3,941 research outputs found

    Signature of Sub GeV Dark Matter particles at LHC and TEVATRON

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    In this letter, we investigate the production of light dark matter particles at LHC in light of the model (N = 2 SUSY inspired) proposed in Ref. [1] and demonstrate that they will be copiously produced if the colored messengers Fq are lighter than 1 TeV. We expect up to a million events if the Fq mass is about 500 GeV, assuming a ~1 inverse fb luminosity. In addition, we show that, even if the Fq mass is above a few TeV, searches for Fq production at LHC are promising because a kinematical signature can be used to separate the signal from background. This signature is similar to that expected in supersymmetric scenarios. Hence, our study shows that most of the Fq mass range could be constrained using LHC data. This should encourage further studies since they could infirm/confirm the MeV DM scenario.Comment: 4 page

    Measuring the SUSY Breaking Scale at the LHC in the Slepton NLSP Scenario of GMSB Models

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    We report a study on the measurement of the SUSY breaking scale sqrt(F) in the framework of gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking (GMSB) models at the LHC. The work is focused on the GMSB scenario where a stau is the next-to-lightest SUSY particle (NLSP) and decays into a gravitino with lifetime c*tau_NLSP in the range 0.5 m to 1 km. We study the identification of long-lived sleptons using the momentum and time of flight measurements in the muon chambers of the ATLAS experiment. A realistic evaluation of the statistical and systematic uncertainties on the measurement of the slepton mass and lifetime is performed, based on a detailed simulation of the detector response. Accessible range and precision on sqrt(F) achievable with a counting method are assessed. Many features of our analysis can be extended to the study of different theoretical frameworks with similar signatures at the LHC.Comment: 28 pages, 12 figures (18 eps files). Revised version v2(published in JHEP): Some important corrections and additions to v

    The full detector simulation for the Atlas experiment: status and outlook

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    The simulation of the ATLAS detector is a major challenge, given the complexity of the detector and the demanding environment of the LHC. The apparatus, one of the biggest and most complex ever designed, requires a detailed, flexible and, if possible, fast simulation which is needed already today to deal with questions related to design optimization, to issues raised by staging scenarios, and of course to enable detailed physics studies to lay the basis for the first physics discoveries. Scalability and robustness stand out as the most critical issues that are to be faced in the implementation of such a simulation. In this paper we present the status of the present simulation and the adopted solutions in terms of speed optimization, centralization of services, framework facilities and persistency solutions. Emphasis is put on the global performance when the different detector components are collected together in a full and detailed simulation. The reference tool adopted is Geant4.Comment: Talk from the 2003 Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics (CHEP03), La Jolla, Ca, USA, March 2003, 6 pages. PSN TUMT00

    Aspects of GMSB Phenomenology at TeV Colliders

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    The status of two on-going studies concerning important aspects of the phenomenology of gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking (GMSB) models at TeV colliders is reported. The first study deals with the characteristics of the light Higgs boson spectrum allowed by the (minimal and non-minimal) GMSB framework. Today's most accurate GMSB model generation and two-loop Feynman-diagrammatic calculation of m_h have been combined. The Higgs masses are shown in dependence of various model parameters at the messenger and electroweak scales. In the minimal model, an upper limit on m_h of about 124 GeV is found for m_t = 175 GeV. The second study is focused on the measurement of the fundamental SUSY breaking scale sqrt(F) at the LHC in the GMSB scenario where a stau is the next-to-lightest SUSY particle (NLSP) and decays into a gravitino with c*tau_NLSP in the range 0.5 m to 1 km. This implies the measurement of mass and lifetime of long lived sleptons. The identification is performed by determining the time of flight in the ATLAS muon chambers. Accessible range and precision on sqrt(F) achievable with a counting method are assessed.Comment: 22 pages, 9 figures (12 eps files). Report of the GMSB SUSY Working Group, Workshop "Physics at TeV Colliders", Les Houches, 7-18 June 1999. Revised version v3: A few typos correcte

    Behaviour of a Geogrid Reinforced Embankment over Waste Material

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    The paper deals with the monitoring of a geogrid reinforced embankment, 5.0 m high and 600 m long, built to contain additional waste material in the municipal landfill in Modena (Northern Italy). The embankment was founded directly over the waste already placed in the landfill, consisting of\u27 compressible and dishomogeneus material, varying from solid urban waste to muddy industrial material. The geotechnical parameters assumed to characterize the fill soil and the waste material of the foundation soil are described. The settlements of the embankment and the forces and strains in the geogrids were monitored from the beginning of the construction until some months later. The instrumentation used in order to perform this control is described. The actual results are compared with those obtained from the design model and with other field tests concerning geogrid reinforced structures

    Heterogeneity of resting and hyperemic myocardial blood flow in healthy humans

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    Objective: Absolute myocardial blood flow (MBF) is not well-defined in large normal populations, and appears to be heterogeneous in both humans and animals. These factors contribute to the difficulties in defining resting MBF to hibernating myocardium. We therefore assessed absolute baseline and hyperemic MBF in a large population of normal humans. Methods: MBF was quantified by positron emission tomography with oxygen-15-labeled water at baseline and during hyperemia induced by either adenosine or dipyridamole in 131 men and 38 women, aged 21-86 (mean 46±12) years. MBF was corrected for workload using the rate-pressure product (RPP). Results: Uncorrected baseline MBF ranged from 0.590 to 2.050 (mean 0.985±0.230) ml/min/g (coefficient of variation=27%), and corrected MBF from 0.736 to 2.428 (mean 1.330±0.316) ml/min/g (coefficient of variation=24%). MBF in the inferior region was significantly (P<0.0001) lower than either the anterior or lateral regions. Baseline MBF in females was significantly (P<0.001) higher than in males. Conclusions: These results confirm the heterogeneity of MBF in normals and highlight the difficulty in establishing the lower limit of normal MB

    Fast shower simulation in the ATLAS calorimeter

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    The time to simulate pp collisions in the ATLAS detector is largely dominated by the showering of electromagnetic particles in the heavy parts of the detector, especially the electromagnetic barrel and endcap calorimeters. Two procedures have been developed to accelerate the processing time of electromagnetic particles in these regions: (1) a fast shower parameterisation and (2) a frozen shower library. Both work by generating the response of the calorimeter to electrons and positrons with Geant 4, and then reintroduce the response into the simulation at runtime. In the fast shower parameterisation technique, a parameterisation is tuned to single electrons and used later by simulation. In the frozen shower technique, actual showers from low-energy particles are used in the simulation. Full Geant 4 simulation is used to develop showers down to ~1 GeV, at which point the shower is terminated by substituting a frozen shower. Judicious use of both techniques over the entire electromagnetic portion of the ATLAS calorimeter produces an important improvement of CPU time. We discuss the algorithms and their performance in this paper

    The ATLAS Simulation: an LHC Challenge

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    The simulation program for the ATLAS experiment at CERN is currently in a full operational mode and integrated into the ATLAS common analysis framework, Athena. The OO approach, based on GEANT4, and in use during the DC2 data challenge has been interfaced within Athena and to GEANT4 using the LCG dictionaries and Python scripting. The robustness of the application was proved during the DC2 data challenge. The Python interface has added the flexibility, modularity and interactivity that the simulation tool requires in order to be able to provide a common implementation of different full ATLAS simulation setups, test beams and cosmic ray applications. Generation, simulation and digitization steps were exercised for performance and robustness tests. The comparison with real data has been possible in the context of the ATLAS Combined Test Beam (2004) and ongoing cosmic ray studies

    La enseñanza de la psicolgía en los estados unidos de norte américa

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    DescripciĂłn del entrenamiento de los psicĂłlogos en Estados Unidos. Sobre los tĂ­tulos universitarios, la investigaciĂłn y las caracterĂ­sticas de los Departamentos de PsicologĂ­a en Estados Unidos - Muestra de los cursos impartidos en la Universidad, divididos por tem
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