45 research outputs found

    Stone duality above dimension zero: Axiomatising the algebraic theory of C(X)

    Get PDF
    It has been known since the work of Duskin and Pelletier four decades ago that KH^op, the category opposite to compact Hausdorff spaces and continuous maps, is monadic over the category of sets. It follows that KH^op is equivalent to a possibly infinitary variety of algebras V in the sense of Slominski and Linton. Isbell showed in 1982 that the Lawvere-Linton algebraic theory of V can be generated using a finite number of finitary operations, together with a single operation of countably infinite arity. In 1983, Banaschewski and Rosicky independently proved a conjecture of Bankston, establishing a strong negative result on the axiomatisability of KH^op. In particular, V is not a finitary variety--Isbell's result is best possible. The problem of axiomatising V by equations has remained open. Using the theory of Chang's MV-algebras as a key tool, along with Isbell's fundamental insight on the semantic nature of the infinitary operation, we provide a finite axiomatisation of V.Comment: 26 pages. Presentation improve

    Quantifiers on languages and codensity monads

    Full text link
    This paper contributes to the techniques of topo-algebraic recognition for languages beyond the regular setting as they relate to logic on words. In particular, we provide a general construction on recognisers corresponding to adding one layer of various kinds of quantifiers and prove a corresponding Reutenauer-type theorem. Our main tools are codensity monads and duality theory. Our construction hinges on a measure-theoretic characterisation of the profinite monad of the free S-semimodule monad for finite and commutative semirings S, which generalises our earlier insight that the Vietoris monad on Boolean spaces is the codensity monad of the finite powerset functor.Comment: 30 pages. Presentation improved and details of several proofs added. The main results are unchange

    A model category for modal logic

    Full text link
    We define Quillen model structures on a family of presheaf toposes arising from tree unravellings of Kripke models, leading to a homotopy theory for modal logic. Modal preservation theorems and the Hennessy-Milner property are revisited from a homotopical perspective.Comment: 25 page

    Codensity, profiniteness and algebras of semiring-valued measures

    Get PDF
    We show that, if S is a finite semiring, then the free profinite S-semimodule on a Boolean Stone space X is isomorphic to the algebra of all S-valued measures on X, which are finitely additive maps from the Boolean algebra of clopens of X to S. These algebras naturally appear in the logic approach to formal languages as well as in idempotent analysis. Whenever S is a (pro)finite idempotent semiring, the S-valued measures are all given uniquely by continuous density functions. This generalises the classical representation of the Vietoris hyperspace of a Boolean Stone space in terms of continuous functions into the Sierpinski space. We adopt a categorical approach to profinite algebra which is based on profinite monads. The latter were first introduced by Adamek et al. as a special case of the notion of codensity monads.Comment: 21 pages. Presentation improved. To appear in the Journal of Pure and Applied Algebr

    Beth definability and the Stone-Weierstrass Theorem

    Full text link
    The Stone-Weierstrass Theorem for compact Hausdorff spaces is a basic result of functional analysis with far-reaching consequences. We show that this theorem is a consequence of the Beth definability property of a certain infinitary equational logic, stating that every implicit definition can be made explicit.Comment: 20 pages. v2: minor changes, added a "Conclusion" sectio

    Model completions for universal classes of algebras: necessary and sufficient conditions

    Get PDF
    Necessary and sufficient conditions are presented for the (first-order) theory of a universal class of algebraic structures (algebras) to admit a model completion, extending a characterization provided by Wheeler. For varieties of algebras that have equationally definable principal congruences and the compact intersection property, these conditions yield a more elegant characterization obtained (in a slightly more restricted setting) by Ghilardi and Zawadowski. Moreover, it is shown that under certain further assumptions on congruence lattices, the existence of a model completion implies that the variety has equationally definable principal congruences. This result is then used to provide necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a model completion for theories of Hamiltonian varieties of pointed residuated lattices, a broad family of varieties that includes lattice-ordered abelian groups and MV-algebras. Notably, if the theory of a Hamiltonian variety of pointed residuated lattices admits a model completion, it must have equationally definable principal congruences. In particular, the theories of lattice-ordered abelian groups and MV-algebras do not have a model completion, as first proved by Glass and Pierce, and Lacava, respectively. Finally, it is shown that certain varieties of pointed residuated lattices generated by their linearly ordered members, including lattice-ordered abelian groups and MV-algebras, can be extended with a binary operation in order to obtain theories that do have a model completion.Comment: 32 page

    Barr-Exact Categories and Soft Sheaf Representations

    Get PDF
    It has long been known that a key ingredient for a sheaf representation of a universal algebra A consists in a distributive lattice of commuting congruences on A. The sheaf representations of universal algebras (over stably compact spaces) that arise in this manner have been recently characterised by Gehrke and van Gool (J. Pure Appl. Algebra, 2018), who identified the central role of the notion of softness. In this paper, we extend the scope of this theory by replacing varieties of algebras with Barr-exact categories, thus encompassing a number of "non-algebraic" examples. Our approach is based on the notion of K-sheaf: intuitively, whereas sheaves are defined on open subsets, K-sheaves are defined on compact ones. Throughout, we consider sheaves on complete lattices rather than spaces; this allows us to obtain point-free versions of sheaf representations whereby spaces are replaced with frames. These results are used to construct sheaf representations for the dual of the category of compact ordered spaces, and to recover Banaschewski and Vermeulen's point-free sheaf representation of commutative Gelfand rings (Quaest. Math., 2011).Comment: 39 pages. v3: presentation improved. Title modified to reflect change in presentatio

    Arboreal Categories and Equi-resource Homomorphism Preservation Theorems

    Full text link
    The classical homomorphism preservation theorem, due to {\L}o\'s, Lyndon and Tarski, states that a first-order sentence ϕ\phi is preserved under homomorphisms between structures if, and only if, it is equivalent to an existential positive sentence ψ\psi. Given a notion of (syntactic) complexity of sentences, an "equi-resource" homomorphism preservation theorem improves on the classical result by ensuring that ψ\psi can be chosen so that its complexity does not exceed that of ϕ\phi. We describe an axiomatic approach to equi-resource homomorphism preservation theorems based on the notion of arboreal category. This framework is then employed to establish novel homomorphism preservation results, and improve on known ones, for various logic fragments, including first-order, guarded and modal logics.Comment: 44 pages. v3: expanded the Introduction, added a new Section 8, changed the title to reflect the focus of the pape

    On the axiomatisability of the dual of compact ordered spaces

    Full text link
    We provide a direct and elementary proof of the fact that the category of Nachbin's compact ordered spaces is dually equivalent to an Aleph_1-ary variety of algebras. Further, we show that Aleph_1 is a sharp bound: compact ordered spaces are not dually equivalent to any SP-class of finitary algebras.Comment: 10 pages. v3: minor changes. To appear in Applied Categorical Structure
    corecore