115 research outputs found

    Quasi-rational fusion products

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    Fusion is defined for arbitrary lowest weight representations of WW-algebras, without assuming rationality. Explicit algorithms are given. A category of quasirational representations is defined and shown to be stable under fusion. Conjecturally, it may coincide with the category of representations of finite quantum dimensions.Comment: 10 pages (plain TeX

    The associative algebras of conformal field theory

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    Modulo the ideal generated by the derivative fields, the normal ordered product of holomorphic fields in two-dimensional conformal field theory yields a commutative and associative algebra. The zero mode algebra can be regarded as a deformation of the latter. Alternatively, it can be described as an associative quotient of the algebra given by a modified normal ordered product. We clarify the relation of these structures to Zhu's product and Zhu's algebra of the mathematical literature.Comment: LaTeX (BibTeX), 6 pages, no figure

    Rational CFTs on Riemann surfaces

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    The partition function of rational conformal field theories (CFTs) on Riemann surfaces is expected to satisfy ODEs of Gauss-Manin type. We investigate the case of hyperelliptic surfaces and derive the ODE system for the (2,5)(2,5) minimal model.Comment: 90 page

    Mirror Symmetry on Kummer Type K3 Surfaces

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    We investigate both geometric and conformal field theoretic aspects of mirror symmetry on N=(4,4) superconformal field theories with central charge c=6. Our approach enables us to determine the action of mirror symmetry on (non-stable) singular fibers in elliptic fibrations of Z_N orbifold limits of K3. The resulting map gives an automorphism of order 4,8, or 12, respectively, on the smooth universal cover of the moduli space. We explicitly derive the geometric counterparts of the twist fields in our orbifold conformal field theories. The classical McKay correspondence allows for a natural interpretation of our results.Comment: 27 pages, no figures; references added, typos and equation (28) correcte

    Einstein's cosmology review of 1933: a new perspective on the Einstein-de Sitter model of the cosmos

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    We present a first English translation and analysis of a little-known review of relativistic cosmology written by Albert Einstein in late 1932. The article, which was published in 1933 in a book of Einstein papers translated into French, contains a substantial review of static and dynamic relativistic models of the cosmos, culminating in a discussion of the Einstein-de Sitter model. The article offers a valuable contemporaneous insight into Einstein's cosmology in the 1930s and confirms that his interest lay in the development of the simplest model of the cosmos that could account for observation, rather than an exploration of all possible cosmic models. The article also confirms that Einstein did not believe that simplistic relativistic models could give an accurate description of the early universe.Comment: Accepted for publication in the European Physical Journal (H). Includes an English translation of a little-known review of cosmology written by Albert Einstein in 1933. 20 pages, 4 figure

    One Hundred Years of the Cosmological Constant: from 'Superfluous Stunt' to Dark Energy

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    We present a centennial review of the history of the term known as the cosmological constant. First introduced to the general theory of relativity by Einstein in 1917 in order to describe a universe that was assumed to be static, the term fell from favour in the wake of the discovery of the expanding universe, only to make a dramatic return in recent times. We consider historical and philosophical aspects of the cosmological constant over four main epochs: (i) the use of the term in static cosmologies (both Newtonian and relativistic); (ii) the marginalization of the term following the discovery of cosmic expansion; (iii) the use of the term to address specific cosmic puzzles such as the timespan of expansion, the formation of galaxies and the redshifts of the quasars; (iv) the re-emergence of the term in today's Lamda-CDM cosmology. We find that the cosmological constant was never truly banished from theoretical models of the universe, but was sidelined by astronomers for reasons of convenience. We also find that the return of the term to the forefront of modern cosmology did not occur as an abrupt paradigm shift due to one particular set of observations, but as the result of a number of empirical advances such as the measurement of present cosmic expansion using the Hubble Space Telescope, the measurement of past expansion using type SN 1a supernovae as standard candles, and the measurement of perturbations in the cosmic microwave background by balloon and satellite. We give a brief overview of contemporary interpretations of the physics underlying the cosmic constant and conclude with a synopsis of the famous cosmological constant problem.Comment: 60 pages, 6 figures. Some corrections, additions and extra references. Accepted for publication the European Physical Journal (H

    A General Vanishing Theorem

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    Let E be a vector bundle and L be a line bundle over a smooth projective variety X. In this article, we give a condition for the vanishing of Dolbeault cohomology groups of the form H^p,q (X, S^α E ⊗ (∧^ÎČ)E ⊗ L) when S^(α+ÎČ)E ⊗ L is ample. This condition is shown to be invariant under the interchange of p and q. The optimality of this condition is discussed for some parameter values
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