19 research outputs found

    Kje so pesmi doma? Zna─Źilnosti prostorske razporeditve zapisov izbranih tipov slovenskih ljudskih pesmi

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    V ─Źlanku je predstavljena prostorska analiza razporeditve 619 zapisov 10 izbranih tipov slovenskih ljudskih pesmi. Zapisi so razli─Źno razporejeni po slovenskih pokrajinah. Petina vseh je bila zapisana na Gorenjskem, po ┼ítevil─Źnosti pa sledijo tisti z Dolenjske, celjskega obmo─Źja ┼átajerske in mariborskega obmo─Źja ┼átajerske. *** The paper presents a spatial analysis of the distribution of 619 versions of ten selected types of Slovenian folk songs. The versions are variously distributed across SloveniaÔÇÖs regions. A fifth of them were found in Gorenjska, followed numerically by Dolenjska, the Celje region of ┼átajerska, and the Maribor region of ┼átajerska

    Land-use changes and the resulting socio-economic population structure in the Upper Gorenjska region

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    Avtorja v ─Źlanku analizirata rabo tal na Zgornjem Gorenjskem v letih 1827, 1896, 1979 in 2002. Leta 1827 je bilo na obravnavanem obmo─Źju 49 % zemlji┼í─Ź pod gozdom, leta 2002 pa kar 72 %. Medtem ko je bilo v 19. st. in prvi polovici 20 st. v rabi tal zelo malo sprememb, pa so dru┼żbene spremembe po 2. sv. vojni spro┼żile obse┼żen proces ozelenjevanja in ┼íe posebej ogozdovanja, ki traja ┼íe danes. Zanimive so povezave med spremembami rabe tal ter socialno-ekonomsko sestavo prebivalstva, ki ka┼żejo, da se le-te v pokrajini zrcalijo ┼íele po dalj┼íem ─Źasu.The paper analyses land-use changes in the Upper Gorenjska region (Slovenia) in the years 1827, 1896, 1979 and 2002. In 1827, 49 % of the land was covered with woods, whereas by 2002 this figure increased to no less than 72 %. While in the 19th century and in the first half of the 20th century only few changesoccurred as far as land-use is concerned, social changes took place after World War II that triggered an extensive process of land greening and afforestation, which in fact still lasts. Particularly interesting are the relations between the changes in land-use and the socio-economic population structure, which show that they are reflected in the region with a considerable delay

    The Franziscean Land Cadastre as a Key to Understanding the 19th-century Cultural Landscape in Slovenia

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    The aim of the article is to present the use of the Franziscean Cadastre in studying past land use and reconstructing the rural cultural landscape of the 19thcentury. Special attention is devoted to pre-senting the content and accessibility of archival materials. By comparing maps from the Franziscean Cadastre with current land use, we successfully determined the changes, particularly in the rural cultural landscape. A general trend in Slovenia is the selective abandoning of farm land, which has had a great impact on the appearance of the landscape: cultivated fields become meadows, once cultivated areas on less favourable sites are overgrown by forest, and the same occurs with pastures. On the basis of case studies, we estab-lished the great usefulness and value of the Franziscean Cadastre, which still exists for almost the entire territory of today's Slovenia

    Spremembe rabe tal v slovenskem alpskem svetu

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    The study deals with changes in land use in the 19th and 20th centuries in Slovenia's alpine region. The aim of the research was not only to study the changes in land use but also to determine the relationship between changes in land use and relief elements and their connection with sociogeographical factors and their development.Land use is a dynamic element of the landscape that is studied with the help of various resources. Special attention was given to determining the accuracy of the sources used to enable a correct interpretation of the results. Because of the uniform and only slightly changed methodology of collecting data employed since the first established stable (Franciscan) cadastre in the first half of the 19th century, it was confirmed that the data on land use from the land register is a very suitable source, primarily for establishing changes in land use over longer periods and for larger spatial units (mezzo-regions, regions), in spite of its otherwise lagging behind the actual situation.Knjiga obravnava spremembe rabe tal v 19. in 20. stoletju na primeru slovenskega alpskega sveta. Njen namen ni zgolj preu─Źiti spremembe rabe tal, pa─Ź pa ugotoviti navezanost sprememb rabe tal na prvine povr┼íja ter njihovo povezanost z dru┼żbenogeografskimi dejavniki in njihovim razvojem. Med letoma 1827 in 1900 so bile spremembe rabe tal dokaj ┼íibke. Med letoma 1900 in 1953 so se njive ┼że za─Źele selektivno omejevati le na bolj ugodna zemlji┼í─Źa, prevladalo je ozelenjevanje. Med letoma 1953 in 1979 je prevladalo ogozdovanje, ki se je v zadnjih dveh desetletjih 20. stoletja nekoliko umirilo. Med letoma 1900 in 2000 je v slovenskem alpskem svetu gozd prerasel kar ─Źetrtino povr┼íja. Odlo─Źilen dejavnik so bile dru┼żbene razmere, med katerimi velja izpostaviti politi─Źne odlo─Źitve in zakonodajo

    Typology of SloveniaÔÇÖs Alpine Region with Emphasis on Land Use and Changes in Land Use

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    The article presents the elaboration and contents of the typology of SloveniaÔÇÖs alpine region. The smallest spatial unit of the study is the cadastral municipality (total 150), for which I assembled numerous data on land use and changes in land use, surface elements, and sociogeographical factors. To illustrate regional differences in landscape elements, I first divided SloveniaÔÇÖs alpine region into six mezzo-regions. In establishing land use and land use changes, and their correlation with surface elements and sociogeographical characteristics, I determined that the cadastral municipalities within each of the defined mezzo-regions do not necessarily have similar properties but may rather have similar properties with neighbouring cadastral municipalities in other mezzo-regions. This knowledge and numerous data layers were the basis for the elaboration of a synthetical typology of SloveniaÔÇÖs alpine region. With the help of the hierarchical method of classification into groups and factor analyses, seven types (groups) of cadastral municipalities of the alpine region appeared whose borders did not match with the defined mezzo-regions.

    Land use in selected erosion-risk areas of Tertiary low hills in Slovenia

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    In this article we determine the potential erosion risk of sites with respect to surface morphology and how it is related to the distribution of individual types of land use. We investigated the relationship between relief factors affecting erosion risk (elevation, slope, and aspect of the surface) and types of land use (arable land, vineyards, orchards, grassland, woodland, and built-up and other areas) in six 24 km2┬ásectors in Tertiary low hill areas in Slovenia: Koprska brda, Brkini, Gori┼íka brda, Haloze, Slovenske gorice and Gori─Źko. The areas selected are of particular interest due to the prevalence of rock substrates which are susceptible to erosion. The potential erosion risk was determined by the stream power index. In the Haloze sector, land use was most closely correlated with the aspect of the surface, in Slovenske gorice sector with the surface height, and in the remaining sectors with the potential erosion risk

    Spatial and functional changes in built-up areas in selected slovene rural settlements after 1991

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    We determined changes in the settled areas of rural settlements by means of aerial photos and orthophotos, statistical data, and data obtained through field research. The expert sample comprised 14 rural settlements with 500 to 1100 inhabitants from a variety of Slovene natural and statistical regions which in the past ten-year period have shown positive growth in the number of inhabitants, jobs, and houses. We identified how the following categories changed in settled areas in the period from 1991 to 2005: residential areas, areas with central functions (supply, service, and business), traffic areas and green and other open spaces. Most apparent were differences among the types of settlements. We related land use to the relief and type of settlement, to the geographical location of the settlement, to changes in its structure, and to trends in the number of jobs and extent of commuting

    Terasirana pokrajina Goriških brd

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    Agricultural terraces are the predominant landscape element in the Gori┼íka brda region. These were once made by hand, but started being built mechanically after the Second World War. Reshaping slopes into terraces increases the amount of arable farmland. Farming, especially cultivation of vineyards and orchards, is still the most important industry in this region. The development of winegrowing has indelibly marked the image of the cultural landscape here.Terraces are mostly being abandoned in regions with market-oriented mechanized farming. Much of the formerly terraced land in upper Gori┼íka brda is now completely overgrown or deteriorated. The former extent of these agricultural terraces cannot even be precisely determined using the land cadastre carried out under Emperor Franz I. In contrast, the agricultural terraces in lower Gori┼íka brda are being constantly renovated.Maintenance of terraces prevents water loss and reduces soil erosion. When the shape of hillsides is changed, large quantities of soil are moved, and steep slopes are altered, this can cause land slippage and large areas can become unstable. Detailed study indicates that Gori┼íka brda is exposed to a high risk of landslides.This study was carried out as part of Interreg project IIIB Alpine Space, titled ÔÇťThe Terraced Landscapes of the Alpine ArcÔÇŁ (ALPTER).Monografija na primeru Gori┼íkih brd predstavlja slovenske izsledke v okviru mednarodnega raziskovalnega projekta, katerega glavni namen je prepre─Źevanje propadanja terasiranih kmetijskih zemlji┼í─Ź v ┼íir┼íem obmo─Źju Alp. S terasnim preoblikovanjem pobo─Źij se pove─Źuje obdelovalno kmetijsko zemlji┼í─Źe, prepre─Źuje negativne u─Źinke erozije, tudi erozije prsti, zadr┼żi pa se tudi ve─Ź vlage in podalj┼ía talno vla┼żnost. Prevladujo─Źa pokrajinska prvina v Gori┼íkih brdih so kulturne terase. Neko─Ź so terase urejali ro─Źno, po drugi svetovni vojni pa so jih za─Źeli graditi strojno. V zgornjih Gori┼íkih brdih je zaradi negativnih demografskih gibanj veliko nekdanjih terasiranih obmo─Źij ┼że popolnoma propadlih ali zara┼í─Źenih. Nasprotno kulturne terase v spodnjih Gori┼íkih brdih lastniki nenehno obnavljajo in posodabljajo. Knjiga ni le temeljit prispevek k obravnavi kulturnih teras, ampak je najbolj poglobljeno delo o Gori┼íkih brdih nasploh

    Land-use changes and the resulting socio-economic population structure in the Upper Gorenjska region

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    The paper analyses land-use changes in the Upper Gorenjska region (Slovenia) in the years 1827, 1896, 1979 and 2002. In 1827, 49 % of the land was covered with woods, whereas by 2002 this figure increased to no less than 72 %. While in the 19th century and in the first half of the 20th century only few changesoccurred as far as land-use is concerned, social changes took place after World War II that triggered an extensive process of land greening and afforestation, which in fact still lasts. Particularly interesting are the relations between the changes in land-use and the socio-economic population structure, which show that they are reflected in the region with a considerable delay

    Napovedi sprememb rabe tal v Sloveniji do leta 2012

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    Po podatkih iz zemlji┼íkega katastra smo izdelali analizo sprememb rabe tal med letoma 1994 in 1999. Ta je bila osnova za napoved sprememb rabe tal do leta 2012. Na podlagi linearnega trenda sprememb dele┼żev povr┼íin do leta 2012 smo prikazali napovedi sprememb dele┼żev povr┼íine za osnovne zemlji┼íke kategorije. Najbolj naj bi se zmanj┼íal dele┼ż sadovnjakov, pove─Źal pa dele┼ż pozidanih povr┼íin
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