229 research outputs found

    Measurement of fiducial and differential W+W- production cross-sections at √s=13 TeV with the ATLAS detector

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    A measurement of fiducial and differential cross-sections for W+W- production in proton–proton collisions at s=13 TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.1 fb - 1 is presented. Events with one electron and one muon are selected, corresponding to the decay of the diboson system as WW→ e±νμ∓ν. To suppress top-quark background, events containing jets with a transverse momentum exceeding 35 GeV are not included in the measurement phase space. The fiducial cross-section, six differential distributions and the cross-section as a function of the jet-veto transverse momentum threshold are measured and compared with several theoretical predictions. Constraints on anomalous electroweak gauge boson self-interactions are also presented in the framework of a dimension-six effective field theory

    Evidence for tt¯ tt¯ production in the multilepton final state in proton–proton collisions at √s=13 TeV with the ATLAS detector

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    A search is presented for four-top-quark production using an integrated luminosity of 139 fb- 1 of proton–proton collision data at a centre-of-mass energy of 13TeV collected by the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Events are selected if they contain a same-sign lepton pair or at least three leptons (electrons or muons). Jet multiplicity, jet flavour and event kinematics are used to separate signal from the background through a multivariate discriminant, and dedicated control regions are used to constrain the dominant backgrounds. The four-top-quark production cross section is measured to be 24-6+7 fb. This corresponds to an observed (expected) significance with respect to the background-only hypothesis of 4.3 (2.4) standard deviations and provides evidence for this process

    Measurement of fiducial and differential W+W− production cross-sections at s√=13 TeV with the ATLAS detector

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    A measurement of fiducial and differential cross-sections for W+W- production in proton–proton collisions at s=13 TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.1 fb - 1 is presented. Events with one electron and one muon are selected, corresponding to the decay of the diboson system as WW→ e±νμ∓ν. To suppress top-quark background, events containing jets with a transverse momentum exceeding 35 GeV are not included in the measurement phase space. The fiducial cross-section, six differential distributions and the cross-section as a function of the jet-veto transverse momentum threshold are measured and compared with several theoretical predictions. Constraints on anomalous electroweak gauge boson self-interactions are also presented in the framework of a dimension-six effective field theory

    Measurement of long-range two-particle azimuthal correlations in Z-boson tagged pp collisions at √s=8 and 13 TeV

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    © 2020, CERN for the benefit of the ATLAS collaboration. Results are presented from the measurement by ATLAS of long-range (|Δ η| > 2) dihadron angular correlations in s=8 and 13 TeV pp collisions containing a Z boson. The analysis is performed using 19.4 fb^{-1} of √s=8 TeV data recorded during Run 1 of the LHC and 36.1 fb^{-1} of √s=13 TeV data recorded during Run 2. Two-particle correlation functions are measured as a function of relative azimuthal angle over the relative pseudorapidity range 2 < |Δ η| < 5 for different intervals of charged-particle multiplicity and transverse momentum. The measurements are corrected for the presence of background charged particles generated by collisions that occur during one passage of two colliding proton bunches in the LHC. Contributions to the two-particle correlation functions from hard processes are removed using a template-fitting procedure. Sinusoidal modulation in the correlation functions is observed and quantified by the second Fourier coefficient of the correlation function, v_{2} ,_{2}, which in turn is used to obtain the single-particle anisotropy coefficient v_{2}. The v_{2} values in the Z-tagged events, integrated over 0.5 < p_{T}< 5 GeV, are found to be independent of multiplicity and √s, and consistent within uncertainties with previous measurements in inclusive pp collisions. As a function of charged-particle p_{T}, the Z-tagged and inclusive v2 values are consistent within uncertainties for p_{T}< 3 GeV

    Search for heavy resonances decaying into a pair of Z bosons in the ℓ⁺ ℓ ¯ℓ'⁺ ℓ'¯ and ℓ⁺ ℓ¯ν\bar{ν} states using 139 fb¯¹ of proton–proton collisions at \sqrt{s} = 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector

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    A search for heavy resonances decaying into a pair of Z bosons leading to \ell ^+\ell ^-\ell '^+\ell '^- and \ell ^+\ell ^-\nu {{\bar{\nu }}} final states, where \ell stands for either an electron or a muon, is presented. The search uses proton–proton collision data at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV collected from 2015 to 2018 that corresponds to the integrated luminosity of 139 \mathrm {fb}^{-1} recorded by the ATLAS detector during Run 2 of the Large Hadron Collider. Different mass ranges spanning 200 GeV to 2000 GeV for the hypothetical resonances are considered, depending on the final state and model. In the absence of a significant observed excess, the results are interpreted as upper limits on the production cross section of a spin-0 or spin-2 resonance. The upper limits for the spin-0 resonance are translated to exclusion contours in the context of Type-I and Type-II two-Higgs-doublet models, and the limits for the spin-2 resonance are used to constrain the Randall–Sundrum model with an extra dimension giving rise to spin-2 graviton excitations

    Search for top squarks in events with a Higgs or Z boson using 139 fb−1 of pp collision data at √ s = 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector

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    This paper presents a search for direct top squark pair production in events with missing transverse momentum plus either a pair of jets consistent with Standard Model Higgs boson decay into b-quarks or a same-flavour opposite-sign dilepton pair with an invariant mass consistent with a Z boson. The analysis is performed using the proton–proton collision data at s=13 TeV collected with the ATLAS detector during the LHC Run-2, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 139 fb- 1. No excess is observed in the data above the Standard Model predictions. The results are interpreted in simplified models featuring direct production of pairs of either the lighter top squark (t~ 1) or the heavier top squark (t~ 2), excluding at 95% confidence level t~ 1 and t~ 2 masses up to about 1220 and 875 GeV, respectively

    Measurement of flow harmonics correlations with mean transverse momentum in lead–lead and proton–lead collisions at \sqrt{(s)^NN}=5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector

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    To assess the properties of the quark–gluon plasma formed in ultrarelativistic ion collisions, the ATLAS experiment at the LHC measures a correlation between the mean transverse momentum and the flow harmonics. The analysis uses data samples of lead–lead and proton–lead collisions obtained at the centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of 5.02 TeV, corresponding to total integrated luminosities of \mub^{-1} and 28 nb^{-1}, respectively. The measurement is performed using a modified Pearson correlation coefficient with the charged-particle tracks on an event-by-event basis. The modified Pearson correlation coefficients for the 2nd-, 3rd-, and 4th-order flow harmonics are measured in the lead–lead collisions as a function of event centrality quantified as the number of charged particles or the number of nucleons participating in the collision. The measurements are performed for several intervals of the charged-particle transverse momentum. The correlation coefficients for all studied harmonics exhibit a strong centrality evolution, which only weakly depends on the charged-particle momentum range. In the proton–lead collisions, the modified Pearson correlation coefficient measured for the 2nd-order flow harmonics shows only weak centrality dependence. The lead-lead data is qualitatively described by the predictions based on the hydrodynamical model
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