of postcolonial translation agendas, which aim to preserve intangible cultural heritage and promote the representation of minoritised groups. The research finds that the English-language discourse on Islamic law is characterised by linguistic borrowing and glossing, implying an ideologically driven variety of English that can be usefully labelled as a kind of ‘Islamgish’ (blending ‘Islamic’ and ‘English’) aimed at retaining symbols of linguistic hybridity. The regression analysis confirms the influence of the above-mentioned contextual factors on the use of an Arabic loanword versus English alternatives

    الترجمة والتحرُّر الفكري من هيمنة الغرب : ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ السنهوري ١٩٤٨ / Translation and Liberation from Western Hegemony: Al-Sanhuri’s 1948 Law

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    [تناقش المقالة دور الترجمة في مشروع النهضة خلال القرن التاسع عشر إلى منتصف القرن العشرين من خلال تحليل القانونين ﺍﻟﻤﺪﻧﻴﻴﻦ ١٨٨٣ و١٩٤٨ واللذين يمثلان حركتي ترجمة تبنت كل منهما منظوراً متبايناً إزاء إشكالية الحداثة والتقليد ، فأنتجت آليات مختلفة للتبادل الثقافي وتحديث اللغة . توضح المقالة مدى تأثر سياسات ترجمة القانونين بالمعايير الإيديولوجية المرتبطة بالأجندات السياسة والاجتماعية التي اقتضاها سياقهما ، مع تسليط الضوء على الإستراتيجيات التي استعان بها العلامة القانوني عبد الرزاق السنهوري في إعداده لقانون ١٩٤٨ والتي تقدم دور المترجم باعتباره منتجاً فاعلاً للتشريع ، تضافراً مع جهود آلتحرر الفكري . This article explores the role of translation in the development of Egyptian jurisprudence during the Nahda, from the nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century. The Civil Codes of 1883 and 1948 are analyzed as case studies of two translation trends that grappled with the contentious issue of modernity and traditionalism through reflecting disparate mechanisms for cultural exchange and language modernization. The article demonstrates how the two codes enact distinct ideological norms shaped by their underlying socio-political agendas, while highlighting the contribution of Jurist \u27Abd al-Razzaq al-Sanhuri in deploying the translation policy of co-drafting in the latter code towards ideological decolonization.

    Perceived value of ride-hailing providers: The role of algorithmic management, customer dysfunctional behavior and perceived injustice

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    Despite providing service and consumption are two sides of the same coin of value co-creation in the gig economy, value as an outcome was only investigated from the customer point of view, not from the provider. This study aims to explore the impact of algorithmic management, customer dysfunctional behavior and perceived injustice on Uber and Careem drivers perceived value in Egypt. Qualitative interviews and content analysis were employed. Thematic analysis will be used for identifying, analyzing, and reporting patterns within data. Our findings define how drivers’ perceived value is negatively influenced by algorithmic management, customer dysfunctional behavior, and perceived injustice. In order to increase drivers’ perceived value, ride-hailing companies should not only put consideration on how to improve the control of algorithmic management and customer empowerment but also have to revise their policies and decisions to provide positive value to their drivers

    Global sperm DNA methylation and intra cytoplasmic sperm injection outcomes

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    Routine semen analysis is a poor predictor of pregnancy rates after intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). There is an assumption that embryos’ quality and fertilization rates could be influenced by epigenetic factors. We aimed at comparing global sperm DNA methylation level (GSDML) between normal and abnormal semen, investigating its relationship with sperm parameters and assessing its effect on ICSI outcomes; fertilization, good embryo and pregnancy rates. Ejaculates were obtained from 104 infertile and 60 fertile males undergoing ICSI at Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria, Egypt. Data was analyzed using IBM SPSS software package, 20. Inter-group differences in semen parameters were assessed by t-test. GSDML, measured by ELISA, showed significant positive correlation with sperm count, concentration and motility. It correlated positively but insignificantly with morphology and fertilization rate. High levels were significantly associated with embryos having good quality and positivepregnancy rates. GSDML could predict good embryo rate and pregnancy occurrence after ICSI. Keywords: Sperm, Methylation, Infertility, ICSI L'analyse systématique du sperme est un mauvais prédicteur des taux de grossesse après injection intra-cytoplasmique de sperme (ICSI). On suppose que la qualité des embryons et les taux de fécondation pourraient être influencés par des facteurs épigénétiques. Nous visions à comparer le niveau global de méthylation de l'ADN du sperme (GSDML) entre le sperme normal et anormal, en étudiant sa relation avec les paramètres du sperme et en évaluant son effet sur les résultats de l'ICSI; fécondation, bons taux d'embryons et de grossesses. Des éjaculats ont été obtenus à partir de 104 hommes stériles et 60 fertiles subissant une ICSI à la Faculté de médecine d'Alexandrie, en Egypte. Les données ont été analysées à l'aide du progiciel IBM SPSS, 20. Les différences inter-groupes dans les paramètres du sperme ont été évaluées par test t. Le GSDML, mesuré par ELISA, a montré une corrélation positive significative avec le nombre de spermatozoïdes, la concentration et la motilité. Il était en corrélation positive mais insignifiante avec la morphologie et le taux de fécondation. Des niveaux élevés étaient significativement associés à des embryonsde bonne qualité et des taux de grossesse positifs. Le GSDML pourrait prédire un bon taux d'embryons et la survenue de grossesses après ICSI. Mots-clés: Sperme, méthylation, infertilité, ICS
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