50 research outputs found

    The need for an early anti-neutrino run of NOvA

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    The moderately large value of \ty, measured recently by reactor experiments, is very welcome news for the future neutrino experiments. In particular, the \nova experiment, with 3 years each of ν\nu and \anu runs, will be able to determine the mass hierarchy if one of the following two favourable combinations is true: normal hierarchy with -180^\circ \leq \dcp \leq 0 or inverted hierarchy with 0\leq \dcp \leq 180^\circ. In this report, we study the hierarchy reach of the first 3 years of \nova data. Since \sin^2 2 \tz is measured to be non-maximal, \tz can be either in the lower or higher octant. Pure ν\nu data is affected by \ty-hierarchy and octant-hierarchy degeneracies, which limit the hierarchy sensitivity of such data. A combination of ν\nu and \anu data is not subject to these degeneracies and hence has much better hierarchy discrimination capability. We find that, with a 3 year ν\nu run, hierarchy determination is possible for only two of the four octant-hierarchy combinations. Equal 1.5 year runs in ν\nu and \anu modes give good hierarchy sensitivity for all the four combinations

    Probing Neutrino Oscillation Parameters using High Power Superbeam from ESS

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    A high-power neutrino superbeam experiment at the ESS facility has been proposed such that the source-detector distance falls at the second oscillation maximum, giving very good sensitivity towards establishing CP violation. In this work, we explore the comparative physics reach of the experiment in terms of leptonic CP-violation, precision on atmospheric parameters, non-maximal theta23, and its octant for a variety of choices for the baselines. We also vary the neutrino vs. the anti-neutrino running time for the beam, and study its impact on the physics goals of the experiment. We find that for the determination of CP violation, 540 km baseline with 7 years of neutrino and 3 years of anti-neutrino (7nu+3nubar) run-plan performs the best and one expects a 5sigma sensitivity to CP violation for 48% of true values of deltaCP. The projected reach for the 200 km baseline with 7nu+3nubar run-plan is somewhat worse with 5sigma sensitivity for 34% of true values of deltaCP. On the other hand, for the discovery of a non-maximal theta23 and its octant, the 200 km baseline option with 7nu+3nubar run-plan performs significantly better than the other baselines. A 5sigma determination of a non-maximal theta23 can be made if the true value of sin^2theta23 lesssim 0.45 or sin^2theta23 gtrsim 0.57. The octant of theta23 could be resolved at 5sigma if the true value of sin^2theta23 lesssim 0.43 or gtrsim 0.59, irrespective of deltaCP.Comment: 21 pages, 37 pdf figures, 3 tables. Sensitivities quoted at 3 and 5\sigma. Discussion on CP asymmetry added. Numerical methods discussed in detail. Some parts of the text rewritten. New references. Matches with published versio

    Resolving the octant of theta23 with T2K and NOvA

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    Preliminary results of MINOS experiment indicate that theta23 is not maximal. Global fits to world neutrino data suggest two nearly degenerate solutions for theta23: one in the lower octant (LO: theta23 < 45 degree) and the other in the higher octant (HO: theta23 > 45 degree). numu to nue oscillations in superbeam experiments are sensitive to the octant and are capable of resolving this degeneracy. We study the prospects of this resolution by the current T2K and upcoming NOvA experiments. Because of the hierarchy-deltacp degeneracy and the octant-deltacp degeneracy, the impact of hierarchy on octant resolution has to be taken into account. As in the case of hierarchy determination, there exist favorable (unfavorable) values of deltacp for which octant resolution is easy (challenging). However, for octant resolution the unfavorable deltacp values of the neutrino data are favorable for the anti-neutrino data and vice-verse. This is in contrast to the case of hierarchy determination. In this paper, we compute the combined sensitivity of T2K and NOvA to resolve the octant ambiguity. If sin^2\theta23 =0.41, then NOvA can rule out all the values of theta23 in HO at 2 sigma C.L., irrespective of the hierarchy and deltacp. Addition of T2K data improves the octant sensitivity. If T2K were to have equal neutrino and anti-neutrino runs of 2.5 years each, a 2 sigma resolution of the octant becomes possible provided sin^2\theta23 \leq 0.43 or \geq 0.58 for any value of deltacp.Comment: 27 pages, 38 pdf figures, 1 table. New figures are given in the results section to show the octant discovery reach as a function of true theta23 and true CP phase. Few changes in the abstract, results and conclusions section to incorporate the new results. Published in JHE

    The impact of sterile neutrinos on CP measurements at long baselines

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    With the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) as an example, we show that the presence of even one sterile neutrino of mass \sim1 eV can significantly impact the measurements of CP violation in long baseline experiments. Using a probability level analysis and neutrino-antineutrino asymmetry calculations, we discuss the large magnitude of these effects, and show how they translate into significant event rate deviations at DUNE. Our results demonstrate that measurements which, when interpreted in the context of the standard three family paradigm, indicate CP conservation at long baselines, may, in fact hide large CP violation if there is a sterile state. Similarly, any data indicating the violation of CP cannot be properly interpreted within the standard paradigm unless the presence of sterile states of mass O(1 eV) can be conclusively ruled out. Our work underscores the need for a parallel and linked short baseline oscillation program and a highly capable near detector for DUNE, in order that its highly anticipated results on CP violation in the lepton sector may be correctly interpreted.Comment: Published in Journal of High Energy Physics, Volume 2015, Issue 1

    What measurements of neutrino neutral current events can reveal

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    We show that neutral current (NC) measurements at neutrino detectors can play a valuable role in the search for new physics. Such measurements have certain intrinsic features and advantages that can fruitfully be combined with the usual well-studied charged lepton detection channels in order to probe the presence of new interactions or new light states. In addition to the fact that NC events are immune to uncertainties in standard model neutrino mixing and mass parameters, they can have small matter effects and superior rates since all three flavours participate. We also show, as a general feature, that NC measurements provide access to different combinations of CP phases and mixing parameters compared to CC measurements at both long and short baseline experiments. Using the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) as an illustrative setting, we demonstrate the capability of NC measurements to break degeneracies arising in CC measurements, allowing us, in principle, to distinguish between new physics that violates three flavour unitarity and that which does not. Finally, we show that NC measurements can enable us to restrict new physics parameters that are not easily constrained by CC measurements.Comment: 22 pages, 10 figure

    Getting the best out of T2K and NOvA

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    We explore the combined physics potential of T2K and NOvA in light of the moderately large measured value of theta13. For sin^2 2*theta13 = 0.1, which is close to the best fit value, a 90% C.L. evidence for the hierarchy can be obtained only for the combinations (Normal hierarchy, -170 <= deltaCP <= 0) and (Inverted hierarchy, 0 <= deltaCP <= 170), with the currently planned runs of NOvA and T2K. However, the hierarchy can essentially be determined for any value of deltaCP, if the statistics of NOvA are increased by 50% and those of T2K are doubled. Such an increase will also give an allowed region of deltaCP around its true value, except for the CP conserving cases deltaCP = 0 or 180. We demonstrate that any measurement of deltaCP is not possible without first determining hierarchy. We find that comparable data from a shorter baseline (L ~ 130 km) experiment will not lead to any significant improvement.Comment: Version published in Phys. Rev.

    Capabilities of long-baseline experiments in the presence of a sterile neutrino

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    Assuming that there is a sterile neutrino, we ask what then is the ability of long-baseline experiments to i) establish that neutrino oscillation violates CP, ii) determine the three-neutrino mass ordering, and iii) determine which CP-violating phase or phases are the cause of any CP violation that may be observed. We find that the ability to establish CP violation and to determine the mass ordering could be very substantial. However, the effects of the sterile neutrino could be quite large, and it might prove very difficult to determine which phase is responsible for an observed CP violation. We explain why a sterile neutrino changes the long-baseline sensitivities to CP violation and to the mass ordering in the ways that it does. We note that long-baseline experiments can probe the presence of sterile neutrinos in a way that is different from, and complementary to, the probes of short-baseline experiments. We explore the question of how large sterile-active mixing angles need to be before long-baseline experiments can detect their effects, or how small they need to be before the interpretation of these experiments can safely disregard the possible existence of sterile neutrinos.Comment: Published in JHEP, 24 pages, 12 figures, IH results adde

    Understanding the degeneracies in NOν\nuA data

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    The combined analysis of νμ\nu_\mu disappearance and νe\nu_e appearance data of NOν\nuA experiment leads to three nearly degenerate solutions. This degeneracy can be understood in terms of deviations in νe\nu_e appearance signal, caused by unknown effects, with respect to the signal expected for a reference set of oscillations parameters. We define the reference set to be vacuum oscillations in the limit of maximal θ23\theta_{23} and no CP-violation. We then calculate the deviations induced in the νe\nu_e appearance signal event rate by three unknown effects: (a) matter effects, due to normal or inverted hierarchy (b) octant effects, due to θ23\theta_{23} being in higher or lower octant and (c) CP-violation, whether δCPπ/2\delta_{CP} \sim - \pi/2 or δCPπ/2\delta_{CP} \sim \pi/2. We find that the deviation caused by each of these effects is the same for NOν\nuA. The observed number of νe\nu_e events in NOν\nuA is equivalent to the increase caused by one of the effects. Therefore, the observed number of νe\nu_e appearance events of NOν\nuA is the net result of the increase caused by two of the unknown effects and the decrease caused by the third. Thus we get the three degenerate solutions. We also find that further data by NOν\nuA can not distinguish between these degenerate solutions but addition of one year of neutrino run of DUNE can make a distinction between all three solutions. The distinction between the two NH solutions and the IH solution becomes possible because of the larger matter effect in DUNE. The distinction between the two NH solutions with different octants is a result of the synergy between the anti-neutrino data of NOν\nuA and the neutrino data of DUNE.Comment: Published version v2; with minor changes to v

    Neutrino oscillation measurements with JUNO in the presence of scalar NSI

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    Determination of neutrino mass ordering and precision measurement of neutrino oscillation parameters are the foremost goals of the JUNO experiment. Here, we explore the capability of JUNO experiment to constrain the scalar non-standard interactions (sNSI). sNSI appears as a correction to the neutrino mass term in the Hamiltonian. Our results show that JUNO can put very stringent constraints on sNSI, particularly for the case of inverted mass ordering. We also check JUNO's capability to determine mass ordering in the presence of sNSI and conclude that the possibility to confuse normal (inverted) mass ordering in the standard scenario (when there is no sNSI) with inverted (normal) ordering in the presence of sNSI exists only at the 3σ3\sigma confidence level and above. Finally, we also comment on the precision measurements of sin2θ12\sin^2\theta_{12}, Δm212\Delta m^2_{21} and Δm312\Delta m^2_{31} in the presence of sNSI. We find that the 1σ1\sigma-allowed uncertainty in each of these oscillation parameters depends on the choice of mass ordering, sNSI and mlightest\rm m_{lightest}, wherein a deterioration from a few percent in the case of standard interactions to 13%\sim13\% in the case of sNSI is possible.Comment: 30 pages, 8 figures, Comments are welcom
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