5,357 research outputs found

    Forward and diffractive physics at CMS

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    A rich program of forward physics, including very low-x QCD dynamics, diffraction in the presence of a hard scale and photon-mediated processes, is being studied by the CMS Collaboration, taking advantage of the forward detector instrumentation around the CMS interaction point. We describe here the analyses planned for the first LHC data-taking period, when the istantaneous luminosity will be low (1029–1032 cm−2 s−1) and the pile-up negligible. A centre-of-mass energy of 14TeV is assumed

    Testbeam and Laboratory Characterization of CMS 3D Pixel Sensors

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    The pixel detector is the innermost tracking device in CMS, reconstructing interaction vertices and charged particle trajectories. The sensors located in the innermost layers of the pixel detector must be upgraded for the ten-fold increase in luminosity expected with the High- Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) phase. As a possible replacement for planar sensors, 3D silicon technology is under consideration due to its good performance after high radiation fluence. In this paper, we report on pre- and post- irradiation measurements for CMS 3D pixel sensors with different electrode configurations. The effects of irradiation on electrical properties, charge collection efficiency, and position resolution of 3D sensors are discussed. Measurements of various test structures for monitoring the fabrication process and studying the bulk and surface properties, such as MOS capacitors, planar and gate-controlled diodes are also presented.Comment: 14 page

    Test of Ultra Fast Silicon Detectors for the TOTEM upgrade project

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    This paper describes the performance of a prototype timing detector, based on 50 mu m thick Ultra Fast Silicon Detector, as measured in a beam test using a 180 GeV/c momentum pion beam. The dependence of the time precision on the pixel capacitance and bias voltage is investigated in this paper. A timing precision from 30 ps to 100 ps (RMS), depending on the pixel capacitance, has been measured at a bias voltage of 180 V.Peer reviewe

    E835 at FNAL: Charmonium Spectroscopy in pˉp\bar p p Annihilations

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    I present preliminary results on the search for hch_c in its ηcγ\eta_c\gamma and J/ψπ0J/\psi\pi^0 decay modes. We observe an excess of \eta_c\gammaeventsnear3526MeVthathasaprobability events near 3526 MeV that has a probability {\cal P} \sim 0.001toarisefrombackgroundfluctations.Theresonanceparametersare to arise from background fluctations. The resonance parameters are M=3525.8 \pm 0.2 \pm 0.2 MeV,MeV, \Gamma\leq1MeV,and 1 MeV, and 10.6\pm 3.7\pm3.4(br) < \Gamma_{\bar{p}p}B_{\eta_c\gamma} < 12.8\pm 4.8\pm4.5(br) eV.WefindnoeventexcesswithinthesearchregionintheeV. We find no event excess within the search region in the J/\psi\pi^0$ mode.Comment: Presented at the 6th International Conference on Hyperons, Charm and Beauty Hadrons (BEACH 2004), Chicago(Il), June 27-July 3,200

    Interference Study of the chi_c0 (1^3P_0) in the Reaction Proton-Antiproton -> pi^0 pi^0

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    Fermilab experiment E835 has observed proton-antiproton annihilation production of the charmonium state chi_c0 and its subsequent decay into pi^0 pi^0. Although the resonant amplitude is an order of magnitude smaller than that of the non-resonant continuum production of pi^0 pi^0, an enhanced interference signal is evident. A partial wave expansion is used to extract physics parameters. The amplitudes J=0 and 2, of comparable strength, dominate the expansion. Both are accessed by L=1 in the entrance proton-antiproton channel. The product of the input and output branching fractions is determined to be B(pbar p -> chi_c0) x B(chi_c0 -> pi^0 pi^0)= (5.09 +- 0.81 +- 0.25) x 10^-7.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, Accepted by PRL (July 2003

    Precision measurements of the total and partial widths of the psi(2S) charmonium meson with a new complementary-scan technique in antiproton-proton annihilations

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    We present new precision measurements of the psi(2S) total and partial widths from excitation curves obtained in antiproton-proton annihilations by Fermilab experiment E835 at the Antiproton Accumulator in the year 2000. A new technique of complementary scans was developed to study narrow resonances with stochastically cooled antiproton beams. The technique relies on precise revolution-frequency and orbit-length measurements, while making the analysis of the excitation curve almost independent of machine lattice parameters. We study the psi(2S) meson through the processes pbar p -> e+ e- and pbar p -> J/psi + X -> e+ e- + X. We measure the width to be Gamma = 290 +- 25(sta) +- 4(sys) keV and the combination of partial widths Gamma_e+e- * Gamma_pbarp / Gamma = 579 +- 38(sta) +- 36(sys) meV, which represent the most precise measurements to date.Comment: 17 pages, 3 figures, 3 tables. Final manuscript accepted for publication in Phys. Lett. B. Parts of the text slightly expanded or rearranged; results are unchange

    10 ps timing with highly irradiated 3D trench silicon pixel sensors

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    In this paper the results of a beam test characterization campaign of 3D trench silicon pixel sensors are presented. A time resolution in the order of 10 ps was measured both for non-irradiated and irradiated sensors up to a fluence of 2.5⋅1016 1 MeV neq cm−22.5 \cdot 10^{16}\,1\,MeV\, n_{eq}\,cm^{-2}. This feature and a detection efficiency close to 99%99\% make this sensors one of the best candidates for 4D tracking detectors in High-Energy-Physics experiments.Comment: Prepared for submission to JINST, IWORID 202
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