1,093 research outputs found

    Top quark mass coupling and classification of weakly-coupled heterotic superstring vacua

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    The quest for the Standard Model among the huge number of string vacua is usually based on a set of phenomenological criteria related to the massless spectrum of string models. In this work we study criteria associated with interactions in the effective low energy theory and in particular with the presence of the coupling that provides mass to the top quark. Working in the context of the Free Fermionic Formulation of the heterotic superstring, we demonstrate that, in a big class of phenomenologically promising Z2Ă—Z2Z_2\times Z_2 compactifications, these criteria can be expressed entirely in terms of the generalised GSO projection coefficients entering the definition of the models. They are shown to be very efficient in identifying phenomenologically viable vacua, especially in the framework of computer-based search, as they are met by approximately one every 10410^4 models. We apply our results in the investigation of a class of supersymmetric Pati-Salam vacua, comprising 101610^{16} configurations, and show that when combined with other phenomenological requirements they lead to a relatively small set of about 10710^7 Standard Model compatible models that can be fully classified.Comment: 13 pages, 1 figure, minor changes, to be published in The European Physical Journal

    The "landscape" of Pati--Salam heterotic superstring vacua

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    The main aspects of a recently developed method for classification of heterotic superstring vacua in the Free Fermionic Formulation are presented. Using these techniques we classify a big number of approximately 101510^{15} heterotic string vacua with Pati--Salam, SU(4)x{SU(2)}_Lx{SU(2)}_R gauge symmetry with respect to their main phenomenological features as the number of families, Pati--Salam breaking Higgs, Standard Model Higgs doublets, additional triplets and exotic charge states. We identify an interesting subclass of these vacua, approximately one to one million, whose massless spectrum is completely free of fractionally charge states.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figues, Presented at "School and Workshops on Cosmology and Strings: Theory-Cosmology-Phenomenology" (CORFU2009), September 6-13, Corfu, Greec

    Hierarchical Neutrino Masses and Mixing in Flipped-SU(5)

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    We consider the problem of neutrino masses and mixing in the framework of flipped SU(5). The right-handed neutrino mass, generated through the operation of a seesaw mechanism by a sector of gauge singlets, leads naturally, at a subsequent level, to the standard seesaw mechanism resulting into three light neutrino states with masses of the desired phenomenological order of magnitude. In this framework we study simple Ansatze for the singlet couplings for which hierarchical neutrino masses emerge naturally, parametrized in terms of the Cabbibo parameter. The resulting neutrino mixing matrices are characterized by a hierarchical structure, in which theta-(13) is always predicted to be the smallest. Finally, we discuss a possible factorized parametrization of the neutrino mass that, in addition to Cabbibo mixing, encodes also mixing due to the singlet sector.Comment: 10 page

    A D-brane inspired U(3)_CxU(3)_LxU(3)_R model

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    Motivated by D-brane scenarios, we consider a non-supersymmetric model based on the gauge symmetry U(3)_CxU(3)_LxU(3)_R$ which is equivalent to the SU(3)^3 ``trinification'' model supplemented by three U(1)s. Two U(1) combinations are anomalous while the third U(1)_Z' is anomaly free and contributes to the hypercharge generator. This hypercharge embedding correspods to sin^2\theta_W=6/19 in the case of full gauge coupling unification. The U(3)^3 symmetry is broken down to the Standard Model by vev's of two (1,3,\bar3)- scalar multiplets supplemented by two Higgs fields in (1,3,1) and (1,1,3) representations. The latter break U(1)_Z' and provide heavy masses to the extra lepton doublets. Fermions belong to (3,\bar 3,1)+(\bar 3,1,3)+ (1,3,\bar 3) representations as in the trinification model. The model predicts a natural quark-lepton hierarchy, since quark masses are obtained from tree-level couplings, while charged leptons receive masses from fourth order Yukawa terms, as a consequence of the extra abelian symmetries. Light Majorana neutrino masses are obtained through a see-saw type mechanism operative at the SU(3)_R breaking scale of the order M_R\ge 10^9 GeV.Comment: 10 pages, 2 figure

    A Pati-Salam model from branes

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    We explore the possibility of embedding the Pati-Salam model in the context of Type I brane models. We study a generic model with U(4)_C x U(2)_L x U(2)_R gauge symmetry and matter fields compatible with a Type I brane configuration. Examining the anomaly cancellation conditions of the surplus abelian symmetries we find an alternative hypercharge embedding that is compatible with a low string/brane scale of the order of 5-7 TeV, when the U(4)_C and U(2)_R brane stack couplings are equal. Proton stability is assured as baryon number is associated to a global symmetry remnant of the broken abelian factors. It is also shown that this scenario can accommodate an extra low energy abelian symmetry that can be associated to lepton number. The issue of fermion and especially neutrino masses is also discussed.Comment: 14 pages, 1 figure, final version to be published in Phys. Lett.

    Higgs Mass Textures in Flipped SU(5)

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    We analyze the Higgs doublet-triplet mass splitting problem in the version of flipped SU(5) derived from string theory. Analyzing non-renormalizable terms up to tenth order in the superpotential, we identify a pattern of field vev's that keeps one pair of electroweak Higgs doublets light, while all other Higgs doublets and all Higgs triplets are kept heavy, with the aid of the economical missing-doublet mechanism found in the field-theoretical version of flipped SU(5). The solution predicts that second-generation charge -1/3 quarks and charged leptons are much lighter than those in the third generation.Comment: 15 pages LaTe

    Classification of the N=2, Z2 X Z2-symmetric type II orbifolds and their type II asymmetric duals

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    Using free world-sheet fermions, we construct and classify all the N=2, Z2 X Z2 four-dimensional orbifolds of the type IIA/B strings for which the orbifold projections act symmetrically on the left and right movers. We study the deformations of these models out of the fermionic point, deriving the partition functions at a generic point in the moduli of the internal torus T6=T2 X T2 X T2. We investigate some of their perturbative and non-perturbative dualities and construct new dual pairs of type IIA/type II asymmetric orbifolds, which are related non-perturbatively and allow us to gain insight into some of the non-perturbative properties of the type IIA/B strings in four dimensions. In particular, we consider some of the (non-)perturbative gravitational corrections.Comment: Latex, 47 pages, no figure
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