77,594 research outputs found

    Performance of a large aperture GEM-like gating device for the International Linear Collider

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    One of the potential problems of a Micro-Pattern Gaseous Detector (MPGD)-based Time Projection Chamber (TPC) is the Ion back Flow (IBF): ions generated through the avalanche amplification process flow back to the drift volume of the TPC and disarrange an electric field inside it. Consequently non-negligible degradation of azimuthal spatial resolution is caused due to this IBF. Meanwhile, it is necessary to collect primary ionized electrons to maintain intrinsic performance of the MPGDs. The MPGD based TPC is currently planned to be used as a central tracking detector of the International Large Detector (ILD), which is one of the detector concepts for the future International Linear Collider (ILC) project, and which requires fine azimuthal spatial resolution of less than 100 μm{\rm \mu m} over the drift length of the TPC to attain high momentum resolution. Because of a unique beam structure of the ILC, the IBF is a critical issue for the realization of the ILD-TPC. Not only to suppress the ion back-flow to the drift volume, but also to allow the primary electrons pass through, a large aperture GEM-like gating device has been developed. Several bench tests for confirming the performance of the gating device have been conducted, besides that, beam test with the full detector module equipped with the gating device was carried out to verify the resolution that the full module can provide. As a result, it turned out that the developed gating device fulfills requirements for maintaining the performance of the MPGD based TPC, and it has sufficient performance for the central tracker of the ILD at the ILC.Comment: 2017 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Recor

    Abelian categories from triangulated categories via Nakaoka-Palu's localization

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    The aim of this paper is to provide an expansion to Abe-Nakaoka's heart construction of the following two different realizations of the module category over the endomorphism ring of a rigid object in a triangulated category: Buan-Marsh's localization and Iyama-Yoshino's subfactor. Our method depends on a modification of Nakaoka-Palu's HTCP localization, a Gabriel-Zisman localization of extriangulated categories which is also realized as a subfactor of the original ones. Besides of the heart construction, our generalized HTCP localization involves the following phenomena: (1) stable category with respect to a class of objects; (2) recollement of triangulated categories; (3) recollement of abelian categories under a mild assumption.Comment: 28 page

    Quantum Mechanical Embedding of Spinning Particle and Induced Spin-connection

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    This paper introduces the way of the embedding of spinning particle quantum mechanically. Schr\"odinger equation on its submanifold obtains the gauge field as spin connection, and it reduces to the ones obtained by Ohnuki and Kitakado when we consider S2S^2 in R3R^3. PACS numbers: 03.65Comment: 6 pages, No figures, Latex, Some parts are explained more clearly, and 1page is adde