250 research outputs found

    Tractable approximate deduction for OWL

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    Acknowledgements This work has been partially supported by the European project Marrying Ontologies and Software Technologies (EU ICT2008-216691), the European project Knowledge Driven Data Exploitation (EU FP7/IAPP2011-286348), the UK EPSRC project WhatIf (EP/J014354/1). The authors thank Prof. Ian Horrocks and Dr. Giorgos Stoilos for their helpful discussion on role subsumptions. The authors thank Rafael S. Gonçalves et al. for providing their hotspots ontologies. The authors also thank BoC-group for providing their ADOxx Metamodelling ontologies.Peer reviewedPostprin

    Managing the Provenance of Crowdsourced Disruption Reports

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    A paid open access option is available for this journal. Authors own final version only can be archived Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used On author's website immediately On any open access repository after 12 months from publication Published source must be acknowledged Must link to publisher version Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy) Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional chargePublisher PD

    Knowledge-based Transfer Learning Explanation

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    Machine learning explanation can significantly boost machine learning's application in decision making, but the usability of current methods is limited in human-centric explanation, especially for transfer learning, an important machine learning branch that aims at utilizing knowledge from one learning domain (i.e., a pair of dataset and prediction task) to enhance prediction model training in another learning domain. In this paper, we propose an ontology-based approach for human-centric explanation of transfer learning. Three kinds of knowledge-based explanatory evidence, with different granularities, including general factors, particular narrators and core contexts are first proposed and then inferred with both local ontologies and external knowledge bases. The evaluation with US flight data and DBpedia has presented their confidence and availability in explaining the transferability of feature representation in flight departure delay forecasting.Comment: Accepted by International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, 201

    A System for Aligning Geographical Entities from Large Heterogeneous Sources

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    Aligning points of interest (POIs) from heterogeneous geographical data sources is an important task that helps extend map data with information from different datasets. This task poses several challenges, including differences in type hierarchies, labels (different formats, languages, and levels of detail), and deviations in the coordinates. Scalability is another major issue, as global-scale datasets may have tens or hundreds of millions of entities. In this paper, we propose the GeographicaL Entities AligNment (GLEAN) system for efficiently matching large geographical datasets based on spatial partitioning with an adaptable margin. In particular, we introduce a text similarity measure based on the local-context relevance of tokens used in combination with sentence embeddings. We then come up with a scalable type embedding model. Finally, we demonstrate that our proposed system can efficiently handle the alignment of large datasets while improving the quality of alignments using the proposed entity similarity measure