772 research outputs found

    GOVERNANÇA APLICADA AO SETOR PÚBLICO: UM ESTUDO BIBLIOMÉTRICO DOS ÚLTIMOS CINCO ANOS/Governance applied to the public sector: a bibliometric study of the last five years

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    A Governança aplicada ao setor público é abordada diante de determinados pressupostos como gestão, responsabilidade, accountability (prestação de contas), transparência e legalidade do setor público. Segundo os modelos realizados pela ONU e pela OECD, estes elementos são considerados essenciais para o desenvolvimento das sociedades. O presente estudo propõe-se, a partir de uma pesquisa bibliométrica, analisar os trabalhos propostos sobre governança aplicada ao setor público nos últimos 5 anos. A análise das publicações na base de dados Web of Science, resultou em 719 artigos e constatou-se que a quantidade de estudos acerca de Governança Pública no período compreendido entre 2009 e 2018 vêm aumentando gradativamente. A instituição em destaque na pesquisa sobre Governança Pública é a universidade de Londres, nenhuma Instituição brasileira aparece entre as dez maiores produtoras de trabalhos científicos nesta área. Quanto ao número de artigos por países, os Estados Unidos lideram o ranking de publicações, seguidos de Inglaterra e China. Dentre os tipos de produções, o formato de artigo é o mais escolhido entre os pesquisadores.Palavras chaves: Bibliométrico, Governança e Governança Pública

    Search for heavy resonances in the W/Z-tagged dijet mass spectrum in pp collisions at 7 TeV

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    A search has been made for massive resonances decaying into a quark and a vector boson, qW or qZ, or a pair of vector bosons, WW, WZ, or ZZ, where each vector boson decays to hadronic final states. This search is based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb^-^1 of proton-proton collisions collected in the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2011 at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. For sufficiently heavy resonances the decay products of each vector boson are merged into a single jet, and the event effectively has a dijet topology. The background from QCD dijet events is reduced using recently developed techniques that resolve jet substructure. A 95% CL lower limit is set on the mass of excited quark resonances decaying into qW (qZ) at 2.38 TeV (2.15 TeV) and upper limits are set on the cross section for resonances decaying to qW, qZ, WW, WZ, or ZZ final states.Peer Reviewe

    Search for a non-standard-model Higgs boson decaying to a pair of new light bosons in four-muon final states

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    Results are reported from a search for non-standard-model Higgs boson decays to pairs of new light bosons, each of which decays into the μ+μ− final state. The new bosons may be produced either promptly or via a decay chain. The data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.3 fb−1 of proton–proton collisions at View the MathML source, recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2011. Such Higgs boson decays are predicted in several scenarios of new physics, including supersymmetric models with extended Higgs sectors or hidden valleys. Thus, the results of the search are relevant for establishing whether the new particle observed in Higgs boson searches at the LHC has the properties expected for a standard model Higgs boson. No excess of events is observed with respect to the yields expected from standard model processes. A model-independent upper limit of 0.86±0.06 fb on the product of the cross section times branching fraction times acceptance is obtained. The results, which are applicable to a broad spectrum of new physics scenarios, are compared with the predictions of two benchmark models as functions of a Higgs boson mass larger than 86 GeV/c2 and of a new light boson mass within the range 0.25–3.55 GeV/c2Peer Reviewe

    Measurement of the Production Cross Section for Pairs of Isolated Photons in pppp collisions at s=7\sqrt{s}=7 TeV

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    The integrated and differential cross sections for the production of pairs of isolated photons is measured in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. A data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36 inverse picobarns is analysed. A next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculation is compared to the measurements. A discrepancy is observed for regions of the phase space where the two photons have an azimuthal angle difference, Δ(ϕ)\Delta(\phi), less than approximately 2.8.Peer Reviewe

    Inclusive search for supersymmetry using the razor variables in pppp collisions at s=7\sqrt{s}=7 TeV

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    An inclusive search is presented for new heavy particle pairs produced in s\sqrt{s} = 7 TeV proton-proton collisions at the LHC using 4.7 +/- 0.1 inverse femtobarns of integrated luminosity. The selected events are analyzed in the 2D razor space of MR, an event-by-event indicator of the heavy particle mass scale, and R, a dimensionless variable related to the missing transverse energy. The third-generation sector is probed using the event heavy-flavor content. The search is sensitive to generic supersymmetry models with minimal assumptions about the superpartner decay chains. No excess is observed in the number of events beyond that predicted by the standard model. Exclusion limits are derived in the CMSSM framework as well as for simplified models. Within the CMSSM parameter space considered, gluino masses up to 800 GeV and squark masses up to 1.35 TeV are excluded at 95% confidence level depending on the model parameters. The direct production of pairs of stop or sbottom quarks is excluded for masses as high as 400 GeV.Peer Reviewe

    Search for signatures of extra dimensions in the diphoton mass spectrum at the Large Hadron Collider

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    A search for signatures of extra dimensions in the diphoton invariant-mass spectrum has been performed with the CMS detector at the LHC. No excess of events above the standard model expectation is observed using a data sample collected in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.2 inverse femtobarns. In the context of the large-extra-dimensions model, lower limits are set on the effective Planck scale in the range of 2.3-3.8 TeV at the 95% confidence level. These limits are the most restrictive bounds on virtual-graviton exchange to date. The most restrictive lower limits to date are also set on the mass of the first graviton excitation in the Randall-Sundrum model in the range of 0.86-1.84 TeV, for values of the associated coupling parameter between 0.01 and 0.10.Peer Reviewe

    Measurement of the charge asymmetry in top-quark pair production in proton-proton collisions at s=7\sqrt{s}=7 TeV

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    The difference in angular distributions between top quarks and antiquarks, commonly referred to as the charge asymmetry, is measured in pp collisions at the LHC with the CMS experiment. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 1.09 inverse femtobarns at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. Top-quark pairs are selected in the final state with an electron or muon and four or more jets. At least one jet is identified as originating from b-quark hadronization. The charge asymmetry is measured in two variables, one based on the pseudorapidities (eta) of the top quarks and the other on their rapidities (y). The results A[C,eta] = -0.017 +/- 0.032 (stat.) + [+0.025/-0.036] (syst.) and A[C,y] = -0.013 +/- 0.028 (stat.) + [+0.029/-0.031] (syst.) are consistent within uncertainties with the standard-model predictions.Peer Reviewe

    Event shapes and azimuthal correlations in ZZ + jets events in pppp collisions at s=7\sqrt{s}=7 TeV

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    Measurements of event shapes and azimuthal correlations are presented for events where a Z boson is produced in association with jets in proton-proton collisions. The data collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV correspond to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 inverse femtobarns. The analysis provides a test of predictions from perturbative QCD for a process that represents a substantial background to many physics channels. Results are presented as a function of jet multiplicity, for inclusive Z boson production and for Z bosons with transverse momenta greater than 150 GeV, and compared to predictions from Monte Carlo event generators that include leading-order multiparton matrix-element (with up to four hard partons in the final state) and next-to-leading-order simulations of Z + 1-jet events. The experimental results are corrected for detector effects, and can be compared directly with other QCD models.Peer Reviewe

    Search in leptonic channels for heavy resonances decaying to long-lived neutral particles

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    A search is performed for heavy resonances decaying to two long-lived massive neutral particles, each decaying to leptons. The experimental signature is a distinctive topology consisting of a pair of oppositely charged leptons originating at a separated secondary vertex. Events were collected by the CMS detector at the LHC during pp collisions at TeV, and selected from data samples corresponding to 4.1 (5.1) fb(−1) of integrated luminosity in the electron (muon) channel. No significant excess is observed above standard model expectations, and an upper limit is set with 95% confidence level on the production cross section times the branching fraction to leptons, as a function of the long-lived massive neutral particle lifetime.Peer Reviewe
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