43 research outputs found

    Martin Heidegger and Emanuele Severino: A Dispute on the Meaning of Technology

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    Martin Heidegger and Emanuele Severino reÔ¨āected on the meaning of technology more than anyone else in the twentieth century. Their philosophies are irreconcilable. They converge on this simple recognition and its implications: techno‚Äźscience dominates our time. But they disagree even on the interpretation of this domination. Exploring this disagreement will help us understand the leading dynamics of our civilization. Therefore, the intention in this paper is to unveil, for English speakers, the value of Severino‚Äôs philosophy in relation to Heidegger and the meaning technology. We will see that, ultimately, their disagreement concerns the originary truth of Being and has repercussions on how they conceptualize technology and the possibility of redemption from it. Heidegger indicated the letting‚Äźbe of beings in their freedom as the possible path beyond technology. Severino saw Heidegger‚Äôs indication as destined to remain trapped in technology itself. If we understand why this was so ‚Äď from Severino‚Äôs point of view ‚Äď this may open a new path for us: the path of day, the path that may truly lead beyond technology. The aim of this paper is, Ô¨Ānally, to indicate one reason why delving into Severino‚Äôs works is truly worthwhile: if it is possible for the truth to unveil itself beyond willing ‚Äď where Heidegger couldn‚Äôt see ‚Äď then Severino‚Äôs works may the place where this possibility appears in coherent conceptual form

    Accuracy and Predictors of Success of EUS-B-FNA in the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Malignant Lesions: A Prospective Multicenter Italian Study

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    none16Background: The role of endoscopic ultrasound with bronchoscope fine-needle aspiration (EUS-B-FNA) in the diagnosis of suspected malignant pulmonary lesions adjacent to the esophagus has been poorly investigated. The aim of the present study was to assess the accuracy of EUS-B-FNA for the diagnosis and molecular profiling of paraesophageal pulmonary lesions, as well as its predictors of success. Materials and Methods: Patients who underwent EUS-B-FNA for the diagnosis of paraesophageal lesions were consecutively enrolled in four Italian centers. Demographic, clinical, procedural, pathological, and molecular characteristics of the malignant samples were collected. The primary outcome was the diagnostic accuracy for pulmonary malignancies. Secondary outcomes were diagnostic yield and predictors of success for diagnosis and molecular profiling. Results: 107 adult patients (60 [56.1%] males; median (interquartile range) age: 69 [60-70] years) were enrolled. The diagnostic accuracy of EUS-B-FNA was 95.3% in the overall cohort and 95.2% in the 99 patients with a final diagnosis of malignancy. Neither clinical nor procedural variables significantly affected the diagnostic accuracy, whereas rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE), performed by pathologists or trained pulmonologists, was a strong predictor for a complete molecular profiling (OR [95% CI]: 12.9 [1.2-137.4]; p value: 0.03). Conclusion: EUS-B-FNA is a safe and accurate method for the diagnosis of paraesophageal pulmonary lesions. The presence of ROSE is relevant for a complete molecular profiling in this selected cohort of patients with advanced lung cancer.noneMondoni, Michele; Gasparini, Stefano; Varone, Francesco; Trisolini, Rocco; Mancino, Laura; Rossi, Giulio; Carlucci, Paolo; Bonifazi, Martina; Mei, Federico; Zuccatosta, Lina; Michieletto, Lucio; Pitari, Federica; Saderi, Laura; Richeldi, Luca; Centanni, Stefano; Sotgiu, GiovanniMondoni, Michele; Gasparini, Stefano; Varone, Francesco; Trisolini, Rocco; Mancino, Laura; Rossi, Giulio; Carlucci, Paolo; Bonifazi, Martina; Mei, Federico; Zuccatosta, Lina; Michieletto, Lucio; Pitari, Federica; Saderi, Laura; Richeldi, Luca; Centanni, Stefano; Sotgiu, Giovann

    Aeschylus at the Origin of Philosophy: Emanuele Severino’s Interpretation of the Aeschylean Tragedies

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    The late Emanuele Severino (1929–2020) was an Italian philosopher whose work on Aeschylus has not yet been made available in English. In Il giogo: alle origini della ragione: Eschilo (The Yoke: At the Origins of Reason: Aeschylus, 1989), Severino seeks to demonstrate that Aeschylus belongs amongst the founders of philosophy, i.e., that Aeschylus was the first to set down some of philosophy’s most fundamental principles, including that ontological becoming produces unbearable suffering and that the only remedy to suffering is knowledge of the truth. Thus, by introducing readers to Severino’s interpretation, and by translating various passages of his work, this article aims to enlarge Severino’s readership and spread his argument for the philosophical stature of Aeschylus

    The Existentialist Contradiction in David Foster Wallace: How Wallace’s Sociology Illuminates the Contradiction in Wallace’s Ethics

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    This essay argues that Wallace’s non-fiction presents a sociology that constitutes the foundation of Wallace’s literary project. By tracing the influences of Wallace’s sociology and by contrasting Wallace’s non-fictional works with those of Zygmunt Bauman, Ulrich Beck, Anthony Giddens and Christopher Lasch, this essay provides a necessary contribution to an adequate critique of the foundation of Wallace’s literary ethics. Finally, the analysis proposes that an existentialist contradiction pervades Wallace’s work. This contradiction revolves around the problem of free will, and it characterizes a particularly strong wave of contemporary western ethics

    Aeschylus at the Origin of Philosophy: Emanuele Severino’s Interpretation of the Aeschylean Tragedies

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    The late Emanuele Severino (1929-2020) was an Italian philosopher whose work on Aeschylus has not yet been made available in English. In Il giogo: alle origini della ragione: Eschilo (The Yoke: At the Origins of Reason: Aeschylus, 1989), Severino seeks to demonstrate that Aeschylus belongs amongst the founders of philosophy, i.e., that Aeschylus was the first to set down some of philos-ophy’s most fundamental principles, including that ontological becoming produces unbearable suffering and that the only remedy to suffering is knowledge of the truth. Thus, by introducing readers to Severino’s interpretation, and by translating various passages of his work, this article aims to enlarge Severino’s readership and spread his argument for the philosophical stature of Aeschylus

    In Defense of Literary Truth: A Response to Truth, Fiction, and Literature by Peter Lamarque and Stein Haugom Olsen to Inquire into No-Truth Theories of Literature, Pragmatism, and the Ontology of Fictional Objects

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    This article responds to the arguments put forth by Peter Lamarque and Stein Haugom Olsen in Truth, Fiction, and Literature: A Philosophical Perspective (1994). It argues that the said work is representative of the widespread tendency in literary theory today to discard the possibility of literary truth, and it provides counterarguments to the work’s main theses. Consequently, it criticizes the philosophy of pragmatism and its implications, and it offers a theory that defines fictional objects as existing and solves contradictions that commonly affect our debates on the ontology of fiction. The article does not provide a positive theory of literary truth, but it undermines its denials, which have become popular in recent decades

    The Problem of Literary Truth in Plato’s Republic and Aristotle’s Poetics

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    In contemporary literary theory, Plato is often cited as the original repudiator of literary truth, and Aristotle as he who set down that literature is ‚Äúimitation,‚ÄĚ thus himself involuntarily ban-ning literature from truth. This essay argues that these interpretations adulterate the original ar-guments of Plato and Aristotle, who both believed in literary truth. We‚ÄĒliterary theorists and philosophers of literature‚ÄĒshould recognize this and rethink our interpretation of these ancient texts. This will, in turn, lead us to ask better questions about the nature of literary truth and value

    ‚ÄúThe Influence of Sartre‚Äôs ‚ÄėWhat Is Literature?‚Äô on David Foster Wallace‚Äôs Literary Project‚ÄĚ

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    This article argues that Sartre‚Äôs ‚ÄúWhat Is Literature?‚ÄĚ had a profound and direct influence on David Foster Wallace‚Äôs conception of literature. At the very least, a number of factors oblige scholars to take this interpretation seriously. We know that Sartre‚Äôs existentialism pervades Wallace‚Äôs fiction, that Wallace repeatedly mentioned the Existentialists throughout his work, that he‚Äôd learned French to read them in the original, and that Sartre was one of his favorites, as testified by Zadie Smith. Most importantly, a comparative analysis of Sartre‚Äôs text and Wallace‚Äôs nonfiction shows not only striking parallels but also almost exact repetitions in the writers‚Äô fundamental ideals. In this sense, Sartre‚Äôs direct influence on Wallace appears so major as to invest multiple specific details of Wallace‚Äôs conception of literature both in its content and in the logical structuring of that content. In this article, we explore the extent of this influence through a structured investigation of its multiple features, showing that many of Wallace‚Äôs tenets‚Äďthe rejection of Realism, the affirmation of meaning-as-use and of literature as a means to human communion and individual and social engagement, and many many more‚Äďfollow from Sartre‚Äôs discourse

    Emanuele Severino on the Meaning of Scientific Specialization: An Introduction

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    Science appears, to the eyes of contemporary man, as the most reliable guide to the human enterprise. However, we possess little awareness as to what the proper meaning of scientific specialization is, and this knowledge is indispensable if we are not to proceed mindlessly in our relations to being. One of the most profound, coherent, and penetrating insights into this matter is constituted by the work of contemporary Italian philosopher Emanuele Severino, whose discourse demonstrates how scientific specialization is the most coherent consequence of humanity's most ancestral relationship to being, how every human decision enacts the essence of scientific specialization, and thus why all denunciations of scientific specialization have fallen, and must continue to fall, unheeded, by necessity. Thus, by focusing on one of Severino's major theoretical works (Oltre il linguaggio, 1992), but also with an eye to several other key texts, this essay aims to introduce international readers to Severino's discourse, and in order to do so translates passages of his work that have never appeared in English
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