313 research outputs found

    EuroGammaS gamma characterisation system for ELI-NP-GBS: The nuclear resonance scattering technique

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    A Gamma Beam Characterisation System has been designed by the EuroGammaS association for thecommissioning and development of the Extreme Light Infrastructure-Nuclear Physics Gamma Beam System(ELI-NP-GBS) to be installed in Magurele, Romania. The characterisation system consists of four elements: aCompton spectrometer, a sampling calorimeter, a nuclear resonant scattering spectrometer (NRSS) and a beamprofile imager. In this paper, the nuclear resonant scattering spectrometer system, designed to perform anabsolute energy calibration for the gamma beam, will be describe

    Solving the large discrepancy between inclusive and exclusive measurements of the 8Li+4He→11B+n{}^8{\rm Li}+{}^4{\rm He}\to{}^{11}{\rm B}+n reaction cross section at astrophysical energies

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    A solution of the large discrepancy existing between inclusive and exclusive measurements of the 8Li+4He→11B+n{}^8{\rm Li}+{}^4{\rm He}\to{}^{11}{\rm B}+n reaction cross section at Ecm<3E_{cm} <3 MeV is evaluated. This problem has profound astrophysical relevance for this reaction is of great interest in Big-Bang and r-process nucleosynthesis. By means of a novel technique, a comprehensive study of all existing 8Li+4He→11B+n{}^8{\rm Li}+{}^4{\rm He}\to{}^{11}{\rm B}+n cross section data is carried out, setting up a consistent picture in which all the inclusive measurements provide the reliable value of the cross section. New unambiguous signatures of the strong branch pattern non-uniformities, near the threshold of higher 11B{}^{11}{\rm B} excited levels, are presented and their possible origin, in terms of the cluster structure of the involved excited states of 11B{}^{11}{\rm B} and 12B{}^{12}{\rm B} nuclei, is discussed.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, 1 tabl

    The Bare Astrophysical S(E) Factor of the 7Li(p, α)α Reaction

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    The astrophysically important 7Li(p, α)α reaction has been studied via the Trojan horse method in the energy range E = 10-400 keV. A new theoretical description, based on the distorted-wave Born approximation approach, allows one to extract information on the bare astrophysical S-factor, Sb(E), with Sb(0) = 55 ± 3 keV barns. The results are compared with direct experimental data leading to a model-independent value of the electron screening potential energy, Ue = 330 ± 40 eV, much higher than the adiabatic limit Uad = 175 eV

    A proton-recoil track imaging system for fast neutrons: the RIPTIDE detector

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    Fast neutron detection is often based on the neutron-proton elastic scattering reaction: the ionization caused by recoil protons in a hydrogenous material constitutes the basic information for the design and development of a class of neutron detectors. Although experimental techniques have continuously improved, proton-recoil track imaging remains still at the frontier of n-detection systems, due to the high photon sensitivity required. Several state-of-the-art approaches for neutron tracking by using n-p single and double scattering - referred to as Recoil Proton Track Imaging (RPTI) - can be found in the literature. So far, they have showed limits in terms of detection efficiency, complexity, cost, and implementation. In order to address some of these deficiencies, we have proposed RIPTIDE a novel recoil-proton track imaging detector in which the light output produced by a fast scintillator is used to perform a complete reconstruction in space and time of the interaction events. The proposed idea is viable thanks to the dramatic advances in low noise and single photon counting achieved in the last decade by new scientific CMOS cameras as well as pixel sensors, like Timepix or MIMOSIS. In this contribution, we report the advances on the RIPTIDE concept: Geant4 Monte Carlo simulations, light collection tests as well as state-of-the-art approach to image readout, processing and fast analysis.Comment: proceeding of the 23rd International Workshop on Radiation Imaging Detectors, IWoRID 2022, 26-30 June 2022, Riva del Garda (TN), Ital

    Probing Nuclear forces beyond the drip-line using the mirror nuclei 16^{16}N and 16^{16}F

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    Radioactive beams of 14^{14}O and 15^{15}O were used to populate the resonant states 1/2+^+, 5/2+^+ and 0−,1−,2−0^-,1^-,2^- in the unbound 15^{15}F and 16^{16}F nuclei respectively by means of proton elastic scattering reactions in inverse kinematics. Based on their large proton spectroscopic factor values, the resonant states in 16^{16}F can be viewed as a core of 14^{14}O plus a proton in the 2s1/2_{1/2} or 1d5/2_{5/2} shell and a neutron in 1p1/2_{1/2}. Experimental energies were used to derive the strength of the 2s1/2_{1/2}-1p1/2_{1/2} and 1d5/2_{5/2}-1p1/2_{1/2} proton-neutron interactions. It is found that the former changes by 40% compared with the mirror nucleus 16^{16}N, and the second by 10%. This apparent symmetry breaking of the nuclear force between mirror nuclei finds explanation in the role of the large coupling to the continuum for the states built on an ℓ=0\ell=0 proton configuration.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures, 2 tables, accepted for publication as a regular article in Physical Review

    Halo effects on fusion cross section in 4,6He+64Zn collision around and below the Coulomb barrier

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    The structure of the halo nuclei is expected to influence the fusion mechanism at energies around and below the Coulomb barrier. Here new data of 4He+64Zn at sub-barrier energies are presented which cover the same energy region of previous measurements of 6He+64Zn. The fusion cross section was measured by using an activation technique where the radioactive evaporation residues produced in the reaction were identified by the X-ray emission which follows their electron capture decay. By comparing the two system, we observe an enhancement on the fusion cross section in the reaction induced by 6He, at energy below the Coulomb barrier. It is shown that this enhancement seems to be due to static properties of halo 2n 6He nucleus

    Quasielastic backscattering and barrier distributions for the 6, 7Li + 64Zn systems

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    Excitation functions of quasielastic scattering at backward angles were measured for the weakly bound 6Li and 7Li projectiles on a 64Zn target at energies around the Coulomb barrier. The corresponding barrier distributions were derived from the experimental cross sections. The experimental data were analyzed within the coupled-channel model using a double-folding potential as the bare potential. Inelastic excitations of the target, the 7Li first excited state, and 6Li, 7Li resonant state(s), corresponding to sequential breakup, were included in the calculations. The comparison between the data and coupled-channel predictions shows that the effects of channels not included in the calculations, such as direct breakup and transfers, are much larger for 6Li than for 7Li

    Measuring total reaction cross-sections at energies near the coulomb barrier by the active target method

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    An experimental technique is described that is able to measure reaction cross-sections at energies around the Coulomb barrier by using low intensity beams and a Si detector as an active target. Set-up optimization was carefully investigated in terms of collimation, detector efficiency and pile-up rejection. The method has been tested by measuring the total reaction cross-section sigma(R)(E) for the (7)Li + (28)Si system in the energy range of E(lab) = 12-16 MeV. The deduced excitation function sigma(R)(E) agrees with the data obtained in a previous experiment. The presented technique can also be applied in order to determine total reaction cross-sections for low intensity radioactive beams at energies around the Coulomb barrier. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section a-Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipmen

    Role of neutron transfer processes on the 6Li+120Sn and 7Li+119Sn fusion reactions

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    The results concerning the study of 6 Li+ 120 Sn and 7 Li+ 119 Sn systems are presented. These two sistems are characterised by very similar structures of the interacting nuclei and by different Q-value for oneand two- neutron transfer. Our aim is to disentangle the possible effects due to the different n-transfer Q-values, at sub-barriers energies, by comparing the two fusion excitation function. In these experiments the fusion cross section has been measured by using a stack activation technique. No particular differences in the two fusion excitation functions have been observed. The influence of transfer channels on fusion cross-section has been object of investigations in the last years. In particular, the possible dependence of the fusion cross-section on the sign of the neutron transfer Q-value has been much debated in literature. The systematic approach used for the study of the Ca+Zr systems [1] provided relatively clear evidence of the relation between sub-barrier-cross section and the sign of the neutron transfer Q-value, in a model-independent way. According to experimenta