1,616 research outputs found

    Open-charm meson elliptic flow measurement in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 2.76 TeV with ALICE at the LHC

    Get PDF
    A Large Ion Collider Experiment (ALICE) is one of the four large experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), and it is dedicated to the study of ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions, with the goal of investigating the properties of the high-density state of QCD matter produced in these collisions. The study of D meson production azimuthal anisotropy and the measurement of their elliptic flow (v2) can provide insight on the degree of thermalisation of charm quarks in the medium and on the charm hadronization mechanism. We present the measurement of the D+ and D0 meson v2 in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt(sNN)=2.76 TeV at the LHC with ALICE. We discuss the details of the analysis and we show the results obtained from data samples collected in 2011.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, typos corrected, proceedings of HP2012 conferenc

    The Higgs boson couplings: past, present, and future. The relationships between Higgs boson and other known particles as measured by current and future experiments

    Get PDF
    The discovery of the Higgs boson, a fundamental particle of the Standard Model, at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in 2012, marked a monumental milestone in the field of particle physics. Since then, extensive research has been conducted to understand the properties and interactions of the Higgs boson, particularly its couplings with other known particles. This article provides a review of the past, present, and future measurements of the Higgs boson couplings, with a focus on the most recent experimental developments. It discusses the experimental techniques and methods used to study the Higgs boson couplings, including the production and decay channels employed in various experiments. The article highlights the important relationships between the Higgs boson and other known particles, including the gauge bosons (W and Z bosons), quarks, and leptons and the Higgs boson itself, through its self-interaction. After discussing the channels used by ATLAS and CMS collaborations to measure the Higgs boson coupling to the other standard model particles, the article will present an overview of the latest results obtained at the LHC, commenting on how various measurements have evolved over time along with a better comprehension of the detectors and ever more refined analysis techniques. Future collider developments and expectation for the measurement of the Higgs boson couplings and double-Higgs boson production with increased precision and accuracy will be discussed along with the main challenges faced by future experiments

    Heavy flavours analysis in proton-proton collisions at the LHC with ALICE

    Get PDF
    The extremely high energies that will be reached at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN will allow studying the production of heavy flavours (beauty and charm) with high statistics in both proton-proton and Pb-Pb collisions. The study of open charm (D) and beauty (B) mesons in Pb-Pb collisions will be a powerful tool to investigate the production of heavy flavours and their interaction with the medium produced in such collisions (QGP). Heavy flavour yields will provide also a normalization for quarkonia production. We will present a general overview of the ALICE collaboration heavy flavour program, then we will focus on the analysis and reconstruction strategies developed for the study of the charmed (D) mesons by the ALICE collaboration for proton-proton collisions, with special emphasis on the charged D mesons. Finally, some expected results obtained with MonteCarlo production will be shown

    Elliptic flow of charged particles in Pb-Pb collisions at 2.76 TeV

    Get PDF
    We report the first measurement of charged particle elliptic flow in Pb-Pb collisions at 2.76 TeV with the ALICE detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The measurement is performed in the central pseudorapidity region (|η\eta|<0.8) and transverse momentum range 0.2< pTp_{\rm T}< 5.0 GeV/cc. The elliptic flow signal v2_2, measured using the 4-particle correlation method, averaged over transverse momentum and pseudorapidity is 0.087 ±\pm 0.002 (stat) ±\pm 0.004 (syst) in the 40-50% centrality class. The differential elliptic flow v2(pT)_2(p_{\rm T}) reaches a maximum of 0.2 near pTp_{\rm T} = 3 GeV/cc. Compared to RHIC Au-Au collisions at 200 GeV, the elliptic flow increases by about 30%. Some hydrodynamic model predictions which include viscous corrections are in agreement with the observed increase.Comment: 10 pages, 4 captioned figures, published version, figures at http://aliceinfo.cern.ch/ArtSubmission/node/389

    Differential cross section measurements for the production of a W boson in association with jets in proton–proton collisions at √s = 7 TeV

    Get PDF
    Measurements are reported of differential cross sections for the production of a W boson, which decays into a muon and a neutrino, in association with jets, as a function of several variables, including the transverse momenta (pT) and pseudorapidities of the four leading jets, the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta (HT), and the difference in azimuthal angle between the directions of each jet and the muon. The data sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV was collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 5.0 fb[superscript −1]. The measured cross sections are compared to predictions from Monte Carlo generators, MadGraph + pythia and sherpa, and to next-to-leading-order calculations from BlackHat + sherpa. The differential cross sections are found to be in agreement with the predictions, apart from the pT distributions of the leading jets at high pT values, the distributions of the HT at high-HT and low jet multiplicity, and the distribution of the difference in azimuthal angle between the leading jet and the muon at low values.United States. Dept. of EnergyNational Science Foundation (U.S.)Alfred P. Sloan Foundatio

    Optimasi Portofolio Resiko Menggunakan Model Markowitz MVO Dikaitkan dengan Keterbatasan Manusia dalam Memprediksi Masa Depan dalam Perspektif Al-Qur`an