585 research outputs found

    M-Phenomenology

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    Recent developments involving strongly coupled superstrings are discussed from a phenomenological point of view. In particular, strongly coupled E8×E8E_8\times E'_8 is described as an appropriate long-wavelength limit of M-theory, and some generic phenomenological implications are analyzed, including a long sought downward shift of the string unification scale and a novel way to break supersymmetry. A specific scenario is presented that leads to a rather light, and thus presently experimentally testable, sparticle spectrum.Comment: 22 pages, 2 figure

    A supergravity explanation of the CDF eeγγee\gamma\gamma event

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    We present a unified no-scale supergravity model with a light gravitino that can naturally explain the observed eeγγee\gamma\gamma event at CDF via right-handed selectron pair-production. The full spectrum of our model can be described in terms of a single parameter and can be distinguished from alternative proposals in the literature. Ongoing and future runs at LEP 2 should be able to probe the full allowed parameter space via acoplanar diphoton events from e+eχ10χ10e^+e^-\to\chi^0_1\chi^0_1 production.Comment: 10 pages, LaTeX, 4 figures (included

    Closing the Universe by relaxing the cosmological constant

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    We propose a string-inspired model which correlates several aspects of particle physics and cosmology. Inspired by the flat directions and the absence of adjoint Higgs representations found in typical string models, we consider a no-scale SU(5)×U(1)SU(5)\times U(1) supergravity model. This model entails well determined low-energy phenomenology, such as the value of the neutralino dark matter relic abundance and a negative contribution to the vacuum energy. A positive contribution to the vacuum energy is also typically present in string theory as a consequence of the running of the fundamental constants towards their fixed point values. If these two contributions cancel appropriately, one may end up with a vacuum energy which brings many cosmological observations into better agreement with theoretical expectations. The present abundance of neutralinos would then be fixed. We delineate the regions of parameter space allowed in this scenario, and study the ensuing predictions for the sparticle and Higgs-boson masses in this model.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures (included), Latex, CTP-TAMU-06/9

    The Electroweak Phase Transition in Minimal Supergravity Models

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    We have explored the electroweak phase transition in minimal supergravity models by extending previous analysis of the one-loop Higgs potential to include finite temperature effects. Minimal supergravity is characterized by two higgs doublets at the electroweak scale, gauge coupling unification, and universal soft-SUSY breaking at the unification scale. We have searched for the allowed parameter space that avoids washout of baryon number via unsuppressed anomalous Electroweak sphaleron processes after the phase transition. This requirement imposes strong constraints on the Higgs sector. With respect to weak scale baryogenesis, we find that the generic MSSM is {\it not} phenomenologically acceptable, and show that the additional experimental and consistency constraints of minimal supergravity restricts the mass of the lightest CP-even Higgs even further to m_h\lsim 32\GeV (at one loop), also in conflict with experiment. Thus, if supergravity is to allow for baryogenesis via any other mechanism above the weak scale, it {\it must} also provide for B-L production (or some other `accidentally' conserved quantity) above the electroweak scale. Finally, we suggest that the no-scale flipped SU(5)SU(5) supergravity model can naturally and economically provide a source of B-L violation and realistically account for the observed ratio nB/nγ1010n_B/n_\gamma\sim 10^{-10}.Comment: 14 pages (not including two postscript figures available upon request

    No-scale supergravity confronts LEP diphoton events

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    We examine the possibility that some anomalous acoplanar diphoton events observed at LEP may be consistent with the predictions of our previously proposed one-parameter no-scale supergravity model with a light gravitino, via the process e^+e^- -> chi chi -> gamma gamma+E_miss. We find that one such event may indeed be consistent with the model predictions for m_chi \approx (60-70) GeV. This region of parameter space is also consistent with the selectron and chargino interpretations of the CDF ee gamma gamma + E_T,miss event.Comment: 9 pages, LaTeX, 4 figures (included). Updated to include full LEP161 dat

    Some Physical Aspects of Liouville String Dynamics

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    We discuss some physical aspects of our Liouville approach to non-critical strings, including the emergence of a microscopic arrow of time, effective field theories as classical ``pointer'' states in theory space, CPTCPT violation and the possible apparent non-conservation of angular momentum. We also review the application of a phenomenological parametrization of this formalism to the neutral kaon system.Comment: CERN-TH.7269/94, 37 pages, 2 figures (not included), latex. Direct inquiries to: [email protected]

    RbR_b in supergravity models

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    We compute the supersymmetric contribution to RbΓ(Zbbˉ)/Γ(Zhadrons)R_{b}\equiv \Gamma (Z\to b{\bar b})/\Gamma (Z\to {\rm hadrons}) in a variety of supergravity models. We find R^{\rm susy}_b\lsim0.0004, which does not shift significantly the Standard Model prediction (RbSM=0.2162R^{\rm SM}_b=0.2162 for m_t=160\GeV). An improvement in experimental precision by a factor of four would be required to be sensitive to such an effect.Comment: 5 pages, LaTeX, 1 figure (included)
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