110 research outputs found

    Gluon masses without seagull divergences

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    The study of dynamical gluon mass generation at the level of Schwinger-Dyson equation involves a delicate interplay between various field-theoretic mechanisms The underlying local gauge invariance remains intact by resorting to the well-known Schwinger mechanism, which is assumed to be realized by longitudinally coupled bound state poles, produced by the non-perturbative dynamics of the theory. These poles are subsequently included into the Schwinger-Dyson equation of the gluon propagator through the three-gluon vertex, generating a non-vanishing gluon mass, which, however, is expressed in terms of divergent seagull integrals. In this talk we explain how such divergences can be eliminated completely by virtue of a characteristic identity, valid in dimensional regularization. The ability to trigger this identity depends, in turn, on the details of the three-gluon vertex employed, and in particular, on the exact way the bound state poles are incorporated. A concrete example of a vertex that triggers the aforementioned identity is constructed, the ensuing cancellation of all seagull divergences is explicitly demonstrated, and a finite gluon mass is obtained. Due to the multitude of conditions that must be simultaneously satisfied, this construction appears to be exclusively realized within the PT-BFM framework. The resulting system of integral equations gives rise to a gluon mass that displays power-law running and an effective charge which, due to the presence of the gluon mass, freezes in the infrared at a finite (non-vanishing) value.Comment: 12 pages, 5 figures. Talk presented at the International Workshop on QCD Green's Functions, Confinement, and Phenomenology - QCD-TNT09, September 07 - 11 2009, ECT* Trento, Ital

    The Pinch Technique Approach to the Physics of Unstable Particles

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    The consistent description of unstable particles within the framework of perturbative gauge field theories necessitates the definition and resummation of off-shell Green's functions, which must respect several crucial physical requirements. We present the solution to this problem at one-loop, using the pinch technique.Comment: 11 pages, uses revtex, 7 Figures in separate ps file, contribution to the 1998 Corfu Summer Institute on Elementary Particle Physics (JHEP proceedings

    The dual gauge fixing property of the S matrix

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    The SS-matrix is known to be independent of the gauge fixing parameter to all orders in perturbation theory. In this paper by employing the pinch technique we prove at one loop a stronger version of this independence. In particular we show that one can use a gauge fixing parameter for the gauge bosons inside quantum loops which is different from that used for the bosons outside loops, and the SS-matrix is independent from both. Possible phenomenological applications of this result are briefly discussed.Comment: 17 pages, Late

    Chiral fermions and gauge-fixing in five-dimensional theories

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    We study in detail the issue of gauge-fixing in theories with one universal extra dimension, i.e. theories where both bosons and fermions display Kaluza-Klein (KK) excitations. The extra dimension is compactified using the standard orbifold construction for a massless chiral fermion. We carry out the gauge-fixing procedure at the level of the five-dimensional theory and determine the tree-level propagators and interaction vertices needed for performing perturbative calculations with the effective four-dimensional theory resulting after the compactification. The gauge-independence of the tree-level S-matrix involving massive KK modes is verified using specific examples. In order to obtain massive fermionic zero modes one has to enlarge the theory by introducing a set of mirror fermions, a construction which is carried out in detail. Finally, the gauge-independence of the tree-level S-matrix involving the resulting new mass-eigenstates is proved by resorting to generalized current conservation equations.Comment: 10 pages, 5 figures, revtex and axodra

    Gauge invariant Ansatz for a special three-gluon vertex

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    We construct a general Ansatz for the three-particle vertex describing the interaction of one background and two quantum gluons, by simultaneously solving the Ward and Slavnov-Taylor identities it satisfies. This vertex is known to be essential for the gauge-invariant truncation of the Schwinger-Dyson equations of QCD, based on the pinch technique and the background field method. A key step in this construction is the formal derivation of a set of crucial constraints (shown to be valid to all orders), relating the various form factors of the ghost Green's functions appearing in the aforementioned Slavnov-Taylor identity. When inserted into the Schwinger-Dyson equation for the gluon propagator, this vertex gives rise to a number of highly non-trivial cancellations, which are absolutely indispensable for the self-consistency of the entire approach.Comment: 26 pages, 4 figures; v3: more typos correcte

    Infrared properties of the gluon mass equation

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    The gauge-invariant generation of a dynamical, momentum-dependent gluon mass is intimately connected with the presence of non-perturbative massless poles in the vertices of the theory, which trigger the well-known Schwinger mechanism. In the deep infrared the integral equation that governs this effective gluon mass assumes a particularly simple form, which may be derived following two seemingly different, but ultimately equivalent procedures. In particular, it may be obtained either as a deviation from a special identity that enforces the masslessness of the gluon in the absence of massless poles, or as a direct consequence of the appearance of a non-vanishing bound-state wave function, associated with the details of the actual formation of these massless poles. In this presentation we demonstrate that, due to profound relations between the various ingredients, the two versions of the gluon mass equation are in fact absolutely identical.Comment: 12 pages, 5 figures. Talk presented by DB at the International Workshop on QCD Green's Functions, Confinement, and Phenomenology - QCD-TNT II, September 05-09 2011, ECT* Trento, Ital
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