5,004 research outputs found

    RESEARCH IN AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS--IS ANYONE LISTENING? DISCUSSION

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    Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies,

    FARM PROGRAMS, PESTICIDE USE, AND SOCIAL COSTS

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    Environmental Economics and Policy,

    THE 2002 FARM BILL: WHAT DOES IT MEAN FOR WESTERN AGRICULTURE?

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    Agricultural and Food Policy,

    IMPACTS OF ALTERNATIVE FARM POLICIES ON RURAL COMMUNITIES

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    The purpose of this study was to describe an LP/IO model for evaluating the economic impacts of alternative farm policies on rural communities and demonstrate its capabilities by analyzing the impacts of three farm policies on a rural community in Texas. Results indicate that in the noncrop sector, two groups of industries are most affected by farm policy. The first group relates to production directly (agricultural services, banking and credit, and nondurable manufacturing) and the second group relates to households (retail trade and services). Farm policies which reduce production but increase net returns cause losses for the first group while benefitting the second group. Both groups are made worse off by farm policies which reduce agricultural production and the value of output.Agricultural and Food Policy, Community/Rural/Urban Development,

    DEMAND FOR FEED GRAINS AND CONCENTRATES BY LIVESTOCK CATEGORY

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    Livestock feed demand is a collection of derived feed demands by various livestock categories. A structural understanding of demand for feed grains and total concentrates requires knowledge of separate feed demand relationships for each major livestock category. While a number of aggregate livestock feed demand relationships have been estimated, little is known about the structure of feed demand by livestock type. In this study unique livestock feed demand relationships for feed grains and total concentrates are estimated for each of seven major livestock categories. The estimated relationships show substantial differences in elasticities of concentrate and feed grain feed demand with respect to livestock price across livestock groups. Using feed demand parameters by livestock category enables analysts to evaluate policy effects of changes in feed demand quantities and feed costs within the livestock economy, as well as to provide more reliable estimates of the total change in feed demand.Livestock Production/Industries,

    Financial Conditions on U.S. Cotton Farms

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    For the last three years, U.S. cotton producers have been heavily dependent on ad hoc emergency disaster and market loss assistance to cash flow their operations. They have not been alone. Wheat, feed grains, oilseeds and rice producers have also been faced with low commodity prices, adverse weather and the need for substantial government assistance. Price support and direct payments by CCC for fiscal years 1998-2000 averaged $17.5 billion per year (USDA Ag Outlook). Has U.S. program crop agriculture turned the corner or will additional government payments likely be needed to sustain a vulnerable sector? This paper will focus on the outlook for the Agricultural and Food Policy Center’s (AFPC’s) representative cotton farms over the period 2001-2005. The results reported herein are drawn from AFPC Working Paper 00-4 which goes into greater depth on all 82 representative farms and ranches modeled by AFPC.Agribusiness, Agricultural and Food Policy, Crop Production/Industries,

    PRODUCER'S PREFERENCE FOR A COTTON FARMER OWNED RESERVE: AN APPLICATION OF SIMULATION AND STOCHASTIC DOMINANCE

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    The benefits to a typical High Plains cotton farmer from a cotton farmer owned reserve were estimated using a firm-level, income tax and farm policy simulation model. Eighteen farm programs were simulated including twelve variations of a farmer owned reserve using different entry prices and trigger prices. The after-tax net present value distributions for the different farm programs were compared using stochastic dominance. The results indicate that risk averse cotton producers should prefer the 1977 farm program to either a cotton farmer owned reserve or the farm program proposed by Secretary of Agriculture Block.Crop Production/Industries,

    Risk, Research, and Returns: Valuation of the Potential of Improved Citrus Cultivars

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    Replaced with revised version of paper 02/04/08.Crop Production/Industries, Research Methods/ Statistical Methods, Risk and Uncertainty,
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