4,510 research outputs found

    KATRIN Sensitivity to Sterile Neutrino Mass in the Shadow of Lightest Neutrino Mass

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    The presence of light sterile neutrinos would strongly modify the energy spectrum of the Tritium \beta-electrons. We perform an analysis of the KATRIN experiment's sensitivity by scanning almost all the allowed region of neutrino mass-squared difference and mixing angles of the 3+1 scenario. We consider the effect of the unknown absolute mass scale of active neutrinos on the sensitivity of KATRIN to the sterile neutrino mass. We show that after 3 years of data-taking, the KATRIN experiment can be sensitive to mixing angles as small as sin^2 (2\theta_s) ~ 10^-2. Particularly we show that for small mixing angles, sin^2 (2\theta_s) < 0.1, the KATRIN experiment can gives the strongest limit on active-sterile mass-squared difference.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, matches the published versio

    A torsional completion of gravity for Dirac matter fields and its applications to neutrino oscillations

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    In this paper, we consider the torsional completion of gravitation for an underlying background filled with Dirac fields, applying it to the problem of neutrino oscillations: we discuss the effects of the induced torsional interactions as corrections to the neutrino oscillation mechanism.Comment: 4 page

    Lepton flavour violation in The Little Higgs model

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    Little Higgs models with T-parity have a new source of lepton flavour violation. In this paper we consider the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon \gmtwo and the lepton flavour violating decays \mutoeg and \tautomug in Little Higgs model with T-parity \cite{Goyal:2006vq}. Our results shows that present experimental constraints of \mutoeg is much more useful to constrain the new sources of flavour violation which are present in T-parity models.Comment: LaTeX file with 13 eps figures (included

    Testability of Type I Seesaw at the CERN LHC: Revealing the Existence of the B-L Symmetry

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    We study the possibility to test the Type I seesaw mechanism for neutrino masses at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The inclusion of three generations of right-handed neutrinos (N_i) provides an attractive option of gauging the B-L accidental symmetry in the Standard Model (as well as an extended symmetry X=Y-5(B-L)/4). The production mechanisms for the right-handed neutrinos through the Z' gauge boson in the U(1)_{B-L} and U(1)_X extensions of the Standard Model are studied. We discuss the flavor combinations of the charged leptons from the decays of N_i in the Delta L=2 channels. We find that the clean channels with dilepton plus jets and possible secondary vertices of the N decay could provide conclusive signals at the LHC in connection with the hierarchical pattern of the light neutrino masses and mixing properties within the Type I seesaw mechanism.Comment: 40 pages, 27 figures, several modifications made and accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

    Relations between Neutrino and Charged Fermion Masses

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    We find an intriguing relation between neutrino and charged fermion masses, mν32mν12:(mν22mν12)::Vtb4mτ2mb2/mt2:Vcs4mμ2ms2/mc2|m_{\nu_3^{}}^2- m_{\nu_1^{}}^2| : (m_{\nu_2^{}}^2- m_{\nu_1^{}}^2):: V_{tb}^4 m_\tau^2 m_b^2/m_t^2 : V_{cs}^4 m_\mu^2 m_s^2/m_c^2. We further indicate this relation can be predicted by a left-right symmetric model.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure. Model is slightly corrected. Title is changed. Journal versio

    Neutrino Mixing and Quark-Lepton Complementarity

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    As a result of identification of the solution to the solar neutrino problem, a rather precise relation theta_{sun} + theta_C = pi/4 between the leptonic 1-2 mixing angle theta_{sun} and the Cabibbo angle has emerged. It would mean that the lepton and the quark mixing angles add up to the maximal, suggesting a deep structure by which quarks and leptons are interrelated. We refer the relation ``quark-lepton complementarity'' (QLC) in this paper. We formulate general conditions under which the QLC relation is realized. We then present several scenarios which lead to the relation and elaborate on phenomenological consequences which can be tested by the future experiments. We also discuss implications of the QLC relation for the quark-lepton symmetry and the mechanism of neutrino mass generation.Comment: 22 pages, version to be published in Phys. Rev.

    Lepton number violating four-body tau lepton decays

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    We study the four-body tau^+- -> nu_tau l^+- l^+- X^-+ decays where l=e or mu and X=pi, K, rho and K^* mesons. These decay processes violate the total lepton number (|Delta L|=2) and can be induced by the exchange of Majorana neutrinos. We consider an scenario where these decays are dominated by the exchange of only one heavy neutrino which produces an enhancement of the decay amplitude via the resonant mechanism. Searches for these novel decay channels with branching fractions sensitivities of (10^-7) can provide constraints on the parameter space of the Majorana neutrinos which are stronger than the ones obtained from Delta L=2 decays of charged pseudoscalar mesons.Comment: REVTeX, 14 pages, 6 figures, four references added. Version accepted for publication in PR

    Viewing Lepton Mixing through the Cabibbo Haze

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    We explore the hypothesis that the Cabibbo angle is an expansion parameter for lepton as well as quark mixing. Cabibbo effects are deviations from zero mixing for the quarks but are deviations from unknown mixings for the leptons, such that lepton mixing is veiled by a Cabibbo haze. We present a systematic classification of parametrizations and catalog the leading order Cabibbo effects. We find that the size of the CHOOZ angle is not always correlated with the observability of CP violation. This phenomenological approach has practical merit both as a method for organizing top-down flavor models and as a guideline for planning future experiments.Comment: References added, minor typos fixe

    On entanglement in neutrino mixing and oscillations

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    We report on recent results about entanglement in the context of particle mixing and oscillations. We study in detail single-particle entanglement arising in two-flavor neutrino mixing. The analysis is performed first in the context of Quantum Mechanics, and then for the case of Quantum Field Theory.Comment: 14 pages, 2 figures. Presented at "Symmetries in Science Symposium - Bregenz 2009"

    Testing Supersymmetry with Lepton Flavor Violating tau and mu decays

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    In this work the following lepton flavor violating τ\tau and μ\mu decays are studied: τμμμ+\tau^- \to \mu^- \mu^- \mu^+, τeee+\tau^- \to e^- e^- e^+, μeee+\mu^- \to e^- e^- e^+, τμγ\tau^- \to \mu^- \gamma, τeγ\tau^- \to e^- \gamma and μeγ\mu^- \to e^- \gamma. We work in a supersymmetric scenario consisting of the minimal supersymmetric standard model particle content, extended by the addition of three heavy right handed Majorana neutrinos and their supersymmetric partners, and where the generation of neutrino masses is done via the seesaw mechanism. Within this context, a significant lepton flavor mixing is generated in the slepton sector due to the Yukawa neutrino couplings, which is transmited from the high to the low energies via the renormalization group equations. This slepton mixing then generates via loops of supersymmetric particles significant contributions to the rates of lj3lil_j \to 3 l_i and the correlated ljliγl_j \to l_i \gamma decays. We analize here in full detail these rates in terms of the relevant input parameters, which are the usual minimal supergravity parameters and the seesaw parameters. For the lj3lil_j \to 3 l_i decays, a full one-loop analytical computation of all the contributing supersymmetric loops is presented. This completes and corrects previous computations in the literature. In the numerical analysis compatibility with the most recent experimental upper bounds on all these τ\tau and μ\mu decays, with the neutrino data, and with the present lower bounds on the supersymmetric particle masses are required. Two typical scenarios with degenerate and hierarchical heavy neutrinos are considered. We will show here that the minimal supergravity and seesaw parameters do get important restrictions from these τ\tau and μ\mu decays in the hierarchical neutrino case.Comment: Version to appear in Physical Review