11,870 research outputs found

    Impact of energetic particle orbits on long range frequency chirping of BGK modes

    Get PDF
    Long range frequency chirping of Bernstein-Greene-Kruskal modes, whose existence is determined by the fast particles, is investigated in cases where these particles do not move freely and their motion is bounded to restricted orbits. An equilibrium oscillating potential, which creates different orbit topologies of energetic particles, is included into the bump-on-tail instability problem of a plasma wave. With respect to fast particles dynamics, the extended model captures the range of particles motion (trapped/passing) with energy and thus represents a more realistic 1D picture of the long range sweeping events observed for weakly damped modes, e.g. global Alfven eigenmodes, in tokamaks. The Poisson equation is solved numerically along with bounce averaging the Vlasov equation in the adiabatic regime. We demonstrate that the shape and the saturation amplitude of the nonlinear mode structure depends not only on the amount of deviation from the initial eigenfrequency but also on the initial energy of the resonant electrons in the equilibrium potential. Similarly, the results reveal that the resonant electrons following different equilibrium orbits in the electrostatic potential lead to different rates of frequency evolution. As compared to the previous model [Breizman B.N. 2010 Nucl. Fusion 50 084014], it is shown that the frequency sweeps with lower rates. The additional physics included in the model enables a more complete 1D description of the range of phenomena observed in experiments.Comment: Submitted to Nuclear Fusion 25/01/201

    Micro-displacement sensors based on plastic photonic bandgap Bragg fibers

    Full text link
    We demonstrate an amplitude-based micro-displacement sensor that uses a plastic photonic bandgap Bragg fiber with one end coated with a silver layer. The reflection intensity of the Bragg fiber is characterized in response to different displacements (or bending curvatures). We note that the Bragg reflector of the fiber acts as an efficient mode stripper for the wavelengths near the edge of the fiber bandgap, which makes the sensor extremely sensitive to bending or displacements at these wavelengths. Besides, by comparison of the Bragg fiber sensor to a sensor based on a regular multimode fiber with similar outer diameter and length, we find that the Bragg fiber sensor is more sensitive to bending due to presence of mode stripper in the form of the multilayer reflector. Experimental results show that the minimum detection limit of the Bragg fiber sensor can be smaller than 5 um for displacement sensing
    • …