2,259 research outputs found

    Relevant energy ranges for astrophysical reaction rates

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    Effective energy windows (Gamow windows) of astrophysical reaction rates for (p,gamma), (p,n), (p,alpha), (alpha,gamma), (alpha,n), (alpha,p), (n,gamma), (n,p), and (n,alpha) on targets with 10<=Z<=83 from proton- to neutron-dripline are calculated using theoretical cross sections. It is shown that widely used approximation formulas for the relevant energy ranges are not valid for a large number of reactions relevant to hydrostatic and explosive nucleosynthesis. The influence of the energy dependence of the averaged widths on the location of the Gamow windows is discussed and the results presented in tabular form (also at http://download.nucastro.org/astro/gamow/).Comment: 8 pages, 12 figures; ASCII table of results at http://download.nucastro.org/astro/gamow/ ; slightly revised text, to appear in Phys. Rev.

    Nuclear Reactions For Nucleosynthesis Beyond Fe

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    Many more nuclear transitions have to be known in the determination of stellar reactivities for trans-iron nucleosynthesis than for reactions of light nuclei. This requires different theoretical and experimental approaches. Some of the issues specific for trans-iron nucleosynthesis are discussed.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures; invited talk at Int. Conf. on "Nuclear Structure and Dynamics III", June 14-19, 2015, Portoroz, Slovenia; to appear in AIP Conf. Pro

    Astrophysical Rates for Explosive Nucleosynthesis: Stellar and Laboratory Rates for Exotic Nuclei

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    A selected overview of stellar effects and reaction mechanisms with relevance to the prediction of astrophysical reaction rates far off stability is provided.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures (contining 2 subfigures each); Proceedings of 10th Intl. Conference on Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions, Beijing, China, August 2009; to appear in Nuclear Physics

    Differences between stellar and laboratory reaction cross sections

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    Nuclear reactions proceed differently in stellar plasmas than in the laboratory due to the thermal effects in the plasma. On one hand, a target nucleus is bombarded by projectiles distributed in energy with a distribution defined by the plasma temperature. The most relevant energies are low by nuclear physics standards and thus require an improved description of low-energy properties, such as optical potentials, required for the calculation of reaction cross sections. Recent studies of low-energy cross sections suggest the necessity of a modification of the proton optical potential. On the other hand, target nuclei are in thermal equilibrium with the plasma and this modifies their reaction cross sections. It is generally expected that this modification is larger for endothermic reactions. We show that there are many exceptions to this rule.Comment: 4 pages, Proceedings of Nuclear Physics in Astrophysics 4, Frascati, Italy; to appear in J. Phys. Conf. Serie

    The Importance of Parity-Dependence of the Nuclear Level Density in the Prediction of Astrophysical Reaction Rates

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    A simple description for obtaining the parity distribution of nuclear levels in the pf + g9/2 shell as a function of excitation energy was recently derived. We implement this in a global nuclear level density model. In the framework of the statistical model, cross sections and astrophysical reaction rates are calculated in the Fe region and compared to rates obtained with the common assumption of an equal distribution of parities. We find considerable differences, especially for reactions involving particles in the exit channel.Comment: 4 pages, to appear in the proceedings of CGS11 (Prague), World Scientifi
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