11,321 research outputs found

    Results on the spectrum of R-Modes of slowly rotating relativistic stars

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    The paper considers the spectrum of axial perturbations of slowly uniformly rotating general relativistic stars in the framework of Y. Kojima. In a first step towards a full analysis only the evolution equations are treated but not the constraint. Then it is found that the system is unstable due to a continuum of non real eigenvalues. In addition the resolvent of the associated generator of time evolution is found to have a special structure which was discussed in a previous paper. From this structure it follows the occurrence of a continuous part in the spectrum of oscillations at least if the system is restricted to a finite space as is done in most numerical investigations. Finally, it can be seen that higher order corrections in the rotation frequency can qualitatively influence the spectrum of the oscillations. As a consequence different descriptions of the star which are equivalent to first order could lead to different results with respect to the stability of the star

    On the Completeness of the Quasinormal Modes of the Poeschl-Teller Potential

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    The completeness of the quasinormal modes of the wave equation with Poeschl-Teller potential is investigated. A main result is that after a large enough time t0t_0, the solutions of this equation corresponding to C∞C^{\infty}-data with compact support can be expanded uniformly in time with respect to the quasinormal modes, thereby leading to absolutely convergent series. Explicit estimates for t0t_0 depending on both the support of the data and the point of observation are given. For the particular case of an ``early'' time and zero distance between the support of the data and observational point, it is shown that the corresponding series is not absolutely convergent, and hence that there is no associated sum which is independent of the order of summation.Comment: 22 pages, 2 figures, submitted to Comm. Math. Phy

    A new result on the Klein-Gordon equation in the background of a rotating black hole

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    This short paper should serve as basis for further analysis of a previously found new symmetry of the solutions of the wave equation in the gravitational field of a Kerr black hole. Its main new result is the proof of essential self-adjointness of the spatial part of a reduced normalized wave operator of the Kerr metric in a weighted L^2-space. As a consequence, it leads to a purely operator theoretic proof of the well-posedness of the initial value problem of the reduced Klein-Gordon equation in that field in that L^2-space and in this way generalizes a corresponding result of Kay (1985) in the case of the Schwarzschild black hole. It is believed that the employed methods are applicable to other separable wave equations

    On a new symmetry of the solutions of the wave equation in the background of a Kerr black hole

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    This short paper derives the constant of motion of a scalar field in the gravitational field of a Kerr black hole which is associated to a Killing tensor of that space-time. In addition, there is found a related new symmetry operator S for the solutions of the wave equation in that background. That operator is a partial differential operator with a leading order time derivative of the first order that commutes with a normal form of the wave operator. That form is obtained by multiplication of the wave operator from the left with the reciprocal of the coefficient function of its second order time derivative. It is shown that S induces an operator that commutes with the generator of time evolution in a formulation of the initial value problem for the wave equation in the setting of strongly continuous semigroups

    On the r-mode spectrum of relativistic stars

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    We present a mathematically rigorous proof that the r-mode spectrum of relativistic stars to the rotational lowest order has a continuous part. A rigorous definition of this spectrum is given in terms of the spectrum of a continuous linear operator. This study verifies earlier results by Kojima (1998) about the nature of the r-mode spectrum.Comment: 6 pages, no figure

    Galileo early cruise, including Venus, first Earth, and Gaspra encounters

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    This article documents Deep Space Network (DSN) support for the Galileo cruise to Jupiter. The unique trajectory affords multiple encounters during this cruise phase. Each encounter had or will have unique requirements for data acquisition and DSN support configurations. An overview of the cruise and encounters through the asteroid Gaspra encounter is provided

    Quantifying excitations of quasinormal mode systems

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    Computations of the strong field generation of gravitational waves by black hole processes produce waveforms that are dominated by quasinormal (QN) ringing, a damped oscillation characteristic of the black hole. We describe here the mathematical problem of quantifying the QN content of the waveforms generated. This is done in several steps: (i) We develop the mathematics of QN systems that are complete (in a sense to be defined) and show that there is a quantity, the ``excitation coefficient,'' that appears to have the properties needed to quantify QN content. (ii) We show that incomplete systems can (at least sometimes) be converted to physically equivalent complete systems. Most notably, we give a rigorous proof of completeness for a specific modified model problem. (iii) We evaluate the excitation coefficient for the model problem, and demonstrate that the excitation coefficient is of limited utility. We finish by discussing the general question of quantification of QN excitations, and offer a few speculations about unavoidable differences between normal mode and QN systems.Comment: 27 pages, 14 figures. To be published in: J. Math. Phys. (1999
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