1,559 research outputs found

    Tensor product of motives via K\"unneth formula

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    Following Nori's original idea we here provide certain motivic categories with a canonical tensor structure. These motivic categories are associated to a cohomological functor on a suitable base category and the tensor structure is induced by the cartesian tensor structure on the base category via a cohomological K\"unneth formula.Comment: Revised version to appear on JPA

    Performance of RF MEMS switches at low temperatures

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    The actuation voltage of microelectromechanical system (MEMS) \ud metal switches was investigated at temperatures ranging from 10 to 290 K. The investigation shows a 50% increase in the actuation voltage at low temperature. A comparison has been made using a published model and showed similar increment of actuation voltage at low temperature

    Photoproduction of electron-positron pairs in bent single crystals

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    The process of photoproduction of electron-positron pairs in bent single crystals is considered in this paper. In particular, it is shown that the probability of the process for gamma-quanta with energies from 100 GeV on is significantly higher than the one in an amorphous medium. A possible scenario for the experimental validation of the process is discussed and the positive features of the photoproduction in bent crystals compared to straight ones are underlined from the point of view of possible applications.Comment: 13 pages, 6 figure

    A strained silicon cold electron bolometer using Schottky contacts

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    We describe optical characterisation of a strained silicon cold electron bolometer (CEB), operating on a 350 mK stage, designed for absorption of millimetre-wave radiation. The silicon cold electron bolometer utilises Schottky contacts between a superconductor and an n++ doped silicon island to detect changes in the temperature of the charge carriers in the silicon, due to variations in absorbed radiation. By using strained silicon as the absorber, we decrease the electron-phonon coupling in the device and increase the responsivity to incoming power. The strained silicon absorber is coupled to a planar aluminium twin-slot antenna designed to couple to 160‚ÄČGHz and that serves as the superconducting contacts. From the measured optical responsivity and spectral response, we calculate a maximum optical efficiency of 50% for radiation coupled into the device by the planar antenna and an overall noise equivalent power, referred to absorbed optical power, of 1.1√ó10‚ąí16‚ÄČW‚ÄČHz‚ąí1/2 when the detector is observing a 300‚ÄČK source through a 4‚ÄČK throughput limiting aperture. Even though this optical system is not optimized, we measure a system noise equivalent temperature difference of 6‚ÄČmK‚ÄČHz‚ąí1/2. We measure the noise of the device using a cross-correlation of time stream data, measured simultaneously with two junction field-effect transistor amplifiers, with a base correlated noise level of 300‚ÄČpV‚ÄČHz‚ąí1/2 and find that the total noise is consistent with a combination of photon noise, current shot noise, and electron-phonon thermal noise

    Experimental evidence of planar channeling in a periodically bent crystal

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    The usage of a Crystalline Undulator (CU) has been identified as a promising solution for generating powerful and monochromatic ő≥\gamma-rays. A CU was fabricated at SSL through the grooving method, i.e., by the manufacturing of a series of periodical grooves on the major surfaces of a crystal. The CU was extensively characterized both morphologically via optical interferometry at SSL and structurally via X-ray diffraction at ESRF. Then, it was finally tested for channeling with a 400 GeV/c proton beam at CERN. The experimental results were compared to Monte Carlo simulations. Evidence of planar channeling in the CU was firmly observed. Finally, the emission spectrum of the positron beam interacting with the CU was simulated for possible usage in currently existing facilities
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