152 research outputs found

    Introduction to Collider Physics

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    This is a set of four lectures presented at the Theoretical Advanced Study Institute (TASI-09) in June 2009. The goal of the lectures is to introduce students to some of the basic ideas and tools required for theoretical analysis of collider data. Several examples of Standard Model processes at electron-positron and hadron colliders are considered to illustrate these ideas. In addition, a general strategy for formulating searches for physics beyond the Standard Model is outlined. The lectures conclude with a brief survey of recent, ongoing and future searches for the Higgs boson and supersymmetric particles.Comment: 47 pages, 34 figures, contributed to TASI-09 proceedings. One reference added in v

    RPV SUSY with Same-Sign Dileptons at LHC-14

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    We estimate the sensitivity of the 14 TeV LHC run to an R-parity violating supersymmetric model, via the same-sign dilepton (SSDL) signature. We consider the simplified model with light gluinos and stops, motivated by naturalness. We find that gluinos up to 1.4 TeV can be discovered with an integrated luminosity of 300 fb-1. If a high-luminosity option is implemented and a 3000 fb-1 dataset becomes available, the gluino mass reach can be increased to 1.6-1.75 TeV.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure. Contributed to Snowmass Community Summer Study 2013. v2: references adde

    T-Quarks at the Large Hadron Collider: 2010-12

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    We study the potential of the current Large Hadron Collider (LHC) 7 TeV run to search for heavy, colored vector-like fermions, which are assumed to carry a conserved Z2 quantum number forcing them to be pair-produced. Each fermion is assumed to decay directly into a Standard Model quark and an invisible stable particle. T-odd quarks (T-quarks) and the lightest T-odd particle (LTP) of the Littlest Higgs model with T-parity provide an example of this setup. We estimate the bounds based on the published CMS search for events with jets and missing transverse energy in the 35 pb-1 data set collected in the 2010 run. We find that T-quark masses below about 450 GeV are ruled out for the LTP mass about 100 GeV. This bound is somewhat stronger than the published Tevatron constraint. We also estimate the reach with higher integrated luminosities expected in the 2011-12 run. If no deviation from the SM is observed, we expect that a bound on the T-quark mass of about 650 GeV, for the LTP mass of 300 GeV and below, can be achieved with 1 fb-1 of data. We comment on the possibility of using initial-state radiation jets to constrain the region with nearly-degenerate T-quark and LTP.Comment: 12 pages, 2 figure

    Comment on Calculation of Positron Flux from Galactic Dark Matter

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    Energetic positrons produced in annihilation or decay of dark matter particles in the Milky Way can serve as an important indirect signature of dark matter. Computing the positron flux expected in a given dark matter model involves solving transport equations, which account for interaction of positrons with matter and galactic magnetic fields. Existing calculations solve the equations inside the diffusion zone, where galactic magnetic fields confine positrons, and assume vanishing positron density on the boundaries of this zone. However, in many models, a substantial fraction of the dark matter halo lies outside the diffusion zone. Positrons produced there can then enter the diffusion zone and get trapped, potentially reaching the Earth and increasing the expected flux. We calculate this enhancement for a variety of models. We also evaluate the expected enhancement of the flux of energetic photons produced by the inverse Compton scattering of the extra positrons on starlight and cosmic microwave background. We find maximal flux enhancements of order 20% in both cases.Comment: 18 pages, 6 figures. Final version accepted for publication in Physical Review