577 research outputs found

    INFLUENCE OF ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGAL BIOSTIMULANTS AND CONVENTIONAL FERTILIZERS ON SOME SOLANACEOUS CROPS FOR GROWTH, PRODUCTIVITY AND NUTRIENT STOICHIOMETRY UNDER FIELD CONDITIONS IN SEMI- ARID REGION OF MAHARASHTRA, INDIA

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    The main objective of the study was to evaluate the outcome of inoculation with biological consortium culture of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal species (Aculospora logula, Glomus fasciculatum, Glomus intraradices, Gigaspora margarita, and Scutellospora heterogama)  and chemical fertilizers on Solanaceous crops (Solanum tuberosum L. cultivars, Lycopersicum esculentum L. and Solanum melongena L.) under field conditions during Rabi cropping season. The experimental plot was a randomized block design with four replications. The result revealed that gross yield, plant height, number of branches/plant, leaf moisture, leaf area, root length, and dry biomass were positively affected by the inoculation of consortium culture of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi with 75% recommended dose of fertilizers (RDF). Overall, our study shows that inoculation of consortium mycorrhizae with 75% RDF gave better growth, dry biomass, nutrient uptake, and yield of solanaceous crops and reduces the dose of chemical fertilizers to improve sustainable crop production and creates a healthy environment

    Utilization and Status of Plant Resources in Northern Part of Pokhara valley, Central Nepal

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    Study on plants and plant products and their present status is helpful for proper management of those resources. Nepal is a multicultural and multilingual country. Present study on utilization of forest plant resources was carried out in Bhurjungkhola, Sardikhola VDC, northern part of Pokhara valley during October and November 2004. Altogether 116 plant species belonging to 61 families and 103 genera along with their vernacular names, their uses and present status of abundance were documented. Out of 116 plant species, 58 plant species are used as medicinal purposes, 2 as a food value, 22 as fruits, 20 as vegetables, 56 as fodder and forages, 19 as timber, 45 as fuelwood, 11 as religious and 5 species as ornamental. The status of 66 plant species are found in medium followed by 36 plant species with low status and 15 plant species with increasing number

    Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Teaching and Learning in Nepalese Classroom: Challenges and Opportunity

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    In post-modern era Information and Communication Technology (ICT) plays arduous role to make teaching and learning activities more meaningful and efficient. It is one of the most efficient tools  as well as source of knowledge for advancing knowledge and skills. TPACK  model are used for  quality enhancement both in teachers and students in  education  at  both  schools and universities  in Nepal. This paper presents  the concepts of ICT  and its  roles for quality education at all level  education in   Nepal. It highlights the challenges facing in use of ICT in classroom of both schools  and universities . It suggests  how ICT can be used as a tools   as well as source of  knowledge to enhance education quality in  classrooms. Problems such as lack of resources (viz. qualified teachers, hardware, software, electricity etc.) and poor program  implementation strategies militate against these efforts. This paper  recommends that  both the  government and non-government organizations should support in developing skilled  human resources, providing electricity, and providing  hardware and software resources to enhance the use of ICT  as well as to produce knowledge  at  schools and universities  of  Nepal. Keywords: ICT Education, Knowledge, Teaching eaning,  Opportunity, Education System, Innovative DOI: 10.7176/JEP/10-7-01 Publication date:March 31st 201

    Indigenous Knowledge on Miscellaneous Uses of Plants by the People of Parroha VDC, Rupandehi District, Central Nepal

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    This study aims to explore the information on miscellaneous uses on plant resources found in Parroha VDC of Rupandehi district, Nepal. The study was conducted during May 2007. Informations on plant resources were collected interviewing key informants using a semi structured open ended questionnaires. Altogether 33 different species of plants belonging to 19 families were found used for miscellaneous purposes

    Epistemological Understanding of Science Embedded within Shad Darsana and Buddhist Philosophy

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    This paper focuses on the epistemological understanding of finding the science embedded within Shad darsana and Buddhist philosophy. The primary rationale of this study is to dig out the scientific notion that consists of Shad darsana and Buddhist philosophy. Shad darsana or six systems of Hindu philosophy considered as the orthodox/astika philosophy and accept the authority of Vedas, which included Nyaya, Vaisesika, Sankey, Yoga, Poorva Mimamsa and Uttar Mimamsa. Pratyaksa/Perception, Anuman/Inference, Upamana/Comparison, Sabda (word) or testimony are considered the achieving and transforming ways of valid knowledge of Shad darsana like modern science. Astanga yoga, introduced by seer Patanjali, is regarded as a pioneer scientific practice in the modern era for the connection of mind, body and soul; and is useful to control the COVID 19 pandemic. Buddhist philosophy is considered as the heterodox/nastic or materialist philosophy; that is, it does not believe in the authenticity of Veda. It is mainly based on four universal truths and ways of elimination of sin doing practical meditation way. Madhyama Pratipada, Pratityasamutpada, Nirvana, Ksanabhangavada and Anatmavada are scientific processes of achieving knowledge in Buddhist philosophy

    Assessment of Prescription Errors in the Internal Medicine Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital in Nepal: A Cross-Sectional Study

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    Introduction: Prescription errors are common problems in hospitals that lead to increase in morbidity, mortality and cost of treatments. They also reduce faiths towards healthcare providers. They are avoidable and their adverse outcome can be reduced if they are assessed and recognized earlier. This study was conducted to assess prescription errors occurred in tertiary care hospital Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in Internal Medicine department of Lumbini Medical College for five months duration. Patients who prescribed at least one drug in prescription form were included. Results: Out of total patients, 39.5% had medication error. Among medication errors, 37.6% patients had error of omission. Among error of omission, dose of the drug was not mentioned in 26.1% patients. Category B (21.6%) of severity of medication error was the most common. Patients with one diagnosis less likely had medication errors comparing to the patients with more than one diagnosis (p = 0.0002). The tendency of making medication errors was higher among patients with polypharmacy (p < 0.001) and patients who prescribed Fixed-Dose Drug Combination (p < 0.001). Similarly, the tendency of making errors of omission was also higher among patients with more than one diagnosis (p = 0.0002), patients with polypharmacy (p < 0.001) and patients who prescribed Fixed-Dose Drug Combinations (p < 0.001). Conclusion: One-third of patients had medication errors. Among them, errors of omission were the most common. The collaborative program between doctors, clinical pharmacologists and hospital administration to minimize the occurrence of errors will be effective. &nbsp

    Effect of date of transplanting and mulching on growth, yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.) cv. Nasik Red

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    A field experiment was conducted during rabiseason of 2014-2015 at Department of Applied Plant Sci-ence (Horticulture), Baba saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow-226025 (U.P.) India to find out the effect of different dates of transplanting and mulching on growth, yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.) cv. Nasik Red. There were 16 treatments comprising 4 dates of transplanting (15th November, 1st, 15th and 30th December) and 3 mulching (saw dust, rice husk and wheat straw) while, without mulching as control and laid out under two factor RBD with three replications. The study clearly revealed that there were significant effects of all treatments on vegetative growth, yield and quality attributes of onion. Plant height (65.34 cm), number of leaves per plant (8.89), length of leaves (56.07 cm), neck thickness (18.75 mm), yield (5.166 kg/plot and 387.46 q/ha) were found maximum at 1st December planting with wheat straw mulching (T7). The best quality bulb in respect of maximum neck thickness (12.35 mm), basal diameter (13.61.mm), diameter of bulb (54.41 mm polar and 64.15 mm equatorial), length of bulb (65.17 mm), number of scales per bulb (9.24), bulb moisture (85.06 %) T.S.S. (13.84 oBrix), ascorbic acid (10.47 mg/100g), total sugars (10.39 %) etc. were also obtained when mulching was done with wheat straw and transplant-ed on 1st December (T7) followed by T6 (planted on 1st December and mulching with rice husk). The study clearly concluded that i.) mulching is good for production of onion, ii.) late transplanting on 30th December showed very poor performance irrespective of mulching and iii) transplanting on 1st December and mulching with wheat straw was the best combination for getting good quality yield of onion

    Identification of pH tolerant Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains and their symbiotic effectiveness in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] in low nutrient soil

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    Eight strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum were isolated from the root nodules of soybean cultivar PK 472 collected from Adaptive Trial Centre, Bundi, India. All the isolates were authenticated through plant assay test in germination pouches. Growth of the isolated strains on different pH levels was observed and three strains namely Bj-3, Bj-5 and Bj-8 were found to be able to grow up to pH 8.5. Symbiotic efficiency of these isolates was determined under the mist house conditions in the sterilized sandy soil (pH 8.4). Maximum and minimum nodulation and vegetative growth were observed in Bj-3 and Bj-2 inoculated soybean plants, respectively. Three pH tolerant strains could also pose better results in the efficiency determination experiment. Considerable variability in terms of the symbiotic effectiveness was found in the tested strains.African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 4 (7), pp. 663-666,200

    Science Learning from the School Garden through Participatory Action Research in Nepal

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    Nepal\u27s NORHED/Rupantaran project designed and developed participatory action research through school gardening. This study explored the ways for the community schools, science teachers and basic level (grade five to eight) students to foster a sense of agency in the school science curriculum through life-based experiential learning. Qualitative research design on thematic and verbatim methods are used to collect and analyze the data in this study. The findings show that school gardening activities are helpful and productive for science teaching and learning. The evidence from participatory action research experiences in actual school settings would provide new insights for policymakers to transform the school science curriculum. Further, the study findings show collaborative knowledge production through school gardening in a contextual environment, often neglected in community school science teaching and learning. The implications of the research findings could contribute to policy-level discussions about science teachers\u27 professional development
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