1,590 research outputs found

    SIMP (Strongly Interacting Massive Particle) Search

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    We consider laboratory experiments that can detect stable, neutral strongly interacting massive particles (SIMPs). We explore the SIMP annihilation cross section from its minimum value (restricted by cosmological bounds) to the barn range, and vary the mass values from a GeV to a TeV. We also consider the prospects and problems of detecting such particles at the Tevatron.Comment: Latex. 7 pages, 1 eps figure. Proceedings to the 4th UCLA Symposium on Dark Matter DM2000, Marina del Rey, CA, USA, Feb. 23-25, 200

    Spontaneous Parity Violation in SUSY Strong Gauge Theory

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    We suggest simple models of spontaneous parity violation in supersymmetric strong gauge theory. We focus on left-right symmetric model and investigate vacuum with spontaneous parity violation. Non-perturbative effects are calculable in supersymmetric gauge theory, and we suggest two new models. The first model shows confinement, and the second model has a dual description of the theory. The left-right symmetry breaking and electroweak symmetry breaking are simultaneously occurred with the suitable energy scale hierarchy. The second model also induces spontaneous supersymmetry breaking.Comment: 14 page

    Phenomenological Consequences of sub-leading Terms in See-Saw Formulas

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    Several aspects of next-to-leading (NLO) order corrections to see-saw formulas are discussed and phenomenologically relevant situations are identified. We generalize the formalism to calculate the NLO terms developed for the type I see-saw to variants like the inverse, double or linear see-saw, i.e., to cases in which more than two mass scales are present. In the standard type I case with very heavy fermion singlets the sub-leading terms are negligible. However, effects in the percent regime are possible when sub-matrices of the complete neutral fermion mass matrix obey a moderate hierarchy, e.g. weak scale and TeV scale. Examples are cancellations of large terms leading to small neutrino masses, or inverse see-saw scenarios. We furthermore identify situations in which no NLO corrections to certain observables arise, namely for mu-tau symmetry and cases with a vanishing neutrino mass. Finally, we emphasize that the unavoidable unitarity violation in see-saw scenarios with extra fermions can be calculated with the formalism in a straightforward manner.Comment: 22 pages, matches published versio

    A Sharp Inequality of Markov Type for Polynomials Associated with Laguerre Weight

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    AbstractThe best possible constant An in an inequality of Markov type [ddx(e−xpn(x))][0, ∞)⩽An‖e−xpn(x)‖[0, ∞), where ‖·‖[0, ∞) denotes the sup-norm on the half real line [0, ∞) and pn is an arbitrary polynomial of degree at most n, is determined in terms of the weighted Chebyshev polynomials associated with the Laguerre weight e−x on [0, ∞)

    Gauged Flavor Group with Left-Right Symmetry

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    We construct an anomaly-free extension of the left-right symmetric model, where the maximal flavor group is gauged and anomaly cancellation is guaranteed by adding new vectorlike fermion states. We address the question of the lowest allowed flavor symmetry scale consistent with data. Because of the mechanism recently pointed out by Grinstein et al. tree-level flavor changing neutral currents turn out to play a very weak constraining role. The same occurs, in our model, for electroweak precision observables. The main constraint turns out to come from WR-mediated flavor changing neutral current box diagrams, primarily K - Kbar mixing. In the case where discrete parity symmetry is present at the TeV scale, this constraint implies lower bounds on the mass of vectorlike fermions and flavor bosons of 5 and 10 TeV respectively. However, these limits are weakened under the condition that only SU(2)_R x U(1)_{B-L} is restored at the TeV scale, but not parity. For example, assuming the SU(2) gauge couplings in the ratio gR/gL approx 0.7 allows the above limits to go down by half for both vectorlike fermions and flavor bosons. Our model provides a framework for accommodating neutrino masses and, in the parity symmetric case, provides a solution to the strong CP problem. The bound on the lepton flavor gauging scale is somewhat stronger, because of Big Bang Nucleosynthesis constraints. We argue, however, that the applicability of these constraints depends on the mechanism at work for the generation of neutrino masses.Comment: 1+23 pages, 1 table, 5 figures. v3: some more textual fixes (main change: discussion of Lepton Flavor Violating observables rephrased). Matches journal versio

    Mirror Dark Matter

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    There appear to be three challenges that any theory of dark matter must face: (i) why is ΩDM\Omega_{DM} of the same order as ΩBaryons\Omega_{Baryons} ? (ii) what are the near solar mass objects (0.5M\sim 0.5 M_{\odot}) observed by the MACHO microlensing project ? and (iii) understanding the shallow core density profile of the halos of dwarf as well as low surface brightness galaxies. The popular cold dark matter candidates, the SUSY LSP and the axion fail to meet these challenges. We argue that in the mirror model suggested recently to explain the neutrino anomalies, the mirror baryons being 15-20 times heavier than familiar baryons, can play the role of the cold dark matter and provide reasonable explanation of all three above properties without extra assumptions.Comment: Latex, 10 pages; Invited talk presented in PASCOS99 workshop, held in Lake Tahoe, Dec. 1999 and DM2000 workshop held in Los Angeles, February, 200

    Strong Sphalerons and Electroweak Baryogenesis

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    We analyze the spontaneous baryogenesis and charge transport mechanisms suggested by Cohen, Kaplan and Nelson for baryon asymmetry generation in extended versions of electroweak theory. We find that accounting for non-perturbative chirality-breaking transitions due to strong sphalerons reduces the baryonic asymmetry by the factor (mt/πT)2(m_t/\pi T)^2 or αW\alpha_W, provided those processes are in thermal equilibrium.Comment: CERN-TH.7080/9

    S3 as a flavour symmetry for quarks and leptons after the Daya Bay result on \theta 13

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    We present a model based on the flavour group S3 X Z3 X Z6 to explain the main features of fermion masses and mixing. In particular, in the neutrino sector the breaking of the S3 symmetry is responsible for a naturally small r=\Delta m^2_sol/\Delta m^2_atm and suitable next-to-leading order corrections bring \theta 13 at the level of ~ 0.13, fully compatible with the recent Daya Bay result. In the quark sector, the model accommodates the different mass hierarchies in the up and down quark sectors as well as the Cabibbo angle and Vcb (or Vub, depending on the charge assignment of the right-handed b-quark) in the correct range.Comment: 15 pages, 3 figure

    Dynamical R-parity Breaking at the LHC

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    In a class of extensions of the minimal supersymmetric standard model with (B-L)/left-right symmetry that explains the neutrino masses, breaking R-parity symmetry is an essential and dynamical requirement for successful gauge symmetry breaking. Two consequences of these models are: (i) a new kind of R-parity breaking interaction that protects proton stability but adds new contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay and (ii) an upper bound on the extra gauge and parity symmetry breaking scale which is within the large hadron collider (LHC) energy range. We point out that an important prediction of such theories is a potentially large mixing between the right-handed charged lepton (ece^c) and the superpartner of the right-handed gauge boson (W~R+\widetilde W_R^+), which leads to a brand new class of R-parity violating interactions of type μc~νμcec\widetilde{\mu^c}^\dagger\nu_\mu^c e^c and \widetilde{d^c}^\dagger\u^c e^c. We analyze the relevant constraints on the sparticle mass spectrum and the LHC signatures for the case with smuon/stau NLSP and gravitino LSP. We note the "smoking gun" signals for such models to be lepton flavor/number violating processes: ppμ±μ±e+ejjpp\to \mu^\pm\mu^\pm e^+e^-jj (or τ±τ±e+ejj\tau^\pm\tau^\pm e^+e^-jj) and ppμ±e±bbˉjjpp\to\mu^\pm e^\pm b \bar{b} jj (or τ±e±bbˉjj\tau^\pm e^\pm b \bar{b} jj) without significant missing energy. The predicted multi-lepton final states and the flavor structure make the model be distinguishable even in the early running of the LHC.Comment: 30 pages, 13 figures, 6 tables, reference adde

    Two Simple W' Models for the Early LHC

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    W' gauge bosons are good candidates for early LHC discovery. We define two reference models, one containing a W'_R and one containing a W'_L, which may serve as ``simplified models'' for presenting experimental results of W' searches at the LHC. We present the Tevatron bounds on each model and compute the constraints from precision electroweak observables. We find that indirect low-energy constraints on the W'_L are quite strong. However, for a W'_R coupling to right-handed fermions there exists a sizeable region in parameter space beyond the bounds from the Tevatron and low-energy precision measurements where even 50 inverse picobarns of integrated LHC luminosity are sufficient to discover the W'_R. The most promising final states are two leptons and two jets, or one lepton recoiling against a ``neutrino jet''. A neutrino jet is a collimated object consisting of a hard lepton and two jets arising from the decay of a highly boosted massive neutrino.Comment: 20 pages, 8 figures. v2: references adde
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