37,339 research outputs found

    Effect of Thermal Fluctuation on Spectral Function for the Tomonaga-Luttinger Model

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    We examine the spectral function of the single electron Green function at finite temperatures for the Tomonaga-Luttinger model which consists of the mutual interaction with only the forward scattering. The spectral weight, which is calculated as a function of the frequency with the fixed wave number, shows that several peaks originating in the excitation spectra of charge and spin fluctuations vary into a single peak by the increase of temperature.Comment: 10 pages, 6 eps figure

    Universal low-temperature properties of quantum and classical ferromagnetic chains

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    We identify the critical theory controlling the universal, low temperature, macroscopic properties of both quantum and classical ferromagnetic chains. The theory is the quantum mechanics of a single rotor. The mapping leads to an efficient method for computing scaling functions to high accuracy.Comment: 4 pages, 2 tables and 3 Postscript figure

    Abelian monopoles and center vortices in Yang-Mills plasma

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    Condensation of the Abelian monopoles and the center vortices leads to confinement of color in low temperature phase of Yang-Mills theory. We stress that these topological magnetic degrees of freedom are also very important in the deconfinement regime: at the point of the deconfinement phase transition both the monopoles and the vortices are released into the thermal vacuum contributing, in particular, to the equation of state and, definitely, to transport properties of the hot gluonic medium. Thus, we argue that a novel, magnetic component plays a crucial role. On the other hand, it was demonstrated that an effective three-dimensional description can be brought, beginning with high temperatures, down to the critical temperature by postulating existence of a system of 3d Higgs fields. We propose to identify the 3d color-singlet Higgs field with the 3d projection of the 4d magnetic vortices. Such identification fits well the 3d properties of the theory and contributes to interpretation of the magnetic component of the Yang-Mills plasma.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures; talk at Quark Confinement and the Hadron Spectrum, September 1-6 2008, Mainz, German

    Inverse Landau-Zener-Stuckelberg problem for qubit-resonator systems

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    We consider theoretically a superconducting qubit - nanomechanical resonator (NR) system, which was realized by LaHaye et al. [Nature 459, 960 (2009)]. First, we study the problem where the state of the strongly driven qubit is probed through the frequency shift of the low-frequency NR. In the case where the coupling is capacitive, the measured quantity can be related to the so-called quantum capacitance. Our theoretical results agree with the experimentally observed result that, under resonant driving, the frequency shift repeatedly changes sign. We then formulate and solve the inverse Landau-Zener-Stuckelberg problem, where we assume the driven qubit's state to be known (i.e. measured by some other device) and aim to find the parameters of the qubit's Hamiltonian. In particular, for our system the qubit's bias is defined by the NR's displacement. This may provide a tool for monitoring of the NR's position.Comment: 10 pages, 7 figure

    First-order quantum correction to the Larmor radiation from a moving charge in a spatially homogeneous time-dependent electric field

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    First-order quantum correction to the Larmor radiation is investigated on the basis of the scalar QED on a homogeneous background of time-dependent electric field, which is a generalization of a recent work by Higuchi and Walker so as to be extended for an accelerated charged particle in a relativistic motion. We obtain a simple approximate formula for the quantum correction in the limit of the relativistic motion when the direction of the particle motion is parallel to that of the electric field.Comment: 12 pages, 2 figures, accepted for publication in Physical Review
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