1,805 research outputs found

    Advances in the Development of Micropattern Gaseous Detectors with Resistive Electrodes

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    We describe the most recent efforts made by various groups in implementing resistive electrodes in micropattern gaseous detectors with the aim to combine in the same design the best features of RPCs (for the example, their robustness and spark protection property) with the high granularity and thus the good position resolution offered by microelectronic technology. In the stream of this activity, we have recently developed two novel detectors with resistive electrodes: one was based on resistive micromeshes and the second one is a MSGC with resistive electrodes. We have demonstrated that the resistive meshes are a convenient construction element for various designs of spark protective detectors: RPCs type, GEM type and MICROMEGAS type. These new detectors enable to considerably enhance the RPC and micropattern detectors applications since they feature not only a high position resolution but also a relatively good energy resolution (25-30 persent FWHM at 6 keV) and, if necessary, they can operate in cascaded mode allowing the achievement of a high overall gas gain. The main conclusion from these studies is that the implementation of resistive electrodes in micropattern detectors makes them fully spark protected; on this basis we consider this direction very promising

    A needlet-based approach to the shower-mode data analysis in the ARGO-YBJ experiment

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    The ARGO-YBJ experiment, located at the Yangbajing Cosmic Ray Laboratory (Tibet, 4300 m a.s.l., 606 g/cm2), is an EAS-array exploiting the full coverage approach at high altitude. The large field of view (2 sr) and the low energy threshold (few hundreds of GeV) result in a trigger rate of ∼3.5kHz and ∼1011EAS collected per year. Such a data set contains signals laying on different angular scales: point-like and extended gamma-ray sources, as well as large and intermediate scale cosmic-ray anisotropies. The separation of all these contributions is crucial, mostly when they overlap with each other. Needlets are a new form of spherical wavelets that have recently drawn a lot of attention in the cosmological literature, especially in connection with the analysis of CMB data. Needlets enjoy a number of important statistical and numerical properties which suggest that they can be very effective in handling cosmic-ray and gamma-ray data analysis. An unprecedented application to astroparticle physics is shown here. In particular, we focus on their use for background estimation, which is expected to be optimal or nearly-optimal in a well-defined mathematical sense, and for point-source detection. This technique is applied here to the ARGO-YBJ data set, stressing its advantages with respect to standard methods

    Elemental Analysis of Glass and Bakelite Electrodes Using PIXE Facility

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    The evolution of particle detectors dates back to the discovery of X-rays and radioactivity in 1890s. In detector history, the Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) are introduced in early 1980s. An RPC is a gaseous detector made up of two parallel electrodes having high resistivity like that of glass and bakelite. Currently several high energy physics experiments are using RPC-based detector system due to robustness and simplicity of construction. In each and every experiment, RPCs have to run continuously for several years. So, it demands an in-depth characterization of the electrode materials. In the present study, an elemental analysis of locally available glass and bakelite samples is done using PIXE facility available at Panjab University Cyclotron, Chandigarh. PIXE measurements are done using 2.7 MeV proton beam incident on the electrode sample target. The constituent elements present in these electrode samples are reported.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figures, 1 table; Presented in XXII DAE-BRNS High Energy Physics Symposium 201

    Thermal and fast neutron dosimetry using artificial single crystal diamond detectors

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    In this work we propose the artificial Single Crystal Diamond (SCD) detector covered with a thin layer (0.5 μm/4 μm) of 6LiF as a simultaneous thermal and fast neutron fluence monitor. Some interesting properties of the diamond response versus the neutron energy are evidenced thanks to Monte Carlo simulation using the MCNPX code which allows to propose the diamond detector also as an ambient dose equivalent (H(10)) monitor (REM counter). © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

    Ageing test of the ATLAS RPCs at X5-GIF

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    An ageing test of three ATLAS production RPC stations is in course at X5-GIF, the CERN irradiation facility. The chamber efficiencies are monitored using cosmic rays triggered by a scintillator hodoscope. Higher statistics measurements are made when the X5 muon beam is available. We report here the measurements of the efficiency versus operating voltage at different source intensities, up to a maximum counting rate of about 700Hz/cm^2. We describe the performance of the chambers during the test up to an overall ageing of 4 ATLAS equivalent years corresponding to an integrated charge of 0.12C/cm^2, including a safety factor of 5.Comment: 4 pages. Presented at the VII Workshop on Resistive Plate Chambers and Related Detectors; Clermont-Ferrand October 20th-22nd, 200

    Evaluation of the imaging performance of the TECNOMUSE muon tomograph and its feasibility in a real scenario

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    Muon tomography is a very promising imaging technique for the control of cargo containers. It takes advantage of cosmic muons and their interaction mechanisms to reconstruct images of the volume traversed by these particles. In the present work, the imaging performance of a novelmuon tomography scanner based on resistive plate chambers detectors is investigated. By means of several Monte Carlo simulations, some imaging parameters are evaluated. The results in terms of spatial resolution, field-of-view and volume and material recognition make the presented scanner and its geometry suitable for muon tomograph

    The first level muon trigger in the central toroid of the ATLAS experiment

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    We present the design of the first level muon trigger in the central toroid of the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). A trigger is foreseen based on fast, finely segmented gaseous detectors, Resistive Plate Chambers (RPC), to unambiguously identify the interaction bunch crossing. We describe the detectors and the logic scheme of the trigger. © 1995
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