96 research outputs found

    Ego and the international. The modernist circle of George Sarton

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    The early years of Isis are examined in the light of George Sarton’s connection with Paul Otlet (1868 –1944) and Henri Lafontaine (1854 –1943), founders in 1895 of the International Office of Bibliography and in 1907 of the Union of International Associations, both in Brussels. Otlet, known as one of the fathers of the Information Age, invented the science of information, which he called, in French, documentation. Lafontaine, a socialist senator in Belgium, won the 1913 Nobel Prize for Peace. Sarton shared Otlet and Lafontaine’s views about pacifism, internationalism, and rational bibliography; he designed Isis to fit with the modernist goal, expressed by Otlet and Lafontaine, of using information to generate new knowledge

    Sobre o Estilo na História Intelectual

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    Style in past Ages denotes general sensibilities that guide thought and action. Attempts to show how style derives from the material circumstances of living remain inconclusive because of the difficulty in deciding which parts of culture past lie at the center of it. The advantages and the drawbacks of modelsand schemes offered by major theorists of the past several generations are used to support the proposition that philosophy is a dubious guide for practicing intellectual historians, who do best when they make their own methods from the materialthey study.O estilo no passado denotava sensibilidades gerais que guiam o pensamento e a ação. Tentativas de mostrar como o estilo deriva das circunstâncias materiais da vida permanecem inconclusivas por causa da dificuldade em decidir quais partes da cultura do passado estão no centro dele. As vantagens e desvantagens dos modelos e esquemas oferecidos pelos principais teóricos das gerações passadas são usadas para apoiar a proposição de que a filosofia é um guia duvidoso para praticantes da história intelectual, que se saem melhor quando criam seus próprios métodos a partir do material que estudam

    La réception de la relativité généralisée : disciplinarité et institutionalisation en physique

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    SUMMARY. — The reception of Einstein's general theory of relativity at Leiden, Vienna and Göttingen is discussed in terms of the institutionalization of two disciplines, theoretical physics and mathematical physics. It suggested that a similar analysis might provide considerable insight into the development and reception of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics.RÉSUMÉ. — L'analyse porte sur la réception de la théorie de la relativité généralisée dans les Universités de Leyde, Vienne et Göttingen. Elle prête une attention particulière à deux disciplines dont la pratique a fortement influencé cette réception : la physique théorique et la physique mathématique. Il semble qu'une analyse analogue aiderait à comprendre la diffusion de la mécanique quantique telle que l'école de Copenhague l'a interprétée.Pyenson Lewis. La réception de la relativité généralisée : disciplinarité et institutionalisation en physique. In: Revue d'histoire des sciences, tome 28, n°1, 1975. pp. 61-73

    The young Einstein: the advent of relativity

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    https://works.swarthmore.edu/alum-books/5000/thumbnail.jp

    The passion of George Sarton : a modern marriage and its discipline /

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    Neohumanism And The Persistence Of Pure Mathematics In Wilhelmian Germany

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    https://works.swarthmore.edu/alum-books/4953/thumbnail.jp
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