1,933 research outputs found

    Spectral microscopic mechanisms and quantum phase transitions in a 1D correlated problem

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    In this paper we study the dominant microscopic processes that generate nearly the whole one-electron removal and addition spectral weight of the one-dimensional Hubbard model for all values of the on-site repulsion UU. We find that for the doped Mott-Hubbard insulator there is a competition between the microscopic processes that generate the one-electron upper-Hubbard band spectral-weight distributions of the Mott-Hubbard insulating phase and finite-doping-concentration metallic phase, respectively. The spectral-weight distributions generated by the non-perturbative processes studied here are shown elsewhere to agree quantitatively for the whole momentum and energy bandwidth with the peak dispersions observed by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy in quasi-one-dimensional compounds.Comment: 18 pages, 2 figure

    Charge gap in the one--dimensional dimerized Hubbard model at quarter-filling

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    We propose a quantitative estimate of the charge gap that opens in the one-dimensional dimerized Hubbard model at quarter-filling due to dimerization, which makes the system effectively half--filled, and to repulsion, which induces umklapp scattering processes. Our estimate is expected to be valid for any value of the repulsion and of the parameter describing the dimerization. It is based on analytical results obtained in various limits (weak coupling, strong coupling, large dimerization) and on numerical results obtained by exact diagonalization of small clusters. We consider two models of dimerization: alternating hopping integrals and alternating on--site energies. The former should be appropriate for the Bechgaard salts, the latter for compounds where the stacks are made of alternating TMTSFTMTSF and TMTTFTMTTF molecules. % (TMTSF)2X(TMTSF)_2 X and (TMTTF)2X(TMTTF)_2 X (XX denotes ClO4ClO_4, PF6PF_6, BrBr...).Comment: 33 pages, RevTeX 3.0, figures on reques

    Spin-Peierls instabilities of antiferromagnetic rings in a magnetic field

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    Motivated by the intriguing properties of magnetic molecular wheels at field-induced level crossings, we investigate the spin-Peierls instability of antiferromagnetic rings in a field by exact diagonalizations of a microscopic spin model coupled to the lattice via a distortion-dependent Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. We show that, beyond the unconditional instability at level crossings for infinitesimal magnetoelastic coupling, the model is characterized by a stronger tendency to distort at higher level crossings and by a dramatic angular dependence with very sharp torque anomalies when the field is almost in the plane of the ring. These predictions are shown to compare remarkably well with available torque and nuclear magnetic resonance data on CsFe8. © 2009 The American Physical Society

    Spin-Charge Decoupling and Orthofermi Quantum Statistics

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    Currently Gutzwiller projection technique and nested Bethe ansatz are two main methods used to handle electronic systems in the UU infinity limit. We demonstrate that these two approaches describe two distinct physical systems. In the nested Bethe ansatz solutions, there is a decoupling between the spin and charge degrees of freedom. Such a decoupling is absent in the Gutzwiller projection technique. Whereas in the Gutzwiller approach, the usual antisymmetry of space and spin coordinates is maintained, we show that the Bethe ansatz wave function is compatible with a new form of quantum statistics, viz., orthofermi statistics. In this statistics, the wave function is antisymmetric in spatial coordinates alone. This feature ultimately leads to spin-charge decoupling.Comment: 12 pages, LaTex Journal_ref: A slightly abridged version of this paper has appeared as a brief report in Phys. Rev. B, Vol. 63, 132405 (2001

    Ferromagnetism in multi--band Hubbard models: From weak to strong Coulomb repulsion

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    We propose a new mechanism which can lead to ferromagnetism in Hubbard models containing triangles with different on-site energies. It is based on an effective Hamiltonian that we derive in the strong coupling limit. Considering a one-dimensional realization of the model, we show that in the quarter-filled, insulating case the ground-state is actually ferromagnetic in a very large parameter range going from Tasaki's flat-band limit to the strong coupling limit of the effective Hamiltonian. This result has been obtained using a variety of analytical and numerical techniques. Finally, the same results are shown to apply away from quarter-filling, in the metallic case.Comment: 12 pages, revtex, 12 figures,needs epsf and multicol style file

    Spectral properties of one dimensional insulators and superconductors

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    Conformal field theory and Bethe ansatz are used to investigate the low energy features of the spectral function in one dimensional models which exhibit a gap in the spin or in the charge excitation spectrum. Exotic behavior is found in the superconducting case, where the Green function displays momentum dependent Luttinger Liquid exponents. The predictions of the formalism are confirmed by Lanczos diagonalizations in the tJtJ model up to 32 sites. These results may be relevant in connection to photoemission experiments in quasi one dimensional insulators or superconductors.Comment: 11 pages , RevTeX , 3 uuencoded picture

    Lattice distortions in a sawtooth chain with Heisenberg and Ising bonds

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    An exactly solvable model of the sawtooth chain with Ising and Heisenberg bonds and with coupling to lattice distortion for Heisenberg bonds is considered in the magnetic field. Using the direct transfer-matrix formalism an exact description of the thermodynamic functions is obtained. The ground state phase diagrams for all regions of parameters values containing phases corresponding to the magnetization plateaus at M=0,1/4M=0,1/4 and 1/2 have been obtained. Exact formulas for bond distortions for various ground states are presented. A novel mechanism of magnetization plateau stabilization corresponding to M=1/4M=1/4 state is reported.Comment: 16 pages, 12 figure

    Chain-based order and quantum spin liquids in dipolar spin ice

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    Recent experiments on the spin–ice material Dy2Ti2O7 suggest that the Pauling “ice entropy”, characteristic of its classical Coulombic spin-liquid state, may be lost at low temperatures [D. Po- maranski et al., Nature Phys. 9, 353 (2013)]. However, despite nearly two decades of intensive study, the nature of the equilibrium ground state of spin ice remains uncertain. Here we explore how long-range dipolar interactions D, short-range exchange interactions, and quantum fluctuations combine to determine the ground state of dipolar spin ice. We identify a new organisational prin- ciple, namely that ordered ground states are selected from a set of “chain states” in which dipolar interactions are exponentially screened. Using both quantum and classical Monte Carlo simulation, we establish phase diagrams as a function of quantum tunneling g, and temperature T , and find that only a very small gc D is needed to stabilize a quantum spin-liquid ground state. We discuss the implications of these results for Dy2Ti2O7

    Orbitally Driven Spin Pairing in the 3D Non-Magnetic Mott Insulator BaVS3: Evidence from Single Crystal Studies

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    Static electrical and magnetic properties of single crystal BaVS_3 were measured over the structural (T_S=240K), metal-insulator (T_MI=69K), and suspected orbital ordering (T_X=30K) transitions. The resistivity is almost isotropic both in the metallic and insulating states. An anomaly in the magnetic anisotropy at T_X signals a phase transition to an ordered low-T state. The results are interpreted in terms of orbital ordering and spin pairing within the lowest crystal field quasi-doublet. The disordered insulator at T_X<T<T_MI is described as a classical liquid of non-magnetic pairs.Comment: 4 pages, 5 figures, revtex, epsf, and multicol style. Problem with figures fixed. To appear in Phys. Rev. B Rap. Com
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