37 research outputs found

    The Dependence of Spectral State Transition and Disk Truncation on Viscosity Parameter $\alpha

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    A wealth of Galactic accreting X-ray binaries have been observed both in low/hard state and high/soft state. The transition between these two states was often detected. Observation shows that the transition luminosity between these two states is different for different sources, ranging from 1% to 4% of the Eddington luminosity. Even for the same source the transition luminosity at different outbursts is also different. The transition can occur from 0.0069 to 0.15 Eddington luminosity. To investigate the underlying physics, we study the influence of viscosity parameter α\alpha on the transition luminosity on the basis of the disk-corona model for black holes. We calculate the mass evaporation rate for a wide range of viscosity parameter, 0.1α0.90.1\le \alpha\le 0.9. By fitting the numerical results, we obtain fitting formulae for both the transition accretion rate and the corresponding radius as a function of α\alpha. We find that the transition luminosity is very sensitive to the value of α\alpha, L/LEddα2.34L/L_{\rm Edd}\propto\alpha^{2.34}. For 0.1α0.60.1\le\alpha\le 0.6, the transition luminosity varies by two orders of magnitude, from 0.001 to 0.2 Eddington luminosity. Comparing with observations we find that the transition luminosity can be fitted by adjusting the value of α\alpha, and the model determined values of α\alpha are mostly in the range of observationally inferred value. Meanwhile we investigate the truncation of the disk in the low/hard state for some luminous sources. Our results are roughly in agreement with the observations.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures,accepted by PAS

    The Spectral Features of Disk and Corona with Mass Evaporation in the Low/Hard State

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    We investigate the spectral features of accretion flows composed of an outer cool, optically thick disk and inner hot, optically thin, advection dominated accretion flows (ADAF) within the framework of disk and corona with mass evaporation (Liu et al. 2002a). In this work, both the magnetic field and Compton scattering of soft photons from the disk by electrons in the corona are included to calculate the evaporation rates at different distances. The disk is truncated at the distance where the evaporation rate equals to the accretion rate (m˙evap(rtr)=m˙\dot m_{\rm evap}(r_{\rm tr})=\dot m). For a series of accretion rates, the corresponding truncation radii are calculated out, with which we are able to calculate the emergent spectra from the inner ADAF + outer disk + corona. At very low accretion rates, the spectra are similar to that of a pure ADAF because the disk is truncated at large distances. The disk component becomes important at high accretion rates since the truncation occurs at small distances. An anti-correlation between the Eddington ratio ξL0.525keV/LEdd\xi \equiv L_{\rm 0.5-25 \,keV}/L_{\rm Edd} and the hard X-ray photon index Γ325keV\Gamma_{\rm 3-25 \,keV} at low/hard states is predicted by the model. Comparing the theoretical results with observations, we find that our model can reproduce the anti-correlation between the Eddington ratio ξ\xi and the hard X-ray photon index observed for the X-ray binary XTE J1118+480.Comment: 11 pages and 7 figures, published by PAS

    A Model for Spectral States and Their Transition in Cyg X-1

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    A new accretion picture based on a small disk surrounding a black hole is developed for the wind-fed source Cyg X-1. The hard and soft spectral states of Cyg X-1 are interpreted in terms of co-spatial two component flows for the innermost region of an accretion disk. The state transitions result from the outward expansion and inward recession of this inner disk for the hard to soft and soft to hard transition respectively. The theoretical framework for state transitions in black hole X-ray binaries with high mass companions involving a change in the inner disk size, thus, differs from systems with low mass companions involving the change in the outer disk size. This fundamental difference stems from the fact that matter captured and supplied to the black hole in wind-fed systems has low specific angular momentum and is hot essentially heated in the bow and spiral shocks, whereas it has high specific angular momentum and is cool in Roche lobe overflow systems. The existence of a weak cool disk around the ISCO region in the hard state allows for the presence of a relativistically broadened Fe K line. The small disk fed by gas condensation forms without an extensive outer disk, precluding thermal instabilities and large outbursts, resulting in the lack of large amplitude outbursts and hysteresis effects in the light curve of high mass black hole X-ray binaries. Their relatively persistent X-ray emission is attributed to their wind-fed nature.Comment: 13 pages, 2 figures. Accepted for publication in Ap

    Identification of a New γ\gamma-ray-emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 Galaxy, at Redshift 1\sim1

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    We report on the identification of a new γ\gamma-ray-emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxy, SDSS J122222.55+041315.7, which increases the number of known objects of this remarkable but rare type of active galactic nuclei (AGN) to seven. Its optical spectrum, obtained in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey-Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey, reveals a broad H β\beta emission line with a width (FWHM) of 1734±\pm104 km s1^{-1}. This, along with strong optical Fe II multiplets [R4570=0.9R_{4570}=0.9] and a weak [O III] λ5007\lambda 5007 emission line, makes the object a typical NLS1. On the other hand, the source exhibits a high radio brightness temperature, rapid infrared variability, and a flat X-ray spectrum extending up to \sim200 keV. It is associated with a luminous γ\gamma-ray source detected significantly with {\it Fermi}/LAT. Correlated variability with other wavebands has not yet been tested. The spectral energy distribution can be well modelled by a one-zone leptonic jet model. This new member is by far the most distant γ\gamma-ray-emitting NLS1, at a redshift of z=0.966z=0.966.Comment: 5 pages, published on MNRA