2,426 research outputs found

    ACHINOS: A Multi-Anode Read-Out for Position Reconstruction and Tracking with Spherical Proportional Counters

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    The spherical proportional counter is a versatile gaseous detector with physics applications ranging from rare event searches to fast neutron spectroscopy. In its simplest form, the detector operates with a single channel read-out, and uses pulse-shape information to reconstruct the interaction radius, which is used for background discrimination and target volume definition. Recent developments in the read-out instrumentation have enabled the use of a multi-anode read-out structure, ACHINOS. The multiple anodes provide information about the interaction position which, coupled with the radial information, can be used to reconstruct an ionisation track. This ability has implications for several applications of the detector, for example, background discrimination in rare event searches.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Fast Neutron Spectroscopy with a High-pressure Nitrogen-filled Large Volume Spherical Proportional Counter

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    We present a fast neutron spectroscopy system based on a nitrogen-filled, large volume gaseous detector, the Spherical Proportional Counter. The system has been successfully operated up to gas pressure of 1.5 bar. Neutron energy is estimated through measurement of the 14N(n,a)11B and 14N(n,p)14C reaction products. These reactions have comparable cross sections and Q-values with the 3He(n,p)3H reaction making nitrogen a good alternative to 3He use for fast neutron detection. Two detectors were built at the University of Birmingham and are currently used for the measurement of fast and thermal neutrons in the University of Birmingham and the Boulby underground laboratory, respectively.Comment: 3 pages, 6 Figure

    First operation of an ACHINOS-equipped Spherical Proportional Counter with individual anode read-out

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    The multi-anode sensor ACHINOS revolutionised the spherical proportional counter's capabilities by enabling large size, high pressure operation, and TPC like capabilities through individual anode read-out. First measurements with an individually read out ACHINOS are performed, which enables improved calibration and response homogenisation. Experimental results demonstrating the improvement in energy resolution brought by the individual anode calibration are presented. These are complemented by detailed simulation studies on the effect of sensor design and manufacturing imperfections, and how they may be corrected both in hardware and analysis.Comment: 15 pages, 14 figure

    Single hadron response measurement and calorimeter jet energy scale uncertainty with the ATLAS detector at the LHC

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    The uncertainty on the calorimeter energy response to jets of particles is derived for the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). First, the calorimeter response to single isolated charged hadrons is measured and compared to the Monte Carlo simulation using proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of sqrt(s) = 900 GeV and 7 TeV collected during 2009 and 2010. Then, using the decay of K_s and Lambda particles, the calorimeter response to specific types of particles (positively and negatively charged pions, protons, and anti-protons) is measured and compared to the Monte Carlo predictions. Finally, the jet energy scale uncertainty is determined by propagating the response uncertainty for single charged and neutral particles to jets. The response uncertainty is 2-5% for central isolated hadrons and 1-3% for the final calorimeter jet energy scale.Comment: 24 pages plus author list (36 pages total), 23 figures, 1 table, submitted to European Physical Journal

    Measurement of the cross-section and charge asymmetry of WW bosons produced in proton-proton collisions at s=8\sqrt{s}=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector