20,194 research outputs found

    Symmetries in nonlinear Bethe-Heitler process

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    Nonlinear Bethe-Heitler process in a bichromatic laser field is investigated using strong-field QED formalism. Symmetry properties of angular distributions of created ee+e^-e^+ pairs are analyzed. These properties are showed to be governed by a behavior of the vector potential characterizing the laser field, rather than by the respective electric field component.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

    On a scale-invariant Fermi gas in a time-dependent harmonic potential

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    We investigate a scale-invariant two-component Fermi gas in a time-dependent isotropic harmonic potential. The exact time evolution of the density distribution in position space in any spatial dimension is obtained. Two experimentally relevant examples, an abrupt change and a periodic modulation of the trapping frequency are solved. Small deviations from scale invariance and isotropy of the confinement are addressed within first order perturbation theory. We discuss the consequences for experiments with ultracold quantum gases such as the excitation of a tower of undamped breathing modes and a new alternative for measuring the Tan contact.Comment: 6+3 pages, 2 figures; revised and extended versio

    Non trivial generalizations of the Schwinger pair production result II

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    It is suggested that Schwinger's (1951) vacuum persistence probability against pair production by an intense but constant electric field is a very good approximation to the corresponding quantity if the field does not vary appreciably over distances less than m/e/E/5 pagesComment: 5 page

    Coherence and Josephson oscillations between two tunnel-coupled one-dimensional atomic quasicondensates at finite temperature

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    We revisit the theory of tunnel-coupled atomic quasicondensates in double-well elongated traps at finite temperatures. Using the functional-integral approach, we calculate the relative-phase correlation function beyond the harmonic limit of small fluctuations of the relative phase and its conjugate relative-density variable. We show that the thermal fluctuations of the relative phase between the two quasicondensates decrease the frequency of Josephson oscillations and even wash out these oscillations for small values of the tunnel coupling.Comment: revtex4, 4 figures (.eps

    Multiple colliding electromagnetic pulses: a way to lower the threshold of e+ee^+e^- pair production from vacuum

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    The scheme of simultaneous multiple pulse focusing on one spot naturally arises from the structural features of projected new laser systems, such as ELI and HiPER. It is shown that the multiple pulse configuration is beneficial for observing e+ee^+e^- pair production from vacuum under the action of sufficiently strong electromagnetic fields. The field of the focused pulses is described using a realistic three-dimensional model based on an exact solution of the Maxwell equations. The e+ee^+e^- pair production threshold in terms of electromagnetic field energy can be substantially lowered if, instead of one or even two colliding pulses, multiple pulses focused on one spot are used. The multiple pulse interaction geometry gives rise to subwavelength field features in the focal region. These features result in the production of extremely short e+ee^+e^- bunches.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figure

    Multidimensional Worldline Instantons

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    We extend the worldline instanton technique to compute the vacuum pair production rate for spatially inhomogeneous electric background fields, with the spatial inhomogeneity being genuinely two or three dimensional, both for the magnitude and direction of the electric field. Other techniques, such as WKB, have not been applied to such higher dimensional problems. Our method exploits the instanton dominance of the worldline path integral expression for the effective action.Comment: 22 pages, 13 figure

    From Popov-Fedotov trick to universal fermionization

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    We show that Popov-Fedotov trick of mapping spin-1/2 lattice systems on two-component fermions with imaginary chemical potential readily generalizes to bosons with a fixed (but not limited) maximal site occupation number, as well as to fermionic Hamiltonians with various constraints on the site Fock states. In a general case, the mapping---fermionization---is on multi-component fermions with many-body non-Hermitian interactions. Additionally, the fermionization approach allows one to convert large many-body couplings into single-particle energies, rendering the diagrammatic series free of large expansion parameters; the latter is essential for the efficiency and convergence of the diagrammatic Monte Carlo method.Comment: 4 pages, no figures (v2 contains some improvements; the most important one is the generic complex chemical potential trick for spins/bosons
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