310 research outputs found

    Arithmetic and the standard electroweak theory

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    We propose the relations 1/e - e =3 and tan(2theta_W)=3/2, where e is the positron charge and theta_W is the weak angle. Present experimental data support these relations to a very high accuracy. We suggest that some duality relates the weak isospin and hypercharge gauge groups of the standard electroweak theory.Comment: Latex, 6 page

    Masses and widths of the rho(770)

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    Isospin violation in the ρ(770)\rho(770) mass and width is considered within the SS matrix approach using combined fits to the e+eπ+πe^+e^- \to\pi^+\pi^- and τντππ0\tau^- \to \nu_{\tau}\pi^-\pi^0 data performed by the ALEPH collaboration. We show that the pole position following from the parameters obtained from the ALEPH fits are not sensitive to the details of the parametrization. In this context, we have found that the pole mass difference and the pole width difference between the charged and neutral ρ\rho are consistent with zero. We show that a one loop calculation including vector, axial vector and pseudo-scalar mesons can satisfactorily describe the observed isospin breaking. We also give an estimate for the mass difference between the neutral and charged states of the a1(1260)a_1(1260).Comment: 8 pages, 1 figur

    Mixing of two-level unstable systems

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    Unstable particles can be consistently described in the framework of quantum field theory. Starting from the full S-matrix amplitudes of B^+ --> (2 pi, 3 pi) l nu decays as examples in the energy region where the rho-omega resonances are dominating, we propose a prescription for the mixing of two quasi `physical' unstable states that differs from the one obtained from the diagonalization of the M -i*Gamma/2 non-hermitian hamiltonian. We discuss some important consequences for CP violation in the K_L - K_S system.Comment: 7 pages, Latex. A factor 1/2 removed from r.h.s. of Eqs. (12)-(15). Conclusions unchange

    Binding energy corrections in positronium decays

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    Positronium annihilation amplitudes that are computed by assuming a factorization approximation with on-shell intermediate leptons, do not exhibit good analytical behavior. We propose an ansatz which allows to include binding energy corrections and obtain the correct analytical and gauge invariance behavior of these QED amplitudes. As a consequence of these non-perturbative corrections, the parapositronium and orthopositronium decay rates receive corrections of order alpha^4 and alpha^2, respectively. These new corrections for orthopositronium are relevant in view of a precise comparison between recent theoretical and experimental developments. Implications are pointed out for analogous decays of quarkonia .Comment: 11 pages, 1 .ps figure, submitted for publicatio

    Tests of flavor symmetry in J/psi decays

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    We use SU(3) flavor symmetry to analyze the PP,VPPP', VP and baryon-antibaryon decays of J/ψJ/\psi. Both, the SU(3)-invariant and -violating contributions are considered. Particular attention is paid to the interference of the electromagnetic and strong amplitudes.Comment: 8 pages, latex. Talk given at CAM-94 Physics Meetin

    Hadronic Phases and Isospin Amplitudes in D(B)ππD(B) \to \pi \pi and D(B)KKˉD(B) \to K \bar K Decays

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    Hadronic phase in ππ\pi \pi and KKˉK \bar K channels are calculated a la Regge. At the D mass one finds δπππ/3\delta_{\pi \pi} \approx \pi/3 and δKKˉπ/6\delta_{K \bar K} \approx -\pi/6 in good agreement with the CLEO data while at the B mass these angles are predicted to be, respectively, 1111^\circ and 7-7^\circ. With the hadronic phase eiδKKˉe^{i \delta_{K \bar K}} taken into account, a quark diagram decomposition of the isospin invariant amplitudes in DKKˉD \to K \bar K decays fits the data provided the exchange diagram contribution is about 1/3 of the tree level one.Comment: 10pages,late

    Parapositronium Decay and Dispersion Relations

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    Positronium decay rates are computed at the one-loop level, using convolution-type factorized amplitudes. The dynamics of this factorization is probed with dispersion relations, showing that unallowed approximations are usually made, and some ordre alpha^2 corrections missed. Further, we discuss the relevance of the Schrodinger wavefunction as the basis for perturbative calculations. Finally, we apply our formalism to the parapositronium two-photon decay.Comment: LaTeX, 13 pages, 1 eps figur

    Analytical Behaviour of Positronium Decay Amplitudes

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    Positronium annihilation amplitudes that are computed by assuming a factorization approximation with on-shell intermediate leptons do not exhibit good analytical behaviour. Using dispersion techniques, we find new contributions that interfere with the known results to restore analytical properties. Those new amplitudes which cannot be obtained using standard factorized amplitude formalism, contribute at order alpha^2. Therefore they have to be evaluated before any theoretical conclusion can be drawn upon the orthopositronium lifetime puzzle.Comment: LaTeX, 22 pages, 3 eps figure
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