1,551 research outputs found

    Ultra-high permeable phenine nanotube membranes for water desalination

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    Nanopore desalination technology hinges on high water-permeable membranes which, at the same time, block ions efficiently. In this study, we consider a recently synthesized [Science 363, 151-155 (2019)] phenine nanotube (PNT) for water desalination applications. Using both equilibrium and non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations, we show that the PNT membrane completely rejects salts, but permeates water at a rate which is an order-of-magnitude higher than that of all the membranes used for water filtration. We provide the microscopic mechanisms of salt rejection and fast water-transport by calculating the free-energy landscapes and electrostatic potential profiles. A collective diffusion model accurately predicts the water permeability obtained from the simulations over a wide range of pressure gradients. We propose a method to calculate the osmotic water permeability from the equilibrium simulation data and find that it is very high for the PNT membrane. These remarkable properties of PNT can be applied in various nanofluidic applications, such as ion-selective channels, ionic transistors, sensing, molecular sieving, and blue energy harvesting.Comment: 23 pages, 5 figure

    Minimization of Handoff Failure Probability for Next-Generation Wireless Systems

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    During the past few years, advances in mobile communication theory have enabled the development and deployment of different wireless technologies, complementary to each other. Hence, their integration can realize a unified wireless system that has the best features of the individual networks. Next-Generation Wireless Systems (NGWS) integrate different wireless systems, each of which is optimized for some specific services and coverage area to provide ubiquitous communications to the mobile users. In this paper, we propose to enhance the handoff performance of mobile IP in wireless IP networks by reducing the false handoff probability in the NGWS handoff management protocol. Based on the information of false handoff probability, we analyze its effect on mobile speed and handoff signaling delay.Comment: 16 Page

    Continuous transition of social efficiencies in the stochastic strategy Minority Game

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    We show that in a variant of the Minority Game problem, the agents can reach a state of maximum social efficiency, where the fluctuation between the two choices is minimum, by following a simple stochastic strategy. By imagining a social scenario where the agents can only guess about the number of excess people in the majority, we show that as long as the guess value is sufficiently close to the reality, the system can reach a state of full efficiency or minimum fluctuation. A continuous transition to less efficient condition is observed when the guess value becomes worse. Hence, people can optimize their guess value for excess population to optimize the period of being in the majority state. We also consider the situation where a finite fraction of agents always decide completely randomly (random trader) as opposed to the rest of the population that follow a certain strategy (chartist). For a single random trader the system becomes fully efficient with majority-minority crossover occurring every two-days interval on average. For just two random traders, all the agents have equal gain with arbitrarily small fluctuations.Comment: 8 pages, 6 fig

    Fluorinated lactide-based copolymers

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    Disclosed is a process for producing lactide-based copolymers and the copolymers produced by this process. Disclosed copolymers are formed in one embodiment through the copolymerization of a lactide monomer with a fluorinated diol, for example a perfluorinated polyether monomer, oligomer or copolymer. The disclosed materials may display improved mechanical characteristics, hydrolytic characteristics, and thermal characteristics as compared to previously known lactide-based materials
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