1,143 research outputs found

    Exclusive electromagnetic production of strangeness on the nucleon : review of recent data in a Regge approach

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    In view of the numerous experimental results recently released, we provide in this letter an update on the performance of our simple Regge model for strangeness electroproduction on the nucleon. Without refitting any parameters, a decent description of all measured observables and channels is achieved. We also give predictions for spin transfer observables, recently measured at Jefferson Lab which have high sensitivity to discriminate between different theoretical approaches.Comment: 5 pages, 5 figure

    A Gravitational Effective Action on a Finite Triangulation

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    We construct a function of the edge-lengths of a triangulated surface whose variation under a rescaling of all the edges that meet at a vertex is the defect angle at that vertex. We interpret this function as a gravitational effective action on the triangulation, and the variation as a trace anomaly.Comment: 5 pages; clarifications, acknowledgements, references adde

    Unified Brane Gravity: Cosmological Dark Matter from Scale Dependent Newton Constant

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    We analyze, within the framework of unified brane gravity, the weak-field perturbations caused by the presence of matter on a 3-brane. Although deviating from the Randall-Sundrum approach, the masslessness of the graviton is still preserved. In particular, the four-dimensional Newton force law is recovered, but serendipitously, the corresponding Newton constant is shown to be necessarily lower than the one which governs FRW cosmology. This has the potential to puzzle out cosmological dark matter. A subsequent conjecture concerning galactic dark matter follows.Comment: 6 pages, to be published in Phys. Rev.

    Degeneracies when T=0 Two Body Interacting Matrix Elements are Set Equal to Zero : Talmi's method of calculating coefficients of fractional parentage to states forbidden by the Pauli principle

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    In a previous work we studied the effects of setting all two body T=0 matrix elements to zero in shell model calculations for 43^{43}Ti (43^{43}Sc) and 44^{44}Ti. The results for 44^{44}Ti were surprisingly good despite the severity of this approximation. In this approximation degeneracies arose in the T=1/2 I=(1/2)1({1/2})^-_1 and (13/2)1({13/2})^-_1 states in 43^{43}Sc and the T=1/2 I=(13/2)2I=({13/2})_2^-, (17/2)1({17/2})^-_1, and (19/2)1({19/2})_1^- in 43^{43}Sc. The T=0 32+3_2^+, 72+7_2^+, 91+9_1^+, and 101+10_1^+ states in 44^{44}Ti were degenerate as well. The degeneracies can be explained by certain 6j symbols and 9j symbols either vanishing or being equal as indeed they are. Previously we used Regge symmetries of 6j symbols to explain these degeneracies. In this work a simpler more physical method is used. This is Talmi's method of calculating coefficients of fractional parentage for identical particles to states which are forbidden by the Pauli principle. This is done for both one particle cfp to handle 6j symbols and two particle cfp to handle 9j symbols. The states can be classified by the dual quantum numbers (Jπ,JνJ_{\pi},J_{\nu})

    Gravity action on the rapidly varying metrics

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    We consider a four-dimensional simplicial complex and the minisuperspace general relativity system described by the metric flat in the most part of the interior of every 4-simplex with exception of a thin layer of thickness ε\propto \varepsilon along the every three-dimensional face where the metric undergoes jump between the two 4-simplices sharing this face. At ε0\varepsilon \to 0 this jump would become discontinuity. Since, however, discontinuity of the (induced on the face) metric is not allowed in general relativity, the terms in the Einstein action tending to infinity at ε0\varepsilon \to 0 arise. In the path integral approach, these terms lead to the pre-exponent factor with \dfuns requiring that the induced on the faces metric be continuous, i. e. the 4-simplices fit on their common faces. The other part of the path integral measure corresponds to the action being the sum of independent terms over the 4-simplices. Therefore this part of the path integral measure is the product of independent measures over the 4-simplices. The result obtained is in accordance with our previous one obtained from the symmetry considerations.Comment: 10 page

    Finite size scaling in Villain's fully frustrated model and singular effects of plaquette disorder

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    The ground state and low T behavior of two-dimensional spin systems with discrete binary couplings are subtle but can be analyzed using exact computations of finite volume partition functions. We first apply this approach to Villain's fully frustrated model, unveiling an unexpected finite size scaling law. Then we show that the introduction of even a small amount of disorder on the plaquettes dramatically changes the scaling laws associated with the T=0 critical point.Comment: Latex with 3 ps figures. Last versio

    Invariants of 2+1 Quantum Gravity

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    In [1,2] we established and discussed the algebra of observables for 2+1 gravity at both the classical and quantum level. Here our treatment broadens and extends previous results to any genus gg with a systematic discussion of the centre of the algebra. The reduction of the number of independent observables to 6g6(g>1)6g-6 (g > 1) is treated in detail with a precise classification for g=1g = 1 and g=2g = 2.Comment: 10 pages, plain TEX, no figures, DFTT 46/9

    Multi-Dimensional Astrophysical Structural and Dynamical Analysis I. Development of a Nonlinear Finite Element Approach

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    A new field of numerical astrophysics is introduced which addresses the solution of large, multidimensional structural or slowly-evolving problems (rotating stars, interacting binaries, thick advective accretion disks, four dimensional spacetimes, etc.). The technique employed is the Finite Element Method (FEM), commonly used to solve engineering structural problems. The approach developed herein has the following key features: 1. The computational mesh can extend into the time dimension, as well as space, perhaps only a few cells, or throughout spacetime. 2. Virtually all equations describing the astrophysics of continuous media, including the field equations, can be written in a compact form similar to that routinely solved by most engineering finite element codes. 3. The transformations that occur naturally in the four-dimensional FEM possess both coordinate and boost features, such that (a) although the computational mesh may have a complex, non-analytic, curvilinear structure, the physical equations still can be written in a simple coordinate system independent of the mesh geometry. (b) if the mesh has a complex flow velocity with respect to coordinate space, the transformations will form the proper arbitrary Lagrangian- Eulerian advective derivatives automatically. 4. The complex difference equations on the arbitrary curvilinear grid are generated automatically from encoded differential equations. This first paper concentrates on developing a robust and widely-applicable set of techniques using the nonlinear FEM and presents some examples.Comment: 28 pages, 9 figures; added integral boundary conditions, allowing very rapidly-rotating stars; accepted for publication in Ap.
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