2,970 research outputs found

    Magnetic ground state of coupled edge-sharing CuO_2 spin-chains

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    By means of density functional theory, we investigate the magnetic ground state of edge-sharing CuO_2 spin-chains, as found in the (La,Ca,Sr)_14Cu_24O_41system, for instance. Our data rely on spin-polarized electronic structure calculations including onsite interaction (LDA+U) and an effective model for the interchain coupling. Strong doping dependence of the magnetic order is characteristic for edge-sharing CuO_2 spin-chains. We determine the ground state magnetic structure as function of the spin-chain filling and quantify the competing exchange interactions.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures, 3 tables, accepted by Phys. Rev. Let

    Pneumatic boot for helicopter rotor deicing

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    Pneumatic deicer boots for helicopter rotor blades were tested. The tests were conducted in the 6 by 9 ft icing research tunnel on a stationary section of a UH-IH helicopter main rotor blade. The boots were effective in removing ice and in reducing aerodynamic drag due to ice

    Magnetic structure and orbital ordering in BaCoO3 from first-principles calculations

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    Ab initio calculations using the APW+lo method as implemented in the WIEN2k code have been used to describe the electronic structure of the quasi-one-dimensional system BaCoO3. Both, GGA and LDA+U approximations were employed to study different orbital and magnetic orderings. GGA predicts a metallic ground state whereas LDA+U calculations yield an insulating and ferromagnetic ground state (in a low-spin state) with an alternating orbital ordering along the Co-Co chains, consistent with the available experimental data.Comment: 8 pages, 9 figure

    Role of Strain on Electronic and Mechanical Response of Semiconducting Transition-Metal Dichalcogenide Monolayers: an ab-initio study

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    We characterize the electronic structure and elasticity of monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides MX2 (M=Mo, W, Sn, Hf and X=S, Se, Te) with 2H and 1T structures using fully relativistic first principles calculations based on density functional theory. We focus on the role of strain on the band structure and band alignment across the series 2D materials. We find that strain has a significant effect on the band gap; a biaxial strain of 1% decreases the band gap in the 2H structures, by as a much 0.2 eV in MoS2 and WS2, while increasing it for the 1T materials. These results indicate that strain is a powerful avenue to modulate their properties; for example, strain enables the formation of, otherwise impossible, broken gap heterostructures within the 2H class. These calculations provide insight and quantitative information for the rational development of heterostructures based on these class of materials accounting for the effect of strain.Comment: 16 pages, 4 figures, 1 table, supplementary materia

    Layered Kondo lattice model for quantum critical beta-YbAlB4

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    We analyze the magnetic and electronic properties of the quantum critical heavy fermion superconductor beta-YbAlB4, calculating the Fermi surface and the angular dependence of the extremal orbits relevant to the de Haas--van Alphen measurements. Using a combination of the realistic materials modeling and single-ion crystal field analysis, we are led to propose a layered Kondo lattice model for this system, in which two dimensional boron layers are Kondo coupled via interlayer Yb moments in a Jz=±5/2J_{z}=\pm 5/2 state. This model fits the measured single ion magnetic susceptibility and predicts a substantial change in the electronic anisotropy as the system is pressure-tuned through the quantum critical point.Comment: Fig.3 and 4 have been updated, typos corrected in v2. Published at http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.07720

    The effect of hydrogen on the magnetic properties of FeV superlattice

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    The electronic and magnetic structures of a hydrogenated and hydrogen free superlattice of 3 iron monolayers and 9 vanadium monolayers are studied using the first principle full-potential augmented-plane-wave method as implemented in WIEN2k package. The volume, the total energy and the magnetic moments of the system are studied versus the hydrogen positions at the octahedral sites within the superlattice and also versus the filling of the vanadium octahedral location by hydrogen atoms. It is found that the hydrogen locations at the interior of vanadium layer are energetically more favourable. The local Fe magnetic moment and the average magnetic moment per supercell are found to increase as the H position moves towards the Fe-V interface. On the other hand, the average magnetic moment per supercell is found to initially decrease up to filling by 3 H atoms and then increases afterwards. To our knowledge, this is the first reporting on the increase in the computed magnetic moment with hydrogenation. These trends of magnetic moments are attributed to the volume changes resulting from hydrogenation and not to electronic hydrogen-metal interaction.Comment: 13 pages, 5 figures and 2 table

    Confinement-induced metal-to-insulator transition in strained LaNiO3_3/LaAlO3_3 superlattices

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    Using density functional theory calculations including a Hubbard UU term we explore the effect of strain and confinement on the electronic ground state of superlattices containing the band insulator LaAlO3_3 and the correlated metal LaNiO3_3. Besides a suppression of holes at the apical oxygen, a central feature is the asymmetric response to strain in single unit cell superlattices: For tensile strain a band gap opens due to charge disproportionation at the Ni sites with two distinct magnetic moments of 1.45μB\mu_{\rm B} and 0.71μB\mu_{\rm B}. Under compressive stain, charge disproportionation is nearly quenched and the band gap collapses due to overlap of d3z2r2d_{3z^2-r^2} bands through a semimetallic state. This asymmetry in the electronic behavior is associated with the difference in octahedral distortions and rotations under tensile and compressive strain. The ligand hole density and the metallic state are quickly restored with increasing thickness of the (LaAlO3_3)n_n/(LaNiO3_3)n_n superlattice from n=1n=1 to n=3n=3.Comment: 7 pages, 10 Figure

    Iron-based layered superconductor LaO1x_{1-x}Fx_xFeAs: an antiferromagnetic semimetal

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    We have studied the newly found superconductor compound LaO1x_{1-x}Fx_xFeAs through the first-principles density functional theory calculations. We find that the parent compound LaOFeAs is a quasi-2-dimensional antiferromgnetic semimetal with most carriers being electrons and with a magnetic moment of 2.3μB2.3\mu_B located around each Fe atom on the Fe-Fe square lattice. Furthermore this is a commensurate antiferromagnetic spin density wave due to the Fermi surface nesting, which is robust against the F-doping. The observed superconduction happens on the Fe-Fe antiferromagnetic layer, suggesting a new superconductivity mechanism, mediated by the spin fluctuations. An abrupt change on the Hall measurement is further predicted for the parent compound LaOFeAs.Comment: 4 pages, 7 figure

    Supercell studies of the Fermi surface changes in the electron-doped superconductor LaFeAsO1x_{1-x}Fx_x

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    We study the changes in the Fermi surface with electron doping in the LaFeAsO1x_{1-x}Fx_x superconductors with density-functional supercell calculations using the linearized augmented planewave (LAPW) method. The supercell calculations with explicit F substitution are compared with those obtained from the virtual crystal approximation (VCA) and from a simple rigid band shift. We find significant differences between the supercell results and those obtained from the rigid-band shift with electron doping, although quite remarkably the supercell results are in good agreement with the virtual crystal approximation (VCA) where the nuclear charges of the O atoms are slightly increased to mimic the addition of the extra electrons. With electron doping, the two cylindrical hole pockets along ΓZ\Gamma-Z shrink in size, and the third hole pocket around ZZ disappears for an electron doping concentration in excess of about 7-8%, while the two elliptical electron cylinders along MAM-A expand in size. The spin-orbit coupling does not affect the Fermi surface much except to somewhat reduce the size of the third hole pocket in the undoped case. We find that with the addition of the electrons the antiferromagnetic state becomes energetically less stable as compared to the nonmagnetic state, indicating that the electron doping may provide an extra degree of stability to the formation of the superconducting ground state.Comment: 7 pages, 8 figure

    On the calculation of the bandgap of periodic solids with MGGA functionals using the total energy

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    During the last few years, it has become more and more clear that functionals of the meta generalized gradient approximation (MGGA) are more accurate than GGA functionals for the geometry and energetics of electronic systems. However, MGGA functionals are also potentially more interesting for the electronic structure, in particular, when the potential is nonmultiplicative (i.e., when MGGAs are implemented in the generalized Kohn-Sham framework), which may help to get more accurate bandgaps. Here, we show that the calculation of bandgap of solids with MGGA functionals can also be done very accurately in a non-self-consistent manner. This scheme uses only the total energy and can, therefore, be very useful when the self-consistent implementation of a particular MGGA functional is not available. Since self-consistent MGGA calculations may be difficult to converge, the non-self-consistent scheme may also help to speed up the calculations. Furthermore, it can be applied to any other types of functionals, for which the implementation of the corresponding potential is not trivial
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