4,135 research outputs found

    ‘So many applications of science’: Novel Technology in British Imperial Culture During the Abyssinian and Ashanti Expeditions, 1868-1874.

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    This thesis will examine the portrayal and reception of ‘novel’ technology as constructed spectacle in the military and popular coverage of the Abyssinian (1868) and Ashanti (1873-4) expeditions. It will be argued that new and ‘novel’ military technologies, such as the machine gun, Hale rocket, cartridge rifle, breach-loading cannon, telegraph, railway, and steam tractor, were made to serve symbolic roles in a technophile discourse that cast African expansion as part of a conquest of the natural world. There was a growing confidence in mid-Victorian Britain of the Empire’s dominant position in the world, focused particularly on technological development and embodied in exhibition culture. During the 1860s and ‘70s, this confidence was increasingly extended to the prospect of expansion into Africa, which involved a substantial development of the ‘idea’ of Africa in the British imagination. The public engagement with these two campaigns provides a window into this developing culture of imperial confidence in Britain, as well as the shifting and contested ideas of race, climate, and martial prowess. The expeditions also prompted significant changes to understandings of ‘small wars’, a concept incorporating several important pillars of Victorian culture. It will be demonstrated that discourses of technological superiority and scientific violence were generated in response to anxieties of the perceived dangers posed by the African interior. Accounts of the expeditions demonstrated a strong hope, desire to claim, and tendency to interpret that novel European technology could tame and subjugate the African climate, as well as African populations. This study contributes to debates over the popularity of imperialism in Victorian society. It ties the popularity of empire to the social history of technology, and argues that the Abyssinian and Ashanti expeditions enhanced perceptions of military capability and technological superiority in the Victorian imagination. The efficacy of European technology is not dismissed, but approached as a proximate cause of a shift in culture, termed ‘the technologisation of imperial rhetoric’.University of Exeter College of HumanitiesSocial Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canad

    The Effects of an SMA-based Slat Cove Filler on the Aerodynamic and Structural Characteristics of a Wing Prototype

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    Current and new FAA regulations that are to be phased in have begun to pressure the aerospace industry to develop new noise reduction technologies to reduce aeroacoustic emissions that proponents say detriment the health and well-being of community members. With recent technological advancements improving noise emission from aircraft engines, emissions from airframe noise sources now project a larger footprint on the total emitted noise. This research proposes to investigate the previously developed shape memory alloy based slat cove filler concept and conduct aerodynamic and structural experiments with the purpose of characterizing the response under relevant flow conditions. The Texas A&M University 3’ 4’ low speed wind tunnel will be used to determine the aerodynamic influences of the shape memory alloys based slat cove filler on wing performance. A previously developed wing prototype treated with a slat cove filler will be used to compare aerodynamic effects at multiple slat settings. Structural experiments was conducted using Digital Image Correlation measurements, and displacement measurements from a custom-designed laser displacement sensor to determine the structural response of the shape memory alloy slat cove filler during a typical retraction cycle under wind tunnel test conditions. Results from the structural experiments will be used to validate a finite element analysis model that will be used to further research development into computational modeling tools

    The John Psathas Percussion Project

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    Professor Omar Carmenates, along with some select percussion students, worked in collaboration with New Zealand’s most famous composer, resulting in new works for percussion ensemble. Will perform some of the music that was recorded as part of the project. Will also discuss the process of preparation for the project

    The Effects of an SMA-based Slat Cove Filler on the Aerodynamic and Structural Characteristics of a Wing Prototype

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    Current and new FAA regulations that are to be phased in have begun to pressure the aerospace industry to develop new noise reduction technologies to reduce aeroacoustic emissions that proponents say detriment the health and well-being of community members. With recent technological advancements improving noise emission from aircraft engines, emissions from airframe noise sources now project a larger footprint on the total emitted noise. This research proposes to investigate the previously developed shape memory alloy based slat cove filler concept and conduct aerodynamic and structural experiments with the purpose of characterizing the response under relevant flow conditions. The Texas A&M University 3’ 4’ low speed wind tunnel will be used to determine the aerodynamic influences of the shape memory alloys based slat cove filler on wing performance. A previously developed wing prototype treated with a slat cove filler will be used to compare aerodynamic effects at multiple slat settings. Structural experiments was conducted using Digital Image Correlation measurements, and displacement measurements from a custom-designed laser displacement sensor to determine the structural response of the shape memory alloy slat cove filler during a typical retraction cycle under wind tunnel test conditions. Results from the structural experiments will be used to validate a finite element analysis model that will be used to further research development into computational modeling tools
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