12,338 research outputs found

    Search for diphoton resonances in the mass range from 150 to 850 GeV in pp collisions at root s=8 TeV

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    Results are presented of a search for heavy particles decaying into two photons. The analysis is based on a 19.7 fb(-1) sample of proton-proton collisions at root s = 8 TeV collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The diphoton mass spectrum from 150 to 850 GeV is used to search for an excess of events over the background. The search is extended to new resonances with natural widths of up to 10% of the mass value. No evidence for new particle production is observed and limits at 95% confidence level on the production cross section times branching fraction to diphotons are determined. These limits are interpreted in terms of two-Higgs-doublet model parameters. (C) 2015 CERN for the benefit of the CMS Collaboration. Published by Elsevier B.V

    Generating colours through a novel approach based on spatial ALD and laser processing

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    This work studies the combination of direct femtosecond laser structuring of metal surfaces and Spatial Atomic Layer Deposition (SALD) of metal oxides as a novel approach to generate colours on different types of day-to-day metallic objects. In particular, a stainless-steel knife and an outdated 25 ct Dutch florin coin have been selected for the study. Our results show that it is possible both, to preserve the iridescence properties produced by laser processing and to tune the final metal surface colour by controlling the thickness of the ZnO coating. At the same time, this oxide coating could act as a protecting layer for the original material. We thus explore two different strategies to generate colour, namely, iridescence and interference, which can be even developed selectively. This novel methodology to colour metallic surfaces is a promising route to achieve cheap, scalable, and high-throughput processing methods and opens up a new avenue of possibilities and applications related to colour

    Levodopa-refractory hyperprolactinemia and pituitary findings in inherited disorders of biogenic amine metabolism

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    Elevated serum prolactin concentrations occur in inherited disorders of biogenic amine metabolism because dopamine deficiency leads to insufficient inhibition of prolactin secretion. This work from the International Working Group on Neurotransmitter Related Disorders (iNTD) presents the results of the first standardized study on levodopa-refractory hyperprolactinemia (LRHP; >1000 mU/L) and pituitary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities in patients with inherited disorders of biogenic amine metabolism. Twenty-six individuals had LRHP or abnormal pituitary findings on MRI. Tetrahydrobiopterin deficiencies were the most common diagnoses (n = 22). The median age at diagnosis of LRHP was 16 years (range: 2.5-30, 1st-3rd quartiles: 12.25-17 years). Twelve individuals (nine females) had symptoms attributed to hyperprolactinemia: menstruation-related abnormalities (n = 7), pubertal delay or arrest (n = 5), galactorrhea (n = 3), and decreased sexual functions (n = 2). MRI of the pituitary gland was obtained in 21 individuals; six had heterogeneity/hyperplasia of the gland, five had adenoma, and 10 had normal findings. Eleven individuals were treated with the dopamine agonist cabergoline, ameliorating the hyperprolactinemia-related symptoms in all those assessed. Routine monitoring of these symptoms together with prolactin concentrations, especially after the first decade of life, should be taken into consideration during follow-up evaluations. The potential of slow-release levodopa formulations and low-dose dopamine agonists as part of first-line therapy in the prevention and treatment of hyperprolactinemia should be investigated further in animal studies and human trials. This work adds hyperprolactinemia-related findings to the current knowledge of the phenotypic spectrum of inherited disorders of biogenic amine metabolism

    Search for W ' decaying to tau lepton and neutrino in proton-proton collisions at root s=8 TeV