3,333 research outputs found

    Two Parameters for Three Dimensional Wetting Transitions

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    Critical effects at complete and critical wetting in three dimensions are studied using a coupled effective Hamiltonian H[s(y),\ell]. The model is constructed via a novel variational principle which ensures that the choice of collective coordinate s(y) near the wall is optimal. We highlight the importance of a new wetting parameter \Omega(T) which has a strong influence on critical properties and allows the status of long-standing Monte-Carlo simulation controversies to be re-examined.Comment: 4 pages RevTex, 2 encapsulated postscript figures, to appear in Europhys. Let

    Interfacial Structural Changes and Singularities in Non-Planar Geometries

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    We consider phase coexistence and criticality in a thin-film Ising magnet with opposing surface fields and non-planar (corrugated) walls. We show that the loss of translational invariance has a strong and unexpected non-linear influence on the interface structure and phase diagram. We identify 4 non-thermodynamic singularities where there is a qualitative change in the interface shape. In addition, we establish that at the finite-size critical point, the singularity in the interface shape is characterized by two distint critical exponents in contrast to the planar case (which is characterised by one). Similar effects should be observed for prewetting at a corrugated substrate. Analogy is made with the behaviour of a non-linear forced oscillator showing chaotic dynamics.Comment: 13 pages, 3 figure

    Droplet shapes on structured substrates and conformal invariance

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    We consider the finite-size scaling of equilibrium droplet shapes for fluid adsorption (at bulk two-phase co-existence) on heterogeneous substrates and also in wedge geometries in which only a finite domain A\Lambda_{A} of the substrate is completely wet. For three-dimensional systems with short-ranged forces we use renormalization group ideas to establish that both the shape of the droplet height and the height-height correlations can be understood from the conformal invariance of an appropriate operator. This allows us to predict the explicit scaling form of the droplet height for a number of different domain shapes. For systems with long-ranged forces, conformal invariance is not obeyed but the droplet shape is still shown to exhibit strong scaling behaviour. We argue that droplet formation in heterogeneous wedge geometries also shows a number of different scaling regimes depending on the range of the forces. The conformal invariance of the wedge droplet shape for short-ranged forces is shown explicitly.Comment: 20 pages, 7 figures. (Submitted to J.Phys.:Cond.Mat.

    Surface Phase Diagrams for Wetting on Heterogenous Substrates

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    We propose a simplified description of fluid adsorption on heterogenenous micropatterned substrates. Using this approach, we are able to rederive results obtained earlier using effective interfacial Hamiltonian methods and predict a number of new examples of surface phase behaviour for both singly and periodically striped substrates. In particular, we show that, for a singly striped system, the manner in which the locus of surface unbending phase transitions approaches the pre-wetting line of the infinite pure system, in the limit of large stripe widths, is non-trivial and sensitive to several characteristic lengthscales and competing free-energies. For periodic substrates, we investigate finite-size deviations from Cassie's law for the wetting temperature of the heterogeneous system when the domain sizes are mesoscopic.Comment: 12 pages, 13 figure

    An exact solution for two dimensional wetting with a corrugated wall

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    An exact solution of a two dimensional RSOS model of wetting at a corrugated (periodic) wall is found using transfer matrix techniques. In contrast to mean-field analysis of the same problem the wetting transition remains second-order and occurs at a lower temperature than that of the planar system. Comparison with numerical studies and other analytical approaches is made.Comment: 11 pages LaTex with 1 eps figure. To appear in J.Phys.

    Corrugation-Induced First-Order Wetting: An Effective Hamiltonian Study

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    We consider an effective Hamiltonian description of critical wetting transitions in systems with short-range forces at a corrugated (periodic) wall. We are able to recover the results obtained previously from a `microscopic' density-functional approach in which the system wets in a discontinuous manner when the amplitude of the corrugations reaches a critical size A*. Using the functional renormalization group, we find that A* becomes dependent on the wetting parameter \omega in such a way as to decrease the extent of the first-order regime. Nevertheless, we still expect wetting in the Ising model to proceed in a discontinuous manner for small deviations of the wall from the plane.Comment: 9 pages RevTex with 2 EPS figures. To appear in Eur. Phys. J.

    Coupled Hamiltonians and Three Dimensional Short-Range Wetting Transitions

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    We address three problems faced by effective interfacial Hamiltonian models of wetting based on a single collective coordinate \ell representing the position of the unbinding fluid interface. Problems (P1) and (P2) refer to the predictions of non-universality at the upper critical dimension d=3 at critical and complete wetting respectively which are not borne out by Ising model simulation studies. (P3) relates to mean-field correlation function structure in the underlying continuum Landau model. We investigate the hypothesis that these concerns arise due to the coupling of order parameter fluctuations near the unbinding interface and wall. For quite general choices of collective coordinates X_i we show that arbitrary two-field models H[X_1,X_2] can recover the required anomalous structure of mean-field correlation functions (P3). To go beyond mean-field theory we introduce a set of Hamiltonians based on proper collective coordinates s near the wall which have both interfacial and spin-like components. We argue that an optimum model H[s,\ell] in which the degree of coupling is controlled by an angle-like variable, best describes the non-universality of the Ising model and investigate its critical behaviour. For critical wetting the appropriate Ginzburg criterion shows that the true asymptotic critical regime for the local susceptibility \chi_1 is dramatically reduced consistent with observations of mean-field behaviour in simulations (P1). For complete wetting the model yields a precise expression for the temperature dependence of the renormalized critical amplitude \theta in good agreement with simulations (P2). We highlight the importance of a new wetting parameter which describes the physics that emerges due to the coupling effects.Comment: 34 pages, RevTex, 8 eps figures. To appear in Physica

    Coupled Fluctuations near Critical Wetting

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    Recent work on the complete wetting transition has emphasized the role played by the coupling of fluctuations of the order parameter at the wall and at the depinning fluid interface. Extending this approach to the wetting transition itself we predict a novel crossover effect associated with the decoupling of fluctuations as the temperature is lowered towards the transition temperature T_W. Using this we are able to reanalyse recent Monte-Carlo simulation studies and extract a value \omega(T_W)=0.8 at T_W=0.9T_C in very good agreement with long standing theoretical predictions.Comment: 4 pages, LaTex, 1 postscript figur

    Tricritical wedge filling transitions with short-ranged forces

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    We show that the 3D wedge filling transition in the presence of short-ranged interactions can be first-order or second order depending on the strength of the line tension associated with to the wedge bottom. This fact implies the existence of a tricritical point characterized by a short-distance expansion which differs from the usual continuous filling transition. Our analysis is based on an effective one-dimensional model for the 3D wedge filling which arises from the identification of the breather modes as the only relevant interfacial fluctuations. From such analysis we find a correspondence between continuous 3D filling at bulk coexistence and 2D wetting transitions with random-bond disorder.Comment: 7 pages, 3 figures, 6th Liquid Matter Conference Proceedings (to be published in J. Phys.: Condens. Matter
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