2,225 research outputs found

    The Neoliberal City and the Neighborhood: the Case of the Lindsay Heights Redevelopment Project

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    ABSTRACT THE NEOLIBERAL CITY AND THE NEIGHBORHOOD: THE CASE OF THE LINDSAY HEIGHTS REDEVELOPMENT PROJECT by Rodney Ranken The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2013 Under the Supervision of Professor Anne Bonds A 1994 Fannie Mae report on poverty in America identified 20 census tracts in the city of Milwaukee that had the third fastest rate of growth in poverty in the nation, behind only areas in Detroit and Los Angeles. This prompted The Wisconsin Housing and Economic Development Authority (WHEDA) to initiate a redevelopment program that came to be known as Lindsay Heights. This study will ascertain what the impetus was for the Lindsay Heights Redevelopment Project and analyze the role that neoliberal governance played in its implementation. I will also examine how ideas of nostalgia and branding of the neighborhood played a role in this process. This study will also, through quantitative analysis, ascertain whether the project has achieved its stated goals and, through the use of MPROP block level data, evaluate how the project has affected the community. The Lindsay Heights project seems to have had some measurable success in attaining its goals. Property values went up disproportionately when compared to the city of Milwaukee as a whole; the tax base increased; and over 160 vacant sites were filled. By introducing new construction to neighborhoods whose existing housing stock was built mostly around the turn of the last century, developers virtually guaranteed that the neighborhoods where these new homes were built would be mixed-income, due to the drastic differences in home value between new and existing homes. In addition, the installation of new homes in the project area has increased owner-occupancy rates and had the effect of increasing the value of existing homes. This study shows how the redevelopment of Milwaukee\u27s Lindsay Heights neighborhood is the result of a particular form of neoliberalism that manifests itself through slightly nuanced neoliberal processes such as quasi-public-private partnerships, as well as specific branding of the city--and the Lindsay Heights neighborhood--that embraces working class values and New Urbanist development philosophies. The branding of the city as a genuine American city and the promotion of New Urbanist ideology allowed city leaders to trade on Milwaukee\u27s working class heritage to create a sense of place that promoted hard work and perseverance over government handouts. It is clear that the Lindsay Heights project has been successful in achieving many of its goals while working within the framework of traditional neoliberalism; however, it is not clear that the project addressed the core issues, such as poverty, that caused the initial decline of the neighborhood

    Constraints on the χ_(c1) versus χ_(c2) polarizations in proton-proton collisions at √s = 8 TeV

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    The polarizations of promptly produced χ_(c1) and χ_(c2) mesons are studied using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC, in proton-proton collisions at √s=8  TeV. The χ_c states are reconstructed via their radiative decays χ_c → J/ψγ, with the photons being measured through conversions to e⁺e⁻, which allows the two states to be well resolved. The polarizations are measured in the helicity frame, through the analysis of the χ_(c2) to χ_(c1) yield ratio as a function of the polar or azimuthal angle of the positive muon emitted in the J/ψ → μ⁺μ⁻ decay, in three bins of J/ψ transverse momentum. While no differences are seen between the two states in terms of azimuthal decay angle distributions, they are observed to have significantly different polar anisotropies. The measurement favors a scenario where at least one of the two states is strongly polarized along the helicity quantization axis, in agreement with nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics predictions. This is the first measurement of significantly polarized quarkonia produced at high transverse momentum