1,582 research outputs found

    Effect of the Counterion on Circularly Polarized Luminescence of Europium(III) and Samarium(III) Complexes

    Get PDF
    Each enantiopure europium(III) and samarium(III) nitrate and triflate complex of the ligand L, with L = N,N'-bis(2-pyridylmethylidene)-1,2-(R,R + S,S)-cyclohexanediamine ([LnL(tta)2]·NO3 and [LnL(tta)2(H2O)]·CF3SO3, where tta = 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetylacetonate) has been synthesized and characterized from a spectroscopic point of view, using a chiroptical technique such as electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and circularly polarized luminescence (CPL). In all cases, both ligands are capable of sensitizing the luminescence of both metal ions upon absorption of light around 280 and 350 nm. Despite small differences in the total luminescence (TL) and ECD spectra, the CPL activity of the complexes is strongly influenced by a concurrent effect of the solvent and counterion. This particularly applies to europium(III) complexes where the CPL spectra in acetonitrile can be described as a weighed linear combination of the CPL spectra in dichloromethane and methanol, which show nearly opposite signatures when their ligand stereochemistries are the same. This phenomenon could be related to the presence of equilibria interconverting solvated, anion-coordinated complexes and isomers differing by the relative orientation of the tta ligands. The difference between some bond lengths (M-N bonds, in particular) in the different species could be at the basis of such an unusual CPL activity

    Eu(iii) and Tb(iii) complexes of 6-fold coordinating ligands showing high affinity for the hydrogen carbonate ion: A spectroscopic and thermodynamic study

    Get PDF
    In the present contribution, four classes of Ln(iii) complexes (Ln = Eu and Tb) have been synthesized and characterized in aqueous solution. They differ by charge, Ln(bpcd)+ [bpcd2- = N,N'-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane N,N'-diacetate] and Ln(bQcd)+ (bQcd2- = N,N'-bis(2-quinolinmethyl)-trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane N,N'-diacetate) being positively charged and Ln(PyC3A) (PyC3A3- = N-picolyl-N,N',N'-trans-l,2-cyclohexylenediaminetriacetate) and Ln(QC3A) (QC3A3- = N-quinolyl-N,N',N'-trans-l,2-cyclohexylenediaminetriacetate) being neutral. Combined DFT, spectrophotometric and potentiometric studies reveal the presence, under physiological conditions (pH 7.4), of a couple of equally and highly stable isomers differing by the stereochemistry of the ligands (trans-N,N and trans-O,O for bpcd2- and bQcd2-; trans-O,O and trans-N,O for PyC3A3- and QC3A3-). Their high log\u2009\u3b2 values (9.97 < log\u2009\u3b2 < 15.68), the presence of an efficient antenna effect and the strong increase of the Ln(iii) luminescence intensity as a function of the hydrogen carbonate concentration in physiological solution, render these complexes as very promising optical probes for a selective detection of HCO3-in cellulo or in extracellular fluid. This particularly applies to the cationic Eu(bpcd)+, Tb(bpcd)+ and Eu(bQcd)+ complexes, which are capable of guesting up to two hydrogen carbonate anions in the inner coordination sphere of the metal ion, so that they show an unprecedented affinity towards HCO3- (log\u2009K for the formation of the adduct in the 4.6-5.9 range)

    An image-based modeling framework for patient-specific computational hemodynamics

    Get PDF
    We present a modeling framework designed for patient-specific computational hemodynamics to be performed in the context of large-scale studies. The framework takes advantage of the integration of image processing, geometric analysis and mesh generation techniques, with an accent on full automation and high-level interaction. Image segmentation is performed using implicit deformable models taking advantage of a novel approach for selective initialization of vascular branches, as well as of a strategy for the segmentation of small vessels. A robust definition of centerlines provides objective geometric criteria for the automation of surface editing and mesh generation. The framework is available as part of an open-source effort, the Vascular Modeling Toolkit, a first step towards the sharing of tools and data which will be necessary for computational hemodynamics to play a role in evidence-based medicine

    Effect of the Heteroaromatic Antenna on the Binding of Chiral Eu(III) Complexes to Bovine Serum Albumin

    Get PDF
    The cationic enantiopure R) and luminescent Eu(III) complex [Eu(bisoQcd)(H2O)(2)] OTf (with bisoQcd = N,N'-bis(2-isaquinolinmethyl)-trarts-1,2diaminocyclohexane N/N1 -diacetate and OTf = triflate) was synthesized and characterized. At physiological pH, the 1:1 [Eu(bisoQcd)(H2O)(2)](+) species, possessing two water molecules in the inner coordination sphere, is largely dominant. The interaction with bovine serum albumin (BSA) was studied by means of several experimental techniques, such as luminescence spectroscopy, isothermal titration calorimeti-y (ITC), molecular docking (MD), and molecular dynamics simulations M11.-.)S). In this direction, a ligand competition study was also performed by using three clinically established drugs (i.e., ibuprofen, warfarin, and digito)cin). The nature of this interaction is strongly affected by the type of the involved heteroaromatic antenna in the complexes. In fact, the presence of isoqiiinolirie rings drives the corresponding complex toward the protein superficial area containing the tryptophan residue 134 (Trp134). As the main consequence, the metal center undergoes the loss of one water molecule upon interaction with the side chain of a glutamic acid residue. On the other hand, the similar complex containing pyridine rings f[Eti(bpcd)(H2O)(2)]Cl with bpcd = N,N'-bis(2-pytidylmethyl)-trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane N,N'-diacetate)interacts more weakly with the protein in a different superficial cavity, without losing the coordinated water molecules

    A chiral lactate reporter based on total and circularly polarized Tb(iii) luminescence

    Get PDF
    The coordination features and signaling of a l-lactate ion by a [Tb(bpcd)]+(bpcd = N,N′-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane-N,N′-diacetate) complex have been investigated by means of a combination of techniques, including total luminescence, calorimetry and circularly polarized luminescence. The l-lactate/[Tb(bpcd)]+association constant, determined by both luminescence titration and isothermal titration calorimetry, indicates a weak interaction (log K = 1.3-1.45) between the analyte and both enantiomers of the complex. The theoretical DFT calculations suggest that the most likely coordination of l-lactate to the possible stereoisomers of the [Tb(S,S-bpcd)]+complex (trans-O,O or trans-Npy,Npy) is one involving a hydroxyl group. The results of [Tb(rac-bpcd)]+as a chiroptical luminescent probe of l-lactate underline the peculiar role of the chiral 1,2-diaminocyclohexane (DACH) backbone. Indeed, the target anion is capable of inducing CPL activity in the racemic mixture of Tb complexes containing DACH-based ligands. The same is not observed for the achiral analogue [Tb(bped)]+(bped = N,N′-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine-N,N′-diacetate) complex, likely because of the flexibility of the ethylenic group which allows an interconversion between different isomers which produces a null net CPL activity. Thanks to the differential quantum yield of the two diastereomeric species (R,R)-l and (S,S)-l, one can use the racemic complex to reveal l-lactate by measuring the induced CPL spectrum. Interestingly, this has been demonstrated in a commercial complex solution for medical use, containing several electrolytes, namely Ringer's lactate

    Fulminant septic shock caused by Capnocytophaga canimorsus in Italy: Case report

    Get PDF
    Capnocytophaga canimorsus infection was recently recognized as a zoonosis. We report the first case of fulminant septic shock in Italy caused by this pathogen. The patient, with a history of splenectomy, died at the main hospital in Brescia with a presumptive diagnosis of sepsis. PCR and sequencing on post mortem samples confirmed C. canimorsus as a causative organism. Our purpose is to alert medical professionals to the virulence of C. canimorsus in asplenic and immunocompromised patients. Keywords: Capnocytophaga canimorsus, septic shock, PCR, sequencin

    Treg/Tcon Immunotherapy and High Dose Marrow Irradiation Ensure Full Control of Leukemia Relapse in Haploidentical Transplantation

    Get PDF
    Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the most powerful therapy for patients with high risk of relapse. In spite of that, no matter the donor source or conditioning regimen used, leukemia relapse is still the leading cause of HSCT failure. In HLA-haploidentical HSCT, we recently applied a clinical protocol consisting of total body irradiation (TBI)-based conditioning regimen and a peripheral blood CD34+ cell graft combined with the adoptive transfer of naturally occurring regulatory T cells (Tregs) and conventional T cells (Tcons). No post-transplant pharmacologic GvHD prophylaxis was given. Such protocol was associated with low GvHD and relapse rate (Martelli et al., Blood 2014). To further reduce leukemia relapse in Treg/Tcon-based haploidentical HSCT (Treg/Tcon haplo-HSCT) we used high dose hyper-fractionated TBI (HF-TBI) in the conditioning regimen. We also extended Treg/Tcon haplo-HSCT to patients that are unfit (because of previous comorbidities) and/or too old to withstand high intensity regimens. In these patients the extra-hematologic toxicity of irradiation was reduced with the use of targeted total marrow and lymph node irradiation (TMLI). 40 patients with high risk acute leukemia (36 AML, 4 ALL) received Treg/Tcon haplo-HSCT. All but 3 patients were transplanted in complete remission. 12 younger patients (median age: 28, range: 20-43) received HF-TBI, while 28 older or unfit patients (59, 40-70) received TMLI in the conditioning regimen. HF-TBI (14.4 Gy) was administered in 12 fractions, 3 times a day for 4 days. TMLI was administered by means of Helical Tomotherapy HI-ART (9 fractions, 2 times a day for 4.5 days). Irradiation was followed by chemotherapy with Thiotepa, Fludarabine, and Cyclophosphamide. 2 × 106/kg freshly isolated CD4+CD25+FOXP3+ Tregs were transferred 4 days before the infusion of 1 × 106/kg Tcons and a mega-dose of CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells. No post-transplant pharmacologic GvHD prophylaxis was given. 38/40 patients engrafted. 12 (31%) developed aGvHD grade ³2 (10 are alive and off-therapy). 6 (16%) died because of transplant related complications (2 because of aGvHD, 2 infections, 1 veno-occlusive disease, 1 intracranial hemorrhage). Strikingly, despite the high risk diseases, no patient relapsed after a median follow up of 13 months (range 1-36, Fig. A). Further, only 1 patient developed cGvHD. Thus, cGvHD/Leukemia-free survival was 82% (Fig. B). Treg adoptive transfer allows for the safe infusion of an otherwise lethal dose of donor alloreactive Tcons in the absence of any other form of immune suppression. Our results demonstrate that the potent graft versus leukemia effect of Treg/Tcon adoptive transfer was boosted by high dose marrow irradiation. Thus, this study proves that the right combination of haploidentical Treg/Tcon immunotherapy plus a powerful conditioning regimen can fully eradicate leukemia

    Dynamics of the Energy Transfer Process in Eu(III) Complexes Containing Polydentate Ligands Based on Pyridine, Quinoline, and Isoquinoline as Chromophoric Antennae

    Get PDF
    In this work, we investigated from a theoretical point of view the dynamics of the energy transfer process from the ligand to Eu(III) ion for 12 isomeric species originating from six different complexes differing by nature of the ligand and the total charge. The cationic complexes present the general formula [Eu(L)(H2O)2]+ (where L = bpcd2- = N,N'-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane N,N'-diacetate; bQcd2- = N,N'-bis(2-quinolinmethyl)-trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane N,N'-diacetate; and bisoQcd2- = N,N'-bis(2-isoquinolinmethyl)-trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane N,N'-diacetate), while the neutral complexes present the Eu(L)(H2O)2 formula (where L = PyC3A3- = N-picolyl-N,N',N'-trans-1,2-cyclohexylenediaminetriacetate; QC3A3- = N-quinolyl-N,N',N'-trans-1,2-cyclohexylenediaminetriacetate; and isoQC3A3- = N-isoquinolyl-N,N',N'-trans-1,2-cyclohexylenediaminetriacetate). Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations provided the energy of the ligand excited donor states, distances between donor and acceptor orbitals involved in the energy transfer mechanism (RL), spin-orbit coupling matrix elements, and excited-state reorganization energies. The intramolecular energy transfer (IET) rates for both singlet-triplet intersystem crossing and ligand-to-metal (and vice versa) involving a multitude of ligand and Eu(III) levels and the theoretical overall quantum yields (ϕovl) were calculated (the latter for the first time without the introduction of experimental parameters). This was achieved using a blend of DFT, Judd-Ofelt theory, IET theory, and rate equation modeling. Thanks to this study, for each isomeric species, the most efficient IET process feeding the Eu(III) excited state, its related physical mechanism (exchange interaction), and the reasons for a better or worse overall energy transfer efficiency (ηsens) in the different complexes were determined. The spectroscopically measured ϕovl values are in good agreement with the ones obtained theoretically in this work

    The synthetic killer peptide KP impairs Candida albicans biofilm in vitro

    Get PDF
    Candida albicans is a commensal organism, commonly inhabiting mucosal surfaces of healthy individuals, as a part of the resident microbiota. However, in susceptible hosts, especially hospitalized and/or immunocompromised patients, it may cause a wide range of infections. The presence of abiotic substrates, such as central venous or urinary catheters, provides an additional niche for Candida attachment and persistence, particularly via biofilm development. Furthermore, Candida biofilm is poorly susceptible to most antifungals, including azoles. Here we investigated the effects of a synthetic killer peptide (KP), known to be active in vitro, ex vivo and/or in vivo against different pathogens, on C. albicans biofilm. Together with a scrambled peptide used as a negative control, KP was tested against Candida biofilm at different stages of development. A reference strain, two fluconazole-resistant and two fluconazole-susceptible C. albicans clinical isolates were used. KP-induced C. albicans oxidative stress response and membrane permeability were also analysed. Moreover, the effect of KP on transcriptional profiles of C. albicans genes involved in different stages of biofilm development, such as cell adhesion, hyphal development and extracellular matrix production, was evaluated. Our results clearly show that the treatment with KP strongly affected the capacity of C. albicans to form biofilm and significantly impairs preformed mature biofilm. KP treatment resulted in an increase in C. albicans oxidative stress response and membrane permeability; also, biofilm-related genes expression was significantly reduced. Comparable inhibitory effects were observed in all the strains employed, irrespective of their resistance or susceptibility to fluconazole. Finally, KP-mediated inhibitory effects were observed also against a catheter-associated C. albicans biofilm. This study provides the first evidence on the KP effectiveness against C. albicans biofilm, suggesting that KP may be considered as a potential novel tool for treatment and prevention of biofilm-related C. albicans infections
    • …