2 research outputs found

    Physiological antioxidant system and oxidative stress in stomach cancer patients with normal renal and hepatic function

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    Role of free radicals has been proposed in the pathogenesis of many diseases. Gastric cancer is a common disease worldwide, and leading cause of cancer death in India. Severe oxidative stress produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induces uncontrolled lipid peroxidation. Albumin, uric acid (UA) and Bilirubin are important physiological antioxidants. We aimed to evaluate and assess the role of oxidative stress (OS) and physiological antioxidant system in stomach cancer patients. Lipid peroxidation measured as plasma Thio Barbituric Acid Reactive substances (TBARS), was found to be elevated significantly (p=0.001) in stomach cancer compared to controls along with a decrease in plasma physiological antioxidant system. The documented results were due to increased lipid peroxidation and involvement of physiological antioxidants in scavenging free radicals but not because of impaired hepatic and renal functions

    Oxidative stress in haemodialysis: immediate changes caused by passage of blood through the dialyser

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    Oxygen free radicals have been implicated in the long-term complications of maintenance haemodialysis. Studies that have probed into the mechanisms of oxygen radical production have implicated the bio-incompatibility of dialysis membranes. Changes between the arterial (inlet) and venous (outlet) points of a dialyser may give a better picture of blood-membrane interaction. There are very few studies on changes across the dialyser. Hence. it was planned to study the immediate changes that occur due to passage of blood through the dialyser. Changes between the arterial and venous ends of the dialyser after 1 h of dialysis were studied in four combinations of dialysate and membrane. There was a significant decrease in plasma vitamin E concentrations in all the groups during first-use dialysis. This was not observed with re-use dialysis. A decrease in plasma lipid peroxides was also observed in all the groups with both first and re-use dialysis. There was no significant difference in the parameters studied among the four types of dialysis. A less severe, reactive oxygen radical generation was observed with re-use of membranes