27 research outputs found

    USE OF DIAGRAMS AS INSTRUCTIONAL AIDS IN TEACHING OF GEOMETRICAL CONCEPTS AT SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL

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    Angle is a complex topic defined in a variety of contexts; some define angle to be as a pair of rays coming from a single point, as a rotation about a single point, or in a curve. Due to the multiple definitions of angle students get confused as to what an angle truly consists of. This study paid close attention to the misconceptions high school geometry students’ hold about the concept of angle and how to help them gain a more conceptual understanding of this essential concept with the use of different Diagrams. The main idea behind the conduction of this study is to investigate the effect of use of diagrams as instructional aids on the conceptual understanding of angles. The study hypothesizes that angle can be learned using interactive Diagrams. The results of this study showed that diagrams which based on different A.V aids was shown to be more beneficial for the students who used to clear the concept of angles

    Impacto do Risco de Mercado, Taxa de Juros, Taxa de Câmbio no Retorno de Ações Bancárias: Evidências dos Bancos listados do Paquistão

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    The main purpose of this research is to find the relationship between market risk, Exchange rate, Interest rate, and bank stock returns in Pakistan. The KSE-100 index used as Market risk, US dollar against Pak rupees used as Exchange rate, three-month T-bill rate used as the interest rate and the continuously compounded return used as banks stock return. The time-series data from January 2007 to December 2018 is used in this study. The ordinary least square (OLS) method is used to check the relationship between bank stock return, market risk, interest rate, and Exchange rate. The result of this shows that market risk is positively significant, exchange rate rarely negatively significant, and the interest rate insignificant exempt of one bank. When the prices of the stock market are increasing the bank stock prices also increase. These empirical findings are helpful for the policymaker, investor, banking management as well as Government.El objetivo principal de esta investigación es encontrar la relación entre el riesgo de mercado, el tipo de cambio, la tasa de interés y el rendimiento de las acciones bancarias en Pakistán. El índice KSE-100 se utilizó como riesgo de mercado, el dólar estadounidense frente a las rupias de Pakistán se usó como tipo de cambio, la tasa de T-bill a tres meses se usó como tasa de interés y el rendimiento compuesto continuo se usó como rendimiento de acciones de los bancos. Los datos de series de tiempo de enero de 2007 a diciembre de 2018 se utilizan en este estudio. El método de mínimos cuadrados ordinarios (OLS) se utiliza para verificar la relación entre el rendimiento de las acciones bancarias, el riesgo de mercado, la tasa de interés y la tasa de cambio. El resultado de esto muestra que el riesgo de mercado es positivamente significativo, la tasa de cambio rara vez es significativamente negativa y la tasa de interés es exenta de importancia de un banco. Cuando los precios del mercado de valores están aumentando, los precios de las acciones bancarias también aumentan. Estos hallazgos empíricos son útiles para los responsables políticos, los inversionistas, la administración bancaria y el gobierno.O principal objetivo desta pesquisa é encontrar a relação entre risco de mercado, taxa de câmbio, taxa de juros e retornos de ações bancárias no Paquistão. O índice KSE-100 usado como risco de mercado, dólar norte-americano contra rupias de Pak usado como taxa de câmbio, taxa T de três meses usada como taxa de juros e retorno continuamente combinado usado como retorno de ações de bancos. Os dados de séries temporais de janeiro de 2007 a dezembro de 2018 são usados neste estudo. O método de mínimos quadrados ordinários (OLS) é usado para verificar a relação entre retorno de ações bancárias, risco de mercado, taxa de juros e taxa de câmbio. O resultado disso mostra que o risco de mercado é positivamente significativo, a taxa de câmbio raramente é negativamente significativa e a taxa de juros insignificante isenta de um banco. Quando os preços do mercado de ações estão aumentando, os preços das ações do banco também aumentam. Essas descobertas empíricas são úteis para o formulador de políticas, o investidor, o gerenciamento bancário e o governo

    Safety Measures for Operating Team and Operation Theater During the Current Scenario of COVID-19

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    The COVID-19 has become a major threat to Pakistan and worldwide, and has become a significant issue for global health, economy and societies. This rapid spread was occurred from Wuhan, China to most of the part of the world. To elaborate the concept and recommendations regarding the safety precautions in operation theater (O.T) and inside associated team during the current scenario of COVID-19. Many research and review articles were studied to collect information about Covid-19 and strategies published in various journals using the search engine, PubMed and Medline. The COVID-19 has significantly changed all aspects of daily life around the world since very start of this year 2020. SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19), a novel corona virus, has been infected many healthcare workers. In this perspective, hospitals need a strategy to manage their resources, staff and supplies so that patients receive optimal treatment. A decision tree algorithm was developed that defined the recommendations for safety measures in operation theater and operating procedures, these include identifying and developing an isolation room, administrative measures such as transformations in working flow and procedures, introducing personal protective equipment for the employees and formulating anesthetic clinical guidelines. These control actions are essential to enhance the excellence of care provided to COVID-19 patients and to minimize the risk of spread to other patients or staff. The operating room is a dynamic environment with numerous staff like anesthesiologists, physicians, nurses, O.T attendants and technicians; however, we agree that the containment steps are important in order to improve the standard of treatment provided to COVID-19 patients and to minimize the chance of viral spread to patients other than COVID-19 and hospital staff

    Volatilidade do mercado de ações do Paquistão: uma comparação de modelos do tipo Garch com cinco

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    This study conducts empirical analyses modeling the volatility of Pakistani stock market over the period of 1st January 2008 to 30th June 2018 via different GARCH type Model; Symmetric (GARCH & GARCH-M) and Asymmetric (EGARCH & TGARCH) with five different Distribution Techniques such as Normal Distribution (Norm), Student’s t Distribution (Std.), Generalized Error Distribution (GED), Student’s t Distribution with fix the degree of freedom (Std. with fix DOF) and Generalized Error Distribution with fix parameters (GED with fix parameters). The results are shown in GARCH (1, 1) lagged conditional variance and squared disturbance which effects conditional variance is significant in all distribution. GARCH-M (1, 1) depicts a positive significant at 1% results in Std. and GED which indicates the existence of risk premium and insignificant in rest of the distribution on. EGARCH and TGARCH both are found to leverage effect significant at 1% level. In determining the accuracy and adequacy of forecasting density and choice of volatility model the results on simulated data indicates choice of conditional distribution appear as a more dominant factor. EGARCH model with Student’s t the distribution technique is delivered satisfactory results as compare to other models which censored by statistical tools of maximum Log Likelihood, minimum AIC, and SIC. The previous study of Pakistani Stock Market is limited to GARCH family models with one or two distributions. This study covers the limitations and also contributes existing literature in this regard. This research is considered important for investors, policymakers, and researchers.Este estudio realiza análisis empíricos que modelan la volatilidad del mercado de valores pakistaní durante el período del 1 de enero de 2008 al 30 de junio de 2018 a través de diferentes modelos de tipo GARCH; Simétrico (GARCH & GARCH-M) y Asymmetric (EGARCH & TGARCH) con cinco técnicas de distribución diferentes, como la distribución normal (Norm), la distribución t de Student (Std.), La distribución de errores generalizada (GED), la distribución t de Student con la corrección del grado de libertad (Std. con corrección DOF) y Distribución de errores generalizada con parámetros de corrección (GED con parámetros de corrección). Los resultados se muestran en GARCH (1, 1) varianza condicional retrasada y perturbación al cuadrado, lo que afecta a la varianza condicional es significativo en toda la distribución. GARCH-M (1, 1) muestra un resultado positivo significativo al 1% en la norma. y GED, que indica la existencia de prima de riesgo e insignificante en el resto de la distribución en. Tanto EGARCH como TGARCH tienen un efecto de apalancamiento significativo al nivel del 1%. Al determinar la precisión y la adecuación de la densidad de pronóstico y la elección del modelo de volatilidad, los resultados en datos simulados indican que la elección de la distribución condicional aparece como un factor más dominante. El modelo EGARCH con la técnica de distribución de Student se entrega con resultados satisfactorios en comparación con otros modelos que están censurados por las herramientas estadísticas de máxima probabilidad de registro, mínimo AIC y SIC. El estudio anterior de la Bolsa de Valores de Pakistán se limita a los modelos de la familia GARCH con una o dos distribuciones. Este estudio cubre las limitaciones y también aporta la literatura existente en este sentido. Esta investigación se considera importante para los inversores, los responsables políticos y los investigadores.Este estudo realiza análises empíricas modelando a volatilidade do mercado de ações paquistanês no período de 1º de janeiro de 2008 a 30 de junho de 2018 através de diferentes modelos do tipo GARCH; Simétrico (GARCH & GARCH-M) e Assimétrico (EGARCH & TGARCH) com cinco diferentes Técnicas de Distribuição, como Distribuição Normal (Norm), Distribuição t de Student (Padrão), Distribuição de Erro Generalizada (GED), Distribuição t de Student com correção do grau de liberdade (Std. com correção de DOF) e distribuição de erros generalizada com parâmetros de correção (GED com parâmetros de correção). Os resultados são apresentados na variância condicional defasada GARCH (1, 1) e na perturbação quadrada que afeta a variância condicional em todas as distribuições. GARCH-M (1, 1) representa um significante positivo com resultados de 1% em Std. e GED que indica a existência de prêmio de risco e insignificante em resto da distribuição em. EGARCH e TGARCH ambos são encontrados para alavancar o efeito significativo ao nível de 1%. Ao determinar a precisão e a adequação da densidade de previsão e a escolha do modelo de volatilidade, os resultados em dados simulados indicam que a escolha da distribuição condicional aparece como um fator mais dominante. O modelo EGARCH com Student t a técnica de distribuição apresenta resultados satisfatórios quando comparado a outros modelos que foram censurados por ferramentas estatísticas de máxima Likelihood, mínima AIC e SIC. O estudo anterior do mercado de ações paquistanês é limitado a modelos de família GARCH com uma ou duas distribuições. Este estudo cobre as limitações e também contribui com a literatura existente a esse respeito. Esta pesquisa é considerada importante para investidores, formuladores de políticas e pesquisadores

    ہر فن مولا'' کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ''

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    The play "Har Fun Maula" written by Atta ul Haq Qasmi is the story of a illiterate and foolishyoung son of a rich person, who has been deceived by a clever and greedy man on a false motivation to bea politician, poet some time and other time a journalist.The play presents another hard working charactor, who promotes himself from the hairdresserto a business man and finally a famous rich property dealer of the city. This play presents the real valuesof our society and teaches the society not to be exploited by greedy cheaters. Hard work is key to success.</p

    ظہور نظرؔ کی شاعری کے رنگ

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    Zahoor Nazar, belonged to Bahawalpur, was a great poet and a multidimensional personality. This study is an effort to acknowledge his contribution to not only literary world of Pakistan but also to develop political awareness amongst masses of Pakistan.</p

    Biochemical analysis, photosynthetic gene (psbA) down–regulation, and in silico receptor prediction in weeds in response to exogenous application of phenolic acids and their analogs

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    Chemical herbicides are the primary weed management tool, although several incidences of herbicide resistance have emerged, causing serious threat to agricultural sustainability. Plant derived phenolic acids with herbicidal potential provide organic and eco-friendly substitute to such harmful chemicals. In present study, phytotoxicity of two phenolic compounds, ferulic acid (FA) and gallic acid (GA), was evaluated in vitro and in vivo against three prevalent herbicide-resistant weed species (Sinapis arvensis, Lolium multiflorum and Parthenium hysterophorus). FA and GA not only suppressed the weed germination (80 to 60% respectively), but also negatively affected biochemical and photosynthetic pathway of weeds. In addition to significantly lowering the total protein and chlorophyll contents of the targeted weed species, the application of FA and GA treatments increased levels of antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation. Photosynthetic gene (psbA) expression was downregulated (10 to 30 folds) post 48 h of phenolic application. In silico analysis for receptor identification of FA and GA in psbA protein (D1) showed histidine (his-198) and threonine (thr-286) as novel receptors of FA and GA. These two receptors differ from the D1 amino acid receptors which have previously been identified (serine-264 and histidine-215) in response to PSII inhibitor herbicides. Based on its toxicity responses, structural analogs of FA were also designed. Four out of twelve analogs (0.25 mM) significantly inhibited weed germination (30 to 40%) while enhancing their oxidative stress. These results are unique which provide fundamental evidence of phytotoxicity of FA and GA and their analogs to develop cutting-edge plant based bio-herbicides formulation in future

    Biochemical analysis, photosynthetic gene (psbA) down-regulation, and in silico receptor prediction in weeds in response to exogenous application of phenolic acids and their analogs.

    No full text
    Chemical herbicides are the primary weed management tool, although several incidences of herbicide resistance have emerged, causing serious threat to agricultural sustainability. Plant derived phenolic acids with herbicidal potential provide organic and eco-friendly substitute to such harmful chemicals. In present study, phytotoxicity of two phenolic compounds, ferulic acid (FA) and gallic acid (GA), was evaluated in vitro and in vivo against three prevalent herbicide-resistant weed species (Sinapis arvensis, Lolium multiflorum and Parthenium hysterophorus). FA and GA not only suppressed the weed germination (80 to 60% respectively), but also negatively affected biochemical and photosynthetic pathway of weeds. In addition to significantly lowering the total protein and chlorophyll contents of the targeted weed species, the application of FA and GA treatments increased levels of antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation. Photosynthetic gene (psbA) expression was downregulated (10 to 30 folds) post 48 h of phenolic application. In silico analysis for receptor identification of FA and GA in psbA protein (D1) showed histidine (his-198) and threonine (thr-286) as novel receptors of FA and GA. These two receptors differ from the D1 amino acid receptors which have previously been identified (serine-264 and histidine-215) in response to PSII inhibitor herbicides. Based on its toxicity responses, structural analogs of FA were also designed. Four out of twelve analogs (0.25 mM) significantly inhibited weed germination (30 to 40%) while enhancing their oxidative stress. These results are unique which provide fundamental evidence of phytotoxicity of FA and GA and their analogs to develop cutting-edge plant based bio-herbicides formulation in future

    USE OF DIAGRAMS AS INSTRUCTIONAL AIDS IN TEACHING OF GEOMETRICAL CONCEPTS AT SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL

    No full text
    Angle is a complex topic defined in a variety of contexts; some define angle to be as a pair of rays coming from a single point, as a rotation about a single point, or in a curve. Due to the multiple definitions of angle students get confused as to what an angle truly consists of. This study paid close attention to the misconceptions high school geometry students’ hold about the concept of angle and how to help them gain a more conceptual understanding of this essential concept with the use of different Diagrams. The main idea behind the conduction of this study is to investigate the effect of use of diagrams as instructional aids on the conceptual understanding of angles. The study hypothesizes that angle can be learned using interactive Diagrams. The results of this study showed that diagrams which based on different A.V aids was shown to be more beneficial for the students who used to clear the concept of angles

    The Causes of Occupational Accidents and Injuries in Romanian Firms: An Application of the Johansen Cointegration and Granger Causality Test

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    Organizational risks are present in any activity, so it is important to manage them properly. The jobs are dynamic and involve a series of processes and activities. The entire human resource is exposed to several risks. If these risks are approached correctly, the organizational capacity to achieve its objectives and vision will increase considerably. This paper aims to investigate the relationships between work accidents (fatal and non-fatal) and the causes that contribute to their occurrence (causes dependent on the executor, causes dependent on the means of production, workload-dependent causes, and work-dependent causes—the work environment). The augmented Dickey–Fuller (ADF) test is employed to check the data stationarity series, while the Johansen test determines the cointegration relation of variables. The data have been collected from Romanian organizations. The vector error correction model (VECM) and Granger causality test are applied for speed of adjustment, nature, and direction of variables’ relationship. This research demonstrated that both data series are free from the unit-root problem at first difference. The lag length criterions select the third lag for model fitness, and Johansen cointegration declares that variables are cointegrated for the long term. The vector error correction model shows the speed of adjustment from the short to the long run is 83.35% and 42.60% for work and fatal accidents. The study results show that fatal accidents have a series relationship with selected cases for the short run and have a long-run relationship with the means of production. Fatal accidents are directly related to means of production. Fatal accidents are not designed by executors, workload-dependent causes, or work environments in the short run. Fatal accidents are directly related to the means of production and sudden incidents happening in the long run. Fatal accidents are considered by executors, workload-dependent causes, or work environments in the short run. In the long run, fatal accidents are directly related to the means of production and sudden incidents happening
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