107 research outputs found

    Secondary atmospheric tau neutrino production

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    We evaluate the flux of tau neutrinos produced from the decay of pair produced taus from incident muons using a cascade equation analysis. To solve the cascade equations, our numerical result for the tau production ZZ moment is given. Our results for the flux of tau neutrinos produced from incident muons are compared to the flux of tau neutrinos produced via oscillations and the direct prompt atmospheric tau neutrino flux. Results are given for both downward and upward going neutrinos fluxes and higher zenith angles are discussed. We conclude that the direct prompt atmospheric tau neutrino flux dominates these other atmospheric sources of tau neutrinos for neutrino energies larger than a few TeV for upward fluxes, and over a wider range of energy for downward fluxes.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figure

    Prompt neutrinos and intrinsic charm at SHiP

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    We present a new evaluation of the far-forward neutrino plus antineutrino flux and number of events from charm hadron decays in a 400 GeV proton beam dump experiment like the Search for Hidden Particles (SHiP). Using next-to-leading order perturbative QCD and a model for intrinsic charm, we include intrinsic transverse momentum effects and other kinematic angular corrections. We compare this flux to a far-forward flux evaluated with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD, without intrinsic transverse momentum, that used the angular distribution of charm quarks rather than the neutrinos from their decays. The tau neutrino plus antineutrino number of events in the perturbative QCD evaluation is reduced by a factor of about three when intrinsic transverse momentum and the full decay kinematics are included. We show that intrinsic charm contributions can significantly enhance the number of events from neutrinos from charm hadron decays. Measurements of the number of events from tau neutrino plus antineutrino interactions and of the muon charge asymmetry as a function of energy can be used to constrain intrinsic charm models.Comment: 39 pages, 18 figures; v2 with revisions of text for clarity, version to be published in JHE

    Quark mass effects in high energy neutrino nucleon scattering

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    We evaluate the neutrino nucleon charged current cross section at next-to-leading order in quantum chromodynamic corrections in the variable flavor number scheme and the fixed flavor number scheme, taking into account quark masses. The number scheme dependence is largest at the highest energies considered here, 101210^{12} GeV, where the cross sections differ by approximately 15 percent. We illustrate the numerical implications of the inconsistent application of the fixed flavor number scheme.Comment: 8 pages, 8 figures, v2: updated pdfs, version accepted for publicatio

    Reconciling neutrino flux from heavy dark matter decay and recent events at IceCube

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    The IceCube detector has recently reported the observation of 28 events at previously unexplored energies. While the statistics of the observed events are still low, these events hint at the existence of a neutrino flux over and above the atmospheric neutrino background. We investigate the possibility that a significant component of the additional neutrino flux originates due to the decay of a very heavy dark matter (VHDM) particle via several possible channels into standard model particles. We show that a combination of a power law astrophysical neutrino spectrum and the neutrino flux from the decay of a DM species of mass in the range 150400150-400 TeV improves the fit to the observed neutrino events than that obtained from a best-fit astrophysical flux alone. Assuming the existence of an astrophysical background described by the IC best-fit, we also show that, for the decay of even heavier DM particles (mDM1m_{\text{DM}} \sim 1 PeV), the same observations impose significant constraints on the decay lifetimes. Allowing the astrophysical flux normalization to vary leads to modifications of these limits, however, there is still a range of dark matter mass and lifetime that is excluded by the IC results.Comment: v1: 8 pages, 2 figures, 2 tables. v2: Minimization over three-parameters (DM mass, lifetime and astrophysical power-law flux normalization); better statistical quantification of fit-goodness; conclusions unchanged; 15 pg, 3 figs, 2 tables; version to appear in JHE

    Ultrahigh Energy Neutrinos

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    The ultrahigh energy neutrino cross section is well understood in the standard model for neutrino energies up to 1012^{12} GeV. Test of neutrino oscillations (νμντ\nu_\mu\leftrightarrow\nu_\tau) from extragalactic sources of neutrinos are possible with large underground detectors. Measurments of horizontal air shower event rates at neutrino energies above 1010^{10} GeV will be able to constrain nonstandard model contributions to the neutrino-nucleon cross section, e.g., from mini-black hole production.Comment: 7 pages, presented at Neutrinos and Implications for Physics Beyond the Standard Model, Stony Brook, NY, October 11-13, 200

    Charm decay in slow-jet supernovae as the origin of the IceCube ultra-high energy neutrino events

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    We investigate whether the recent ultra-high energy (UHE) neutrino events detected at the IceCube neutrino observatory could come from the decay of charmed mesons produced within the mildly relativistic jets of supernova-like astrophysical sources. We demonstrate that the 5.7σ5.7\sigma excess of neutrinos observed by IceCube in the energy range 30 TeV--2 PeV can be explained by a diffuse flux of neutrinos produced in such slow-jet supernovae, using the values of astrophysical and QCD parameters within the theoretical uncertainties associated with neutrino production from charmed meson decay in astrophysical sources. We discuss the theoretical uncertainties inherent in the evaluation of charm production in high energy hadronic collisions, as well as the astrophysical uncertainties associated with slow-jet supernova sources. The proton flux within the source, and therefore also the produced neutrino flux, is cut off at around a few PeV, when proton cooling processes become dominant over proton acceleration. This directly explains the sudden drop in event rates at energies above a few PeV. We incorporate the effect of energy dependence in the spectrum-weighted charm production cross-section and show that this has a very significant effect on the shape, magnitude and cut-off energies for the neutrino flux.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    Muon Fluxes and Showers from Dark Matter Annihilation in the Galactic Center

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    We calculate contained and upward muon flux and contained shower event rates from neutrino interactions, when neutrinos are produced from annihilation of the dark matter in the Galactic Center. We consider model-independent direct neutrino production and secondary neutrino production from the decay of taus, W bosons and bottom quarks produced in the annihilation of dark matter. We illustrate how muon flux from dark matter annihilation has a very different shape than the muon flux from atmospheric neutrinos. We also discuss the dependence of the muon fluxes on the dark matter density profile and on the dark matter mass and of the total muon rates on the detector threshold. We consider both the upward muon flux, when muons are created in the rock below the detector, and the contained flux when muons are created in the (ice) detector. We also calculate the event rates for showers from neutrino interactions in the detector and show that the signal dominates over the background for 150GeV<mχ<1150 {\rm GeV} <m_\chi < 1 TeV for Eshth=100E_{sh}^{th} = 100 GeV.Comment: 13 pages, 14 figures, 3 tables; Fig. 14 replaced and references added; new table and references added, discussion extended, version accepted for publication in Phys Rev

    Neutrino Cross Sections: Interface of shallow- and deep-inelastic scattering for collider neutrinos

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    Neutrino experiments in a Forward Physics Facility at the Large Hadron Collider can measure neutrino and antineutrino cross sections for energies up to a few TeV. For neutrino energies below 100 GeV, the inelastic cross section evaluations have contributions from weak structure functions at low momentum transfers and low hadronic final state invariant mass. To evaluate the size of these contributions to the neutrino cross section, we use a parametrization of the electron-proton structure function, adapted for neutrino scattering, augmented with a correction to account for the partial conservation of the axial vector current, and normalized to structure functions evaluated at next-to-leading order in QCD, with target mass corrections and heavy quark corrections. We compare our results with other approaches to account for this kinematic region in neutrino cross section for energies between 10--1000 GeV on isoscalar nucleon and iron targets.Comment: 16 pages, 10 figure